Top 10 Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants

Top 10 Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants

Introduction

Diabetes is termed medically as Diabetes Mellitus, the metabolic disorder which is prevalent in 2.8% of the world population. (https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-11/diabetes_in_the_uk_2010.pdf). Glucose is very essential for healthy functioning of brain & muscle tissues. In simple words it’s a condition in which person has higher glucose level in their body.

The main causative factors are inadequate insulin production, improper response of body cells to insulin or both. It is forecasted that by 2025, it becomes 5.4%. There arises a need to take necessary interventions from the grass root level. From ancient period we have lot of traditional medicinal literature available.

Some are indigenous origin & not revealed to others. Owing to this, a lot of valuable medicines are left unidentified. Now, with the help of sophistication & technological advancement the medical benefits of anti-diabetic medicinal plants are brought into light.

Most of these anti-diabetic medicinal plants are vegetables & forms a part of our daily food. But lack of awareness & indulgence on chemical remedies reduces the popularity. From now, prioritize them in your menu so that you could prevent the progression of diabetes or onset of diabetes in future. Let us discuss some practical ways in which you can include these amazing herbs in your diet. It is simple yet significant.

Relevance

Anti-diabetic medicinal plants are safer & adavantageous over chemical formulations because of no side effects & they are cost effective too. The best advantage is that they can be consumed as a preventive measure even before the disease manifests. It can be easily included in our daily diet.

Some of the plant families are well known for anti diabetic activity

  • Moraceae
  • Rosaceae
  • Leguminosae
  • Lamiaceae
  • Liliaceae
  • Cucurbitaceae

Lot of anti-diabetic medicinal plants are reported to have anti diabetic activity. But in this context, for better understanding the best known anti-diabetic medicinal plants are introduced & discussed in detail. These anti-diabetic medicinal plants have other medical significances apart from diabetic control. But the core action is to alleviate Diabetes. Major researches are undergoing to identify the specific pharmacological actions. These herbs are used as single or in combination with other medicines. These can be also consumed as diet.

Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants & Their Action

Bitter gourd –

Commonly named Bitter melon. Botanically named as Momordica charantia, (M.charantia) belonging to Cucurbitaceae family is very popular among the indigenous populations of South America, East Africa, Carribean & India. This particular plant’s fruit is bitter in taste & its profound when ripe. This amazing plant is a climber, perennial, produces a knobble fruit which grows about 5m.

It is regarded as one of the effective remedy for diabetes. The fruit is commonly consumed as a vegetable. There so many delicious recipes made with the fruit. The anti-oxidant property in the plant is highly contributing to its medicinal value. It contains flavonoids, phenols etc that gives a bitter taste to the fruit.

Next question is why is it anti diabetic?

The active components like Charantin & polypeptide-p are identified to have very strong hypoglycemic properties (decrease blood glucose levels). Studies prove that Charantin alone can even replace diabetic treatments. Polypeptide-p is considered as a insulin of plant origin, as it mimics the human insulin in its functions. It is found very effective in Type 1 diabetes. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027280/)

Fenugreek –

Trigonella foenum-graecum belonging to Fabaceae family. This anti-diabetic medicinal plants is native to Europe & Western Asia. The seeds are said to have anti diabetic properties. The leaves can be consumed as a vegetable or as a cooked salad.

Anti diabetic action- The seeds lowers the sugar absorption in the body. The studies reveal that seeds consumption can lower the sugar levels. And it in turn increases the amount of insulin production. There are some risk related to its consumption.

High consumption can cause allergies too. Studies suggest that maintain a time gap in taking fenugreek, if you are consuming some other medications, because it interrupts the action of the medication. So needless to say that it’s a potent drug.

It’s a major ingredient in tempering along with mustard & curry leaves curries in parts of Asia especially South India. So it’s always wise to consume such recipes, rather than eating in raw form. (https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/fenugreek-blood-sugar#traditional-diabetes-treatment)

Garlic –

Allium sativum, Family – Alliaceae. If you are not a garlic lover, then you are not doing justice to your body. It’s a powerhouse of essential nutrients. Geographical distribution – Central Asia, Iran. It’s commonly a main ingredient of folk medicine. It has cardio protective properties with anti-diabetic properties which make garlic an essential ingredient in herbal formulations.

It arrests the progression of diabetes by anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant& anti glycative properties. Recent researches shows that the garlic extracts are a powerful source for reducing insulin resistance

The raw garlic has good blood sugar decreasing properties & also to prevent future secondary complications in diabetes affected individuals. In normal individuals it has a significant effect on maintain blood glucose levels. In diabetic patients, its reported to lower the secondary complications rather than anti diabetic action. It’s a substitute for antidiabetic chemical drugs as it contains Allicin, which promotes insulin production in beta cells. It is ideal to consume atleast 1 cloveof garlic in type 2 diabetes.

Gymnema –

Commonly known as cow plant, botanically it is named as Gymnema sylvestre, belongs to Asclepiadaceae family. The anti-diabetic medicinal plants is a shrub & is native to Africa, Srilanka & India. It’s a climber – Commonly used part is leaves. The Gymnemic acid is the active component responsible in controlling diabetes.

There are reports of growing evidences of its quick action. It has a unique property to eliminate the ability to recognize sugar taste.  It serves as a receptor to reduce the glucose absorption by intestines, there by regulating the blood glucose levels in the body. It is also called as ‘sugar destroyer’

CAUTION

Some of the reported side effects include that chewing the leaves makes tongue loses the ability to recognize sweet taste. It is contra indicated during pregnancy & lactation. When combined with other medicines, it produces best results.

Green Chireta –

is the common name; Latin name is Andrographis paniculata belongs to Acanthaceae family. It is herbaceous morphologically. Because of the strong bitterness, the plant is named as “Bitter king”. It is a well known herb in Chinese & Ayurveda medicine. Normally the whole plant is used for medicinal use. In addition to Diterpenes, It also comprises of flavones & lactones. Geographical distribution – India & Srilanka.

It has reported to have side effects like vomiting, rashes and headache if not taken under proper care. It has active constituents’ diterpenes. The glucose tolerance test showed drastic lowering of blood glucose levels by limiting the intestinal absorption of glucose.

Ginger –

Zingiber officinale, belonging to Zingiberaceae family is another well-known anti-diabetic herb. Gingerol, Zingiberol are the active constituents. Universally, ginger is accepted as the healthiest option among foods. Rhizome is the part used.

It reduces the fasting blood sugar & regulates the serum insulin level. It has reports of side effects like heartburn. It is consumed in different forms like fresh ginger, dry ginger powder, ginger oil. Ginger is an inevitable ingredient in non-vegetarian cooking, soups, cakes, candies in different parts of the world.

High precaution should be maintained when it is taken with other anti-diabetic medications, as it can lower the blood sugar drastically. Ginger water with lime is the commonest beverage used in Diabetes.

Aloe Vera –

Latin name is Aloe barbadensis, belonging to Liliaceae family. It is a perennial. The plant is commonly a native of Africa.  It is a anti-diabetic medicinal plants of wonders with miraculous medicinal properties& greatly specified in Greek & Egyptian classics. From the ancient period almost 7000years ago, the plants medicinal properties have been of great significance. It’s action is diverse.

It has anti- hyper glycemic effect when given in combination with other anti-diabetic medicines. The additive effect of the herb is greatly being used in the treatment of chronic diabetic patients.  The oral intake should be done under expert medical supervision. Common medicinal preparations include Aloe Vera juice, gel & paste. Adulterants are available in the market like black catechu, stones etc.

Olive –

Olea europea L. belongs to Oleaceae family.  It is said that extra virgin olive oil keeps the Diabetes away. The tall evergreen tree is widely used as a traditional medicine in Mediterranean& European countries. Leaves & the oil are mainly used. Extracts, powder or in the form of tea, it’s indicated orally.

Olive oil has reported to lower the blood glucose level in type 2 diabetic patients. It’s a fantastic ingredient in pizza recipes, salads with tuna also. Olive oil is used commonly as salad dressing too.  Polyphenols like oleuropein are responsible for these medicinal properties. (https://dmsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13098-017-0254-9)

 Ivy gourd –

Coccinia indica, belonging to Cucurbitaceae family commonly known as ivy gourd is yet another herbal remedy. It grows as a wild climber in India. The small elongated fruit is very popular vegetable in India. It’s very commonly cultivated in the vegetable garden. There are lots of studies going on regarding the action of Ivy gourd in controlling the Post-Prandial blood sugar. It is edible in the raw form also. It is an amazing blood purifier. So if we could include it in our daily intake, it can contribute so much to your health. The unripe fruit is stir fried, or used in curries. The leaves are used medicinally.   It has the property to mimic the function of insulin. It is consumed by diabetic patients as raw fruit & also as boiled salads.

Okra –

The magical herb is a great remedy for diabetes & other debilitating illnesses like cancer also. It is commonly called by the name lady’s finger. Botanically it is named as Abelmoschus esculentus belonging to Malvacea family. It’s a tall growing vegetable common in India, Caribbean& the Americas. It stabilizes the blood glucose level by lowering the intestinal absorption.

The superior insoluble fiber is the responsible component for this effect. The immature pods are consumed as a vegetable & recommended in making stews & fries. The okra seeds in grounded form are used as a coffee substitute. Studies shows that okra water is very effective in controlling gestational Diabetes in pregnant rats. From the reports it’s evident that consumption of the raw vegetable chopping in water & drinking the water next day has proven anti diabetic effects. In turkey, it’s a part of traditional medicine & consumed as okra roast.

What can you do?

Answer is very simple. Make a small vegetable garden with at least some of them. They are all easy to grow & maintain. Pick some fresh whenever you do your delicious cooking

 

Anti- Diabetic Salad

As we all know, “Prevention is better than cure”. Hope you got a better understanding of anti diabetic plants around you. Next is to make the best use of it. Let’s discuss some convenient ways to incorporate these wonder herbs in your diet.

This is a practical way to prevent Diabetes or arrest the progression of disease in future. Choose some of these plants, for example take some chopped Okra, Fenugreek leaves & Ivy gourd boil slightly to soften. Then season with ginger & garlic by stir frying in Olive oil. Cut pieces of olives can also be added to enhance the flavor. Eat this salad at least once in a week. This is a dietary medicine.

Drink for diabetes prevention

Chopped ginger (1 teaspoon) added with 4-5 fenugreek seeds in 2 cups of water, boil for 15 minutes. Cool it well & drink. This is a medicated tea.

Concluding session

We have discussed top 10 anti – diabetic plants here with description of their medical indications. Most of these are vegetables & can be easily accessible. Some interesting practical methods are also explained to utilize the medicinal value as salads or drinks. Apart from all these life style improvements are to be made if you are health conscious. Good exercise, balanced diet & Sound sleep are inevitable.

Make these amazing herbs universal by sharing this little piece of knowledge. Let’s have some of them planted in our home.

Refrences

  1. https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-11/diabetes_in_the_uk_2010.pdf

(Accessed on 07/12/2109)

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027280/

(Accessed on 07/12/2019)

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/fenugreek-blood-sugar#traditional-diabetes-treatment

(Accessed on 06/12/2019)

  1. https://dmsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13098-017-0254-9

(Accessed on 06/12/2019)

Can Diabetes be Cured by Ayurveda?

Can Diabetes be Cured by Ayurveda

Introduction

Diabetes mellitus, commonly called Diabetes, in Ayurveda, (the science of life) explains Diabetes as Madhumeha”. The prediabetic stage is termed Prameha. In simple words, Ayurveda insists on lifestyle modifications along with herbal medicines & exercises for a diabetic person.

The topic is a common dilemma. Let us see, Diabetes is a condition that manifests in multiple systems of the body. Hence the prognosis is not very easy. We can regulate the blood glucose levels in the body by various supportive measures as per Ayurveda.

Well, Ayurveda is always a safe option for Diabetes. It is a way of living rather than a treatment system. It is a natural way of bringing back our body to normal by various natural therapies. Diabetes requires long term intervention.

It goes well with other treatments without any counter-reaction, if safely administered. Taking herbal medicines & following herbal-based routine for extended periods does not damage the body.

Total cure? What do you think?

Diabetes cannot be cured completely. It is not a single disease; it’s a group of systemic disorders which manifests slowly. This complexity makes the cure a time-consuming task.  But in Ayurveda, it can be controlled or managed greatly. The degree of cure always depends upon many factors like chronicity, age of the patient etc.

Specifically, in Ayurveda, there are different types of diabetes depending upon the symptoms & history of onset of diseases. Treatment is given subsequently in various stages. There are a lot of dietary & lifestyle modifications described. For example, dietary preparations like porridge made with anti-diabetic drugs are of great demand & welcoming among the public.

For Diabetes, depending upon the type of patient, treatment is undertaken, if the person is obese, then measures to reduce fat that includes low – carb diet, physical activity are followed. If the patient is lean, milder & nourishing treatments are adopted, considering the strength of the patient. Here in both cases, anti-diabetic medicines are selected accordingly.

Key benefits of following ayurveda

Diabetes has profound effects on multiple systems in our body. The high blood glucose levels hamper the vital systemic activities like delayed wound healing lowered sexual response, mood swings (The person loses tempers easily).

The Ayurvedic approach generally emphasizes on treating the root cause of disease. It can control the disease to a great extend by arresting the further progression of the disease. The lifestyle modifications like regular exercise, managing weight, consuming a diet containing anti-diabetic properties.

Treatment of diabetes- Ayurvedic perspectives

Ayurveda treatments are primarily based on tridosha theory.  Vata, pitta, Kapha are the 3 doshas & considered as the balancing forces. Vata controls all movements in the body, pitta controls all metabolic functions, Kapha regulates the structure & nourishment in the body. That means doshas are considered as the balancing entities of health.

What happens in diabetes

Any derangement in the balance of doshas results in diseases. So in Diabetes, an imbalance of Vata & Kapha dosas occurs.  By excessive consumption of sweet, fatty food especially dairy, carbohydrate-rich foods, genetic factors, other underlying primary diseases the doshas attains imbalance.

Likewise, diabetes caused by an imbalance of Kapha dosha, the treatment protocol is alleviating Kapha dosha by diet or medicines possessing opposite qualities of Kapha- pungent, bitter as well as astringent. Kapha dosa gets aggravated by the use of oily, fatty foods. So the intake of less fatty foods is advisable as part of treatment. At different stages of the disease, different doshas are predominant. So prophylactic measures to alleviate the predominant doshas are undertaken. Mainly in general, Vata- Kapha alleviation is followed. (

Some of the treatment procedures seem outdated in the Modern era, but we can use our rationale to modify the treatment methods to fit our current needs. Here application of physicians’ logic assumes great significance. A thorough evaluation of the patient is done before starting any treatment procedures.

Specifically, apart from food causes, a sedentary lifestyle is one of the major causes of diabetes.

Our lifestyle – a contributing hazard

Nowadays, this assumes great relevance, because people are inclined towards fast food & reduced physical activity. This when continued for a long time, manifests as obesity & thereby diabetes. In today’s life, none is different; every person lives an unhealthy life.

Knowingly or unknowingly, they follow the same routine, this, in turn, makes them susceptible to many lifestyle disorders including diabetes in the future.  The Ayurveda classics advises walking exercise along with other physical activities.

Herbs for life

There are potent herbs that are single remedies in diabetes treatment.  Turmeric, Cinnamon, Ginger, Fenugreek, Bitter gourd are well known anti-diabetic herbs. But invariably the application differs from patient to patient& also depending upon the chronicity of the disease. For example, Ayurveda classics mention the use of turmeric & gooseberry as a perfect remedy for the disease.

Also, there is kashaya – medicated decoctions prepared from herbs, that are very effective. Then as mentioned earlier there are tablets, medicated powders for internal as well as external applications. Most of these have the property to rejuvenate the body & reduce the damage caused to organs.

Prevention in ayurveda

Ayurveda more stresses on prevention than cure. It is said that if we follow the balanced routine for food & lifestyle according to seasons or the changing climate, you would be freed from all kinds of diseases. It also emphasizes on having a stress free or peaceful mind. Diseases like diabetes have a great impact on our mental health too.

Another fact about Diabetes is that they are classified under diseases with a bad prognosis. But there is nothing to worry about. There are measures to be implemented at each stage & arrest even a minute progression of the disease. It is advisable to follow a strict pattern of conjoining medications & lifestyle changes.

The root cause for diabetes has to be avoided under all circumstances, like eating sweet foods, following a sedentary lifestyle etc.

Ayurvedic detoxification

Many people approach the Ayurveda system with the same question. But once they are told & explained about the treatment, most of them prefer to be treated soon. When the treatment starts, they feel the real change in the body which is beyond any explanation.

Each day is a better day for them. Simultaneously it depends upon the cooperation from the patient’s side also. How well they adapt to treatment procedures.

Internal as well as external treatments like drinking kashaya, doing panchakarma therapies like oil massage or powder massage, fomentation therapy,  nourishing therapies to regain the health of eyes.

Vasti therapies (mostly applying for medicines through anal route) are also advocated based on the chronicity of the disease, the degree of body damage, age of the patient, the body constitution, the inherent strength possessed by the patient. These purificatory therapies eliminate the toxicity in the body & regenerate the body.

With all the ongoing therapies, prescribed diet & regimen are followed.  By all these interventions body gains health so as the mind. After the above said procedures, monitoring of all vitals, necessary laboratory tests are performed in order to understand the systemic response to treatment procedures timely.

Yoga & meditation for diabetes

Along with medical treatments, Yoga & meditation are also incorporated. Suryanamaskara is very effective. This involves various bodily exercises including yogic postures.  Pranayama or the breathing exercises oxygenate body cells & promote the normal wellbeing of the body.

Tackling sexual problems & improper sleep

Various meditation techniques are employed to regain the mental strength & consciousness. This soothes the mind & gives clarity to senses, thus improves sleep. The diabetic patient usually encounters sleep disturbances leading to insomnia.

Emotional imbalance also leads to sexual disturbances owing to relationship problems. Mental stress, emotional disturbances can also be tackled by following the same. Yogasanas like Dhanurasana & Sarvangasana are proven to be clinically effective & recommended widely.

The patient feels a sense of satisfaction & relief. They strictly follow the required routine rules for the rest of their life. Owing to the arrest in disease progression, medicines are reduced with dietary improvements. Antidiabetic diet preparations like drinks, salads, natural juices form part of the diet.

Prioritize our body & observe any changes occurring. This is the only way to understand a forthcoming onset of a disease.  Especially diabetes does not manifest all of a sudden. It takes time to completely take the form of a disease. If we are conscious about the bodily changes, take quick action without any delay. If this methodology is followed, a lot of diseases can be prevented to a great deal.

The real life scenarios

In this modern world, relying on chemical formulations has greatly increased. Because no one is ready to take preventive measures against the disease. And when the disease onsets, they suddenly start the symptomatic treatment measures which are a temporary solution. It is double damage to the body.

Symptomatic treatment is not bad, but no one ever thinks about the leading factors behind the diseases before choosing treatments. People are less aware or least bothered about the cause of the disease.

In Diabetes, patients are advised to take insulin at a required dosage, at the same time most of them never skip their favorite sweet foods. They claim that they are on insulin or tablets, so there is no point in stopping sweet consumption. This slowly takes the patient to a bad prognostic stage, where the treatment is complex. Such cases are more shifting to Ayurveda treatment because their body can no longer withstand the chemical therapies.

Ayurveda mostly receives cases that are mostly in complicated stages, normally people present with an unhealed ulcer, or urinary problems or even cardiac (mistaken as abdominal gas problems). In such cases rather than giving symptomatic relief, doctors look for underlying diseases, the common suspect is always diabetes. Then treatment for diabetes gets started, gradually the symptoms are seen to get subsided.

Are plant remedies safe

Plant remedies are regarded as safe among the public. But they have active chemicals responsible for their pharmacological effect. Without proper supervision, improper consumption may lead to the severity of the condition. Like in Diabetes, there are locally known plants for a cure. But improper administration can even cause severe hypoglycemia which is fatal.

There are patients following an integrated approach in diabetes, by the following Ayurveda along with other chemical remedies.  This further requires expert monitoring. The results are positive if followed properly. Ayurveda can also make the rest of the life of a diabetic patient happier &better.

Integrated treatment approach- a positive thinking

Unanimously, modern researches & Ayurveda agree on diabetogenic or diabetic causing foods. Scientifically it is proved that consumption of less fat foods, legumes, light fruits like cranberry, pear, and apricots is necessary.

Avoiding dairy products can bring drastic changes in the body, dairy products are fat-containing, and hence it should be avoided. The beans & pulses contain high fiber & regulate the glucose in the body by lowering its release. These findings are already mentioned in Ayurveda classics.

Ayurveda is the extract of ancient medical knowledge from Atharva Veda. Current studies also complement the ancient medical literature. There exists a lot of medical literature that explains diabetes. Different aspects are highlighted in each of the classics. The treatment protocol is adopted by summarizing all these classical information.

short massage

  • It is not a life threatening disease. If managed properly. Stop worrying, start action!
  • Choose your treatment wisely.
  • Practice yoga & meditation, it’s a valuable health tonic
  • Reduce stress & inactivity
  • Plan a diet chart fitting your daily intake requirements by including anti diabetic salads or drinks
  • Get your body tests done timely. This is very necessary to assess the progress.

Conclusion

Ayurvedic perspective in explaining Diabetes causes, symptoms & treatments are discussed in detail. Possible treatment methods are explained to make better choices for the people. Yoga therapies coupled with meditation energizes the body & the mind. Above all, if you are healthy, adopt preventive measures. If you are diabetic, choose your treatment wisely. This is necessary to live a happy life.

References

  1. A Mind-Body Approach to Diabetes
  2. AYUSH – Ayurveda and Diabetes
  3. Diabetes Mellitus (madhumeha) And Ayurvedic Management: An Evidence-Based Approach

Is Jaggery Good For Diabetes ?

Is Jaggery Good For Diabetes

When it comes to diabetes management, reducing sugar intake is definitely the priority for every diabetic person. Diabetes requires life-long medication along with a rightful diet for strict monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Ever wondered what factors led to such a broad prevalence of this disease. The cause lie hidden in our own lifestyle – the food we eat, the habits we inculcate, the measures we take, and so on. Our diet contains the majority of carbohydrates with much low quantities of proteins and fibers. Now, this is something that tremendously favors diabetes-related crisis to occur.

India is the largest producer as well as consumer of rice all over the world. Our staple diet, that is, rice is itself higher in terms of glycemic index then how we can be so ignoring towards our blood glucose levels.

Each and every food comes with its own nutritional properties. Some of the properties fairly favor diabetic health while others might deteriorate it. For instance, a particular food may come loaded with abundant health benefits for various ailments but still can be unfit for diabetes.

Amidst many confusion that occurs regarding the preference of perfect food choice for diabetes, one such arises with Jaggery too. Is Jaggery good for diabetes? Why or why not? Is it as bad as table sugar or somewhere more worthwhile than it?

The queries are many but the answers can be unveiled by analyzing the nutritional profile of Jaggery. This article is all about making you familiar with the exact health impacts of Jaggery, also speculating its role during diabetes.

Nutritional composition of Jaggery

To conclude the health benefits of any food, we need to emphasize its nutritional data. Apart from carbohydrates, Jaggery is also loaded with multiple minerals crucial for several body functions. Some amount of vitamins are also present, particularly vitamin B6 and folates.

Below is the synopsis of nutritional evaluation of jaggery per 10 gram;

  • Calories – 38g
  • Carbohydrates – 9.8g
  • Proteins – 0.01g
  • Water – 0.4g
  • Niacin – 0.011g
  • Vitamin B6 – 0.004mg
  • Folates – 0.1mg
  • Calcium – 8mg
  • Iron – 0.3mg
  • Magnesium – 16 mg
  • Phosphorus –
  • Potassium – 13mg
  • Sodium – 3mg
  • Manganese – 0.01mg
  • Selenium – 0.12mcg

After the thorough analysis of nutritional information, researchers have listed some prominent efficacies of jaggery for better health.

How Is Jaggery Produced

Before pondering over the health-related influences of jaggery, we must get an insight into the process of jaggery production.

Sugarcane jaggery

Jaggery is most commonly made from sugarcane sap. India is the largest producer of Jaggery in the world accounting for 70% of the total production across the globe. There are four basic steps involved in the manufacture of jaggery from sugarcane in large-scale factories;

1. Extraction –

Firstly, sugarcane is crushed between the rollers of the machine to obtain a substantial amount of juice.

2. Clarification –

Next, this freshly extracted juice is allowed to stand in large shallow vessels so that sediments are settled at the bottom leaving behind the clear liquid which is further filtered to get more clear and purified juice.

3. Concentration –

The clear juice is now placed in massive containers with a flat base. The juice is boiled for a couple of hours with constant stirring. This allows impurities to skim off leaving the yellow thickened mass in the containers.

4. Final –

finally, thickened mass or paste is transported to huge molds in which it is allowed to be cooled till it gets hardened forming a dark brown solid which is supplied to markets worldwide. The final product can be light brown sometimes pertaining to the quality of juice or a variety of harvested sugarcane.

Date palm jaggery

Jaggery made from date palm is also equally effective and sweet as the one made from sugarcane. For this, a freshly concentrated sap is tossed from a date palm tree in the early morning hours. This tree sap is laden with many health enriching vitamins and minerals.

How Is Jaggery better than Sugar

Even though the production of jaggery is subjected to intense boiling for a quite long time, yet it is enfolded with numerous minerals and some vitamins yielding countless benefits for health.

The residual molasses left in those large containers are poured into molds while the remaining sugar is further processed, crushed, ground into finer particles and crystallized to get a finishing spec. Certain other chemicals are added to make it more edible.

It is due to this further processing which sugar is made to go through, it loses all the healthy characteristics and does no good to the body except for providing lots of calories.

Jaggery As A Nourishing Wholesome Food

Jaggery, commonly called ‘gur’ in the Hindi language is a traditional sweetener and food supplement in Asian countries. From heartwarming gur ki roti to delightful gur halwa, every delicacy made with this nutritious Jaggery is just mouth-watering.

How can we forget famous Til Laddoo made in Indian households during the Lohri festival specifically in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. ‘Til’ here refers to sesame seeds which when mixed with dry fruits and jaggery make a tongue melting recipe one would crave for, restlessly to eat. Nevertheless, jaggery or ‘gur’ can be eaten raw as such.

Our ancestors knew the unparalleled benefits of eating jaggery during winters for long times. It aids in keeping the body warm. For the same reason, many people prefer adding jaggery in place of sugar while making tea during winters to save themselves from the strikes of chilling cold weather.

Health Benefits Of Jaggery

This wonderful naturally made sweetener offers multifarious health privileges. Despite undergoing through the boiling process for long hours, it tends to retain all the essential nutrients to a pretty appreciable extent.

Antioxidants present in it detoxifies the liver and boost up the immunity. Blood purification is another extended perk we receive. Being rich in iron, it enhances hemoglobin levels of our blood, thereby preventing anemia and other such diseases linked with iron deficiency.

It is the best natural medicine for winters to curb the problem of flu and cold. Zinc and Selenium help the body to fight infections. Surprisingly, jaggery is known to control body weight due to an apparent amount of potassium which is responsible for maintaining the electrolytic balance of the body and also reduces water retention in body cells.

It is a good source of energy for people who had recently recovered from a disease or encountered an accident. Properties like prevention of fatigue, weakness, and pain as well as increased metabolic efficiency are also exhibited.

Women must consume it during periods as it significantly reduces pain and menstrual cramps. In the case of irregular bowel movement, the condition termed as constipation, jaggery consumption is recommended. It leads to the activation of certain necessary digestive enzymes and being diuretic, it assists the regulation of water levels in the body.

It further aids digestion and relieves oxidative stress. Ayurvedic has unleashed and applied the intricate potential of Jaggery in the treatment of lung infections, sores, and bad throat, asthma, and migraines. It is also a good choice for people having high blood pressure as both key minerals – sodium and potassium, which influence blood pressure to enormous range are found in jaggery.

Some Disadvantages Of Eating Jaggery

Everything had two sides – a positive one and a negative one. Similarly, jaggery also brings undesired results when consumed excessively or under inappropriate health conditions. Eating a lot of jaggery is linked to weight gain and obesity.

This is contrary to the former fact that jaggery can result in weight loss. If taken in a considerable amount, it helps to keep the body weight under check. But as we know, going beyond the limits is always disastrous. The outcomes can be another way also.

Obviously, jaggery is mainly carbohydrate and contains plentiful calories which may lead to weight gain. In summers, eating jaggery can result in unusual nasal bleeding. This is probably due to the extreme heat generated in the body.

People with rheumatoid arthritis should strictly avoid taking jaggery in any form. It increases swelling even more under such conditions. Jaggery is completely the worst food to eat in case of ulcerative colitis. This disease affects bowel movement and causes infection of the digestive tract.

The large intestine is badly affected, particularly, colon and rectum. Jaggery consumption during this time can invoke the risk of developing colon cancer. The reasons for this are not so apparent.

Is Jaggery A Good Choice For Diabetes

There is a common misconception among diabetic people that jaggery can be safely replaced with table sugar.  However, this is completely a wrong assertion. In spite of the fact that jaggery is more nutritious than sugar, it still fails to become a healthy choice for diabetes. The reason being that jaggery is also a food with a high glycemic index, having the same amount of carbohydrates as that of table sugar.

The jaggery contains about 65-75% sucrose and affects the physiological functions of the body in the same way as table sugar does. Continuous involvement of jaggery in a diet for a prolonged time can increase the risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes. Even jaggery is rapidly absorbed and released into the bloodstream causing blood sugar spikes.

Therefore, jaggery is strongly prohibited to induce in your diabetic diet. You can definitely use jaggery as a sugar substitute if you are not suffering from diabetes or you are not at the risk of developing diabetes. But in case of ongoing diabetes, it is no less than a toxin. All other health benefits will fade way in front of those elevated blood sugar levels.

Some Safe Alternatives For Table Sugar

Don’t worry if you are diabetic and often have a craving for tasting sweet dishes. There are some reliable sweeteners that you can securely add to your meals.

Raw Organic Honey

Organic honey is indeed a very good sugar substitute for diabetes as it is nurtured with goodness of iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, vitamins along with fewer calories. All this makes it desirable for the consumption by diabetic people.

Coconut Sugar

You can satiate your craving by turning in to coconut sugar instead of table sugar. This has a low glycemic index and contains powerful antioxidants as a bonus benefit.

Cinnamon

It is a common household spice found in almost every kitchen of India. It time to unlock its true latency and fight diabetes in a healthy way. Cinnamon can apparently bring down blood sugar levels and ensure long term control over the same.

Natural sweetening agents

Natural sweeteners like Stevia are really a blessing for diabetic people. Extracted from the plant, Stevia rebaudiana, this sweetening agent is 30 times sweeter than sugar but with no carbohydrates and zero calories. Besides, it regulates blood pressure and exemplifies anti-inflammatory effects on the body.

Artificial sweetening agents

Although, natural sweeteners are mostly given the first preference some safe widely renowned artificial sweeteners are also available at stores worldwide. Among the most popular ones is sucralose, which is 600 times sweeter than sugar but extremely low in calories.

This is marketed under the name of Splenda. Another widely known product is Sugar Twin which is nothing but saccharin. This too contains zero calories and is 500 times sweeter than common sugar.

Natural fruits

One of the most effective and nourishing solution to eradicate the deprivation of sugar in your life is by eating more of diabetes-friendly fruits. Nothing can be more refreshing and energizing than fresh fruits. Apples and strawberries are perfect choices for diabetes. You can also eat up to two servings of mangoes a day. Eating mangoes in higher quantities can prove risky.

Concluding words

As we have seen, jaggery is a boon for the treatment of a wide array of diseases but this doesn’t mean that it cannot be a bain. It is entirely wrong to assume that jaggery can be a good substitute for sugar during diabetes.

There is no positive influence of jaggery over blood sugar levels. Their effects will be resembling those of table sugar. Rather, you must opt for natural sweeteners or if affordable, then artificial sweeteners can also work well. Moreover, jaggery does have some side effects too like any other substance.

It is better than before switching on to anything new, you must either consult a doctor or must take the help of authentic books and guides. In the case of confusion, never leap without having a second thought as most of the perceptions of yours can probably be just a myth.

If you are incapable of consulting a doctor at a moment or do not have any good book with you, always prefer keeping top-rated Android apps that contain appropriate diet charts for diabetes with proper and reliable information.

These are handy to keep and convenient to use. These applications designed specifically for you people can save you from unnecessary hassles by giving you accurate knowledge of particular food at the right time. When you will have the correct knowledge of the facts which will be exact and not just the busted myths, you will definitely able to get a good hold over the disease.

Not to forget, knowledge is power. The power is with you, utilize it at its best and you will be doing pretty fine at building up a successful diabetes management strategy.

Can I drink Milk with Gestational Diabetes?

Can I drink Milk with Gestational Diabetes?

To know if milk can be consumed in gestational diabetes, it is important to understand the concept of gestational diabetes.

Let us have a brief look on the mechanism of gestational diabetes :

Diabetes is the condition where there is high blood sugar levels in the body. Here the body either fails to produce enough insulin or fails to use the available Insulin thoroughly and efficiently for the normal functioning of the body. Insulin plays an effective role as it helps to absorb the glucose present in the bloodstream by the cells to produce energy for the proper functioning of the body. As in diabetes due to improper functioning of insulin the glucose gets accumulated in the body leading to risk factors .

Diabetes that is diagnosed during pregnancy is termed as gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed by a glucose tolerance test. If gestational diabetes is untreated it could lead to many complications to the infant and to the maternal body.

Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is usually done in the later pregnancy .i.e. between the 24th week and 28th week of gestation. This is because the placenta starts producing more and more hormones that interfere with the mother’s insulin, that is making the maternal body insulin resistant.

Various factors raise the risk of a pregnant woman of developing gestational diabetes such as:

  1. Overweight,
  2. Prediabetes,
  3. Family history of type 2 diabetes i.e. brother or sister having type 2 diabetes,
  4. Over age of 25,
  5. Baby who was stillborn
  6. Baby weighing more than 4 kilograms or
  7. Polycistric ovarian syndrome.

Accumulation of blood glucose in the body or untreated gestational diabetes can lead to :

  • Excessive birth weight of the baby,
  • The mother having low blood pressure after birth,
  • Baby having Jaundice after birth.
    Thus, it becomes important to pay extra attention to women with gestational diabetes.

During pregnancy the normal range of glucose level in the body is found to be either below 7.8mmol/D or less than 100mg/DL. Before fasting. Anything greater than 11.0mmol/D or greater than 149mg/DL is termed as gestational diabetes.

To maintain a healthy pregnancy with gestational diabetes a healthy and strict diet plays a key role in achieving a healthy and safe pregnancy, along with regular exercises as it can help reduce blood sugar. All the nutrients that are to be provided to the maternal body and infant should be through natural foods only and not processed.

During gestational diabetes it is very important to know what foods spike up the mothers blood sugar level, for this the blood sugar levels need to be monitored regularly before and after every meal, also it is wise to measure the portion of intake of meal and of all the contents present In the meal before consuming so as to know which food when consumed in which quantity rises the blood sugar levels in the maternal body, if the meal involves any such food that spike up the blood sugar level it is advisable to cut down that particular food or is to be substituted with other nutritious food.

One of the important question that arises is that :If milk can be consumed during gestational diabetes

Milk has it’s own nutritional value that benefits the maternal body and the infant during gestation but for a woman with gestational diabetes it is important to balance the carbohydrate intake throughout the gestation in order to have a healthy pregnancy, intake of carbohydrates should be taken in limited proportions so as to avoid rise in blood sugar levels .

The minimal grams of carbohydrates that can be consumed for a woman with gestational diabetes in a day is 30 to 45 grams for meals and 15 to 30g for snacks. Milk contains nearly 4.8grams of carbohydrates in the form of lactose, lactose is a natural sugar that provides energy to the body .

Therefore for a woman with gestational diabetes it is necessary to measure the carbohydrate intake throughout the day. One glass of milk sums up to nearly 15g of carbohydrates therefore if one glass of milk is to be consumed the rest carbohydrate intake is to be spread throughout the day, drinking too much milk at once can spike the blood glucose level instantly, therefore it is advisable to consume only one glass of milk per day balancing the intake of other carbohydrate content for the day.

It is also necessary to consume carbohydrates per day so as to provide energy to the body, therefore it is necessary to supply the body with its carbohydrate content. Depriving the body of carbohydrate is not advisable rather a balance needs to be maintained between, excessive carbohydrates intake that could spike up the glucose level in the body and between the carbohydrates intake required by the body.

The amount of intake of carbohydrates and the time of intake usually depends on various factors such as; how often you feel hungry, the intensity of your hunger i.e. how hunger you get, blood sugar levels in the body.

Every women’s body is different from the other. Therefore the diet and body type also effects the nutritional value and benefits of milk consumed from woman to woman. Also the rise In blood sugar on consumption of milk may also differ based on factors such as; age, weight medical history and previous pregnancies.

There are various types of milk in the market that can be consumed such as ; soy milk, skimmed milk. Whole milk can be substituted with soy milk or skimmed milk. Although the carb content is same in both skimmed milk and whole milk the fat content and calories content varies, whole milk contains more fat and calories when compared to skimmed milk.

Almond milk is not a carbohydrate source and can help to limit the carbohydrate intake at a particular meal. But it is necessary to pick the unsweetened varieties of these milk in the market to control the carbohydrate intake .

Completely cutting down of carbohydrates is not recommended because the body requires energy for the normal functioning rather selecting a meal with carbohydrate that does not spike up the blood glucose level, should be consumed along with combinations consisting of proteins and fat.

The pregnancy hormones are at its peak, increasing the resistance of insulin making it harder for the body to handle carbohydrate intake in the morning therefore, consumption of milk and other carbohydrate intake should be avoided in the morning and before bed.

Caffeine alone can slightly increase blood sugar level ,therefore coffee is not advisable.

For a woman without gestational diabetes two to three glasses of milk per day is beneficial for the developing infant and maternal body as it provides calcium which is beneficial for the maternal body but for a woman with gestational diabetes the same is not advisable, direct consumption of large quantity of milk at once can spike up the blood glucose level due to the carbohydrate content of milk also this can also exceed the limit of carbohydrate intake for the day.

It also recommended to replace foods with higher glycaemic index by food with lower glycaemic index, but eating of too much of food with low glycaemic index can also cause blood sugar levels to spike.

During gestational diabetes the intake of sugary foods and drinks rich in carbs have to be limited because these spike up blood sugar levels quickly. The carb content should be spread thoroughly throughout  the day.

It is necessary to check on the fat intake too for a woman with gestational diabetes.

Although fats do not contain carbohydrates, they are very calorific so to manage the weight its wise to keep fat intake low.
Hydrating the body efficiently at regular intervals is also very important as this to drains out the excess sugar present in the bloodstream.

Milk has its own nutritional value and is necessary for every woman to consume it during gestation as it is necessary for the right nourishment of the infant, but every women’s body type is different therefore the effects also differ.

To know if milk is safe for consumption for a women with gestational diabetes it is recommended to monitor the blood glucose level before drinking one glass of milk and 1 hour after drinking one glass of milk , one glass of milk contains nearly 15g of carb so if there is any instant rise in blood sugar it is advisable to meet an endocrinologist and obstetrician to avoid any complications.

But for a women with gestational diabetes drinking excessive milk is not advisable due its carbohydrate content as this could spike the glucose level in the body rather one glass of milk per day is considered to be safe and healthy for the infant and the maternal body to meet its daily need of carbohydrate and nourishment.

Best Ayurveda Medicine For Diabetes

Best Ayurveda Medicine For Diabetes

Introduction

Ayurveda has been one of the most sought out medical choice nowadays. Due to lack of harmful side effects, better availability & improved accessibility to medicinal preparations. In olden days, there was limited accessibility due to traditional method of dispensing medicines.  But after the advent of technology, the medicines are available in more palatable form.

Capsules containing medicinal herbs, herbal tonics & liniments for external application are some examples. This improved the acceptance of Ayurvedic medicine among the public & made more people to adopt this treatment system.

Medicines in ayurveda – ancient & modern

In olden days, Ayurvedic physicians followed traditional method of medicine manufacture. So when a patient consults them, they grab the garden fresh herbs & squeeze the juice or make into a paste or make a decoction, based on the requirement of the disease condition.

Diabetes is a common life style disorder these days. To be more precise, the changing dietary habits & inactive lifestyles, consumption of high calorie fast foods like pizzas, burgers, all contributes to the early onset of this disease condition.

As per the studies, there is never a decrease in the incidence of diabetes in near future. The forecast figures are alarming.  This is very distressing & needs quick action.

Ayurveda stresses on systematic way of tackling diabetes. With due consideration of nature of the disease, chronicity of the disease, age of the patient & the seasonal variation.

The medicines are also selected based on the above factors with accordance with the strength of the patient, the constitution of the patient’s body, the digestive capacity of the patient. All these gives a structured or in detail knowledge of the treatment to be adopted.

There isn’t a single medicine for diabetes, there are medicines given in combination found to be effective in subsequent stages of the disease manifestation.

There are lots of potential anti diabetic herbs found very effective both as preventive & in curative aspect. Most people intake such herbs in the form of diet or drinks if they have chances of disease incidence, either hereditary or through their excessive sweet consumption.

Turmeric, ginger, cinnamon, fenugreek , gooseberry, Some of the best medicines are kashaya or decoctions made from medicinal plants or minerals. These kashayas contain not only medicinal plants, purified metals & minerals. The kashayas are prescribed under strict supervision depending upon the type of the patient, disease chronicity, seasonal variation, etc.

There are lot of rules & regulation to be followed when administering such medicines. It also varies from patient to patient. It is known as pathya- apathya. Some of the foods will be contradictory to the treatment or some may interrupt the action of the medicine. So such diet or activities are to be avoided for better relief. An expert physician is very inevitable in choosing & advising patients regarding the entire treatment procedure.

Common kashayas & other medicines

The best medicine for diabetes in Ayurveda is said to be turmeric & Indian gooseberry. This is mentioned in the Astanga Hridaya text book in the context of introducing best medicines for diseases (agryoushadhas) Decoction can be prepared with these2 herbs or medicated water can be prepared. The choice of treatment greatly depends upon the condition of the disease & the patient’s constitution.

Some of the effective kashayas are Nisha katakadhi kashaya(sahasra yogam). As the name suggests, the main ingredient being turmeric, clearing nut,Gymnema, veteveria etc. These herbs are boiled, reduced & filtered.  These are well known for regulating the blood glucose levels & blood purifier. This medicine is practically very effective in prediabetic, chronic diabetic cases, diabetic complications like neuritis. This medicine is also available in tablet forms in the market.

Kataka khadiradi kashaya

This kashaya is also very effective remedy for diabetes & obesity reduction. It contains mainly clearing nut, Acacia catechu,turmeric etc. The powdered herbs are boiled, reduced & filtered. It is highly recommended in complications of diabetes too.

Vidangarajanyadi kashaya –

The medicine is highly recommended in chronic diabetes; it is anti – helminthic in action. If used in excess, it can cause gastric irritation. Depending upon the dosha predominance in subsequent stages of diabetes, the medicine also varies. Choornas or medicated powders found to be effective are Thriphala-lohadi  for internal use & considered very effective in Diabetes (chakradutta)

Nyagrodhadhi choornam

Internal use for all types of Diabetes. It is also indicated for nephrological disorders ( kidney related) There are also ghee preparations like dhanwanthara ghritham its indicated internally for Diabetic ulcers & highly recommended for Diabetes.

Tablet- tryushanadi guggulu, this is very effective in diabetes, but has to be carefully administer ed under strict supervision. For diabetic ulcers. Some treatments are also mentioned like preparing medicated oil with eladi ganam. This is very effective for ulcer healing. This is anti microbial, blood purifier.

Then for internal use Aragwadhadhi kashaya is recommended. This very effective in itching & ulcers too. It removes toxins from the blood

The diet should be given with pippalyadi gana. This is stomachic & digestive. Corrects the metabolic disturbances & aids in proper digestion & absorption. Contraindicated foods are very well explained. These are to be avoided by a diabetic patient. The sweets, jaggery, the oily foods, dairy products. These counteract with the medicines & affect the potency of medicines.

Apart from kashayas, there are medicated powders known as choornas for internal as well as external applications. Externally mostly for washing & cleaning unhealed diabetic ulcers. Internally anti diabetic herbal powders are administered along with warm water.

When to take medicines?

Diabetic treatment differs in different stages.  In primary stages, slight modification in food & lifestyle can bring drastic changes to the body. But if the primary stage is ignored or not taken care of, then it leads to more complications & the treatment becomes complicated or time consuming.

Normally, people are not ready to take treatment in the beginning stages; they keep on neglecting the body symptoms or signs. There are people who are not willing to take  blood tests to assess their blood glucose level. They may reconsider this when they have a fainting episode or something which does not permit them to do their daily activities.

Best medicines are available when you make wise choices. We are the ultimate decision makers. Decision making is very important in Diabetes treatment. From the physician’s point of view, the most apt action decides the cure of the disease. Simultaneously, the patient should also be capable enough to seek the medical advice without delay. All these together constitute a better management for diabetes.

Adequate physical activity is mentioned in Ayurveda along with the medical therapies. Different forms of exercise, such as brisk walking & vigorous physical activities. The lean patients’ are not advised to do rigorous exercises as they lose their strength & it may aggravate disease.

Medicines along with prescribed diet are mandatory. Complete abstinence from eating sweet or high calorie food is extremely recommended.

Some of the anti diabetic drinks include Ginger water, gooseberry water. These are advised to drink intermittently.

Eating raw fruits is more recommended than drinking juices, because fruits contain more fibre content which is beneficial in diabetic condition.

In Ayurveda, treatment of diabetes is a big topic elaborating many medicinal  preparations & diet regulations. Some of them are not practically used, because of scarcity of the herbs & complexity of the process involved.

 

Market of ayurveda medicine – bringing uniqueness in medicines

Nowadays, many herbal manufacturing companies are manufacturing their own medicines by choosing from the literature. They also name it. These are more popular among the public. Because of the better marketing & public are made aware of their products through leaflets, or through web.

There is also a market competition existing among different companies that manufacture diabetic medicines. They come up with new products to capture the market.

They also supply free sample medicines during medical camps which are organized by government or other organizations in order to gain public attention. On the positive side they are serving the patients by bringing unique preparations very different from the traditional ones.

Avoid inactivity, oily foods, weight control, sleeping during day can cause metabolic disturbances especially overweight, excessive sleep can aggravate diabetes.

Mental & sexual health in diabetes

So far we have discussed the management of physical derangements in a diabetic patient. The mental attributes also attain profound changes. Sleep & emotional disturbances are predominantly seen, this may also lead to sexual relationship problems.

This is very common complaint among the diabetic patients. Stress adds on top of it, the person becomes short tempered & slowly experiences isolation. But the patient never realizes the underlying diabetes responsible for this mental derangement. If left untreated it can lead to mental disorders of varying degree.

Now let’s discuss some best methods to tackle mental issues in Diabetic patients. There are therapies to be done externally with medicated herbs. Some of them in practice are shirodhara- pouring & application of medicated oil in the forehead. The oil is retained in the head for some time. Later it’s removed. This can be done along with the ongoing diabetic internal therapies. This is very critical for sleeplessness, reducing stress & improving our senses.

Complications of diabetes & medicine

  Diabetic retinopathy

In severe diabetic cases of more than 5 years, Periodical examination of eye has to be done to prevent or to detect Diabetic retinopathy. If neglected, complete loss of vision occurs. It is termed as Diabetic retinopathy. Washing with thriphala water is commonly done.

Thriphala is a circulatory tonic & have healing effects.  The vision of a diabetic patient deteriorates gradually. By following these eye therapies it can be greatly controlled. Most commonly netra dhara is performed. It nourishes the retinal blood vessels & improves vision.

Anjana is the procedure of applying ointment in eyes. Aschyothana is instilling drops in eye. Either of these are selecting according to the disease & the patient. (https://www.astangayurveda.com/diabetic-retinopathy-ayurvedic-treatment/)

Medicine for diabetic nephropathy

In 40% of the diabetic patients, Nephropathy or kidney related complications are found. If not treated properly, kidney failure occurs. Usually, high albumin in urine is seen in patients. In this case, punarnavadi kashaya is found to be effective. It is diuretic & nephrotonic by eliminating the deposited waste in the blood. Tablets like Chandraprabha vati are also administered.

Medicine – diabetic nephropathy

As the time progresses, the diabetic patients develops neuropathy which involves impaired sensation, pain, tingling or burning in arms, legs. Erectile dysfunction, dry vaginas are associated with this. If the diabetic person is over 40 years, he is very prone to develop diabetic neuropathy.

Some of the common remedies are castor oil- Its best for local external application in feet or in affected areas. Ginger drink is an amazing option, it relieves indigestion & it’s a neural tonic. Fennel seeds can also be taken by boiling in water; it improves metabolism & it is nervine.

Ashwagandha is advised to relieve neurological disorders & improves the overall wellbeing of the body. (https://nirogam.com/causes-neuropathy-diabetes-patients/)

Experts opine that the complications of diabetes are more severe than the disease itself. In long term it causes multi system damage.

An integrated approach is sometimes employed by incorporating western medical systems with Ayurveda. This methodology yields good results.

Role of yoga & meditation as a medicine

Yoga also forms an integral part of treatment. Pranayama is very effective in neuropathies & retinopathies. It improves the blood flow to nerves & the retinal blood vessels. Various forward bending yogic postures like Paschimottaanasana have remarkable effects. Practicing yoga on a daily basis rejuvenates the cells. It has impact on body & mind.

Meditation of any kind is also equally important to practice.  Mental instability can be corrected by bringing equilibrium. It’s also a one stop solution for stress, behavioral disturbances associated with diabetes.

Conclusion

Practical applications of the potential diabetic medicines are described in detail. Followed by the management of diabetes complications. Here in diabetes, complications are to be dealt with much caution than the disease itself.

Reference

  1. https://nirogam.com/causes-neuropathy-diabetes-patients/

Accessed on 12/Dec/2019

  1. https://www.astangayurveda.com/diabetic-retinopathy-ayurvedic-treatment/

Accessed on 13/Dec/2019

Is cucumber good for diabetes?

Is cucumber good for diabetes?

Diabetes is the condition where the blood sugar in the body is accumulated, here the hormone insulin fails to absorb the blood sugar in the bloodstream resulting in high concentration of blood sugar in the body. Glucose acts as a fuel in the human body for the normal functioning of it.

Diabetes can be a result of various factors:

Based on reasons of occurrence, diabetes can be classified into:

Type1:

In this, one’s own immune starts destroying the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. This could be either due to influence of virus or other genetic factors. Type1 diabetes comes under the list of autoimmune diseases. Type1 diabetes is usually not under one’s own control .i.e. it cant be prevented

Type2:

In this either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to absorb the blood sugar present in the bloodstream or fails to utilise the available insulin thoroughly and effectively or in other words the body becomes insulin resistant. Type2 diabetes can be a result of lifestyle factors or genetic factors and obesity. Type2 diabetes can be prevented if opted for a healthy living.

Prediabetes is a condition where the level of blood sugar in the body is high but not sufficiently high enough to be diagnosed as type2 diabetes. Diabetes can hit anyone at any stage of life, but on a positive note it can be controlled by following a healthy diet routine, and exercises.

A healthy diet routine mainly focuses on a meal rich in proteins, fibers and with a low carb content. Planning the proper intake of carb is the key to control spikes in blood sugar levels and to prevent risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases and stroke.

The minimum carb intake recommended for a diabetic patient is 45g to 65g for a meal and nearly 15g to 30g for snacks. A diet involving 20 to 50 g of carb intake can, not only help to achieve low blood sugar levels but also reduce the risks of heart diseases.

Carbohydrates can mainly be of two types:

1. Simple carb and

2. Complex Carb

Simple carbs are broken down quickly and digested easily by the body, this could spike up blood sugar levels in the body immediately, while on the other hand, Complex carbs take more time to be digested by the body when compared to simple carb, although both simple and complex carb are converted to glucose to be used as fuel for the functioning of the body.

Thus, complex carbs are advisable for a diabetic patient as this does not spike up blood glucose as much as in case of simple carbs. Also complex carbs keeps the body energised for a longer period, this makes the person to feel full for a longer time.  Vegetables are known for their nutritional benefits. One among them is cucumber.

 

 Cucumber for a diabetic patient??

Cucumber Seeds are known to be rich in a wide range of phytonutrients, that includes both carotenoids and flavonoids.

  • Benefits of carotenoids to human health:

They protect the body from diseases and enhances the immune system.

  • Benefits of flavonoids to human health:

Flavonoids reduce many of the risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases, stroke etc. Cucumbers also help to reduce the problems related to regulation of high blood sugar levels. Prolonged high blood sugar levels in the body can lead to excessive production of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and reactive carbonyl species(RCS)

  • An increase in the production of reactive oxygen species can damage the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid ) and

RNA( ribonucleic acid) or result in cell death.

  • An increase in the production of reactive carbonyl species results in pathological disorder or accelerates aging.

Consumption of cucumber controls the overproduction of both ROS and RCS. Cucumber is rich in water content and contains nearly 95% of water.

Staying hydrated is one of the most important step in diabetes to prevent accumulation of glucose in the body .i.e. water drains out the excess blood sugar from the body, high level of blood sugar can increase the risk of dehydration to a diabetic patient.

Prolonged Dehydration in a diabetic patient can lead to kidney damage or can cause nerve damage. Also hydration can result in weight loss, which in turn again reduces the chance of acquiring diabetes due to obesity

Cucumber is nutritionally beneficial as it contains nutrients like potassium and magnesium that keeps the body hydrated. For a diabetic too much of starch intake can spike up the blood sugar level instantly  therefore opting for food with no starch or less starch content is advisable

Cucumber is a non starchy vegetable thus, consumption of it in any quantity does not spike up the blood sugar level in the body.  Foods with high glycaemic index is not recommended for a diabetic patient as it spikes the blood sugar levels.

A food with low glycaemic index is recommended for a diabetic patient. Any food with glycaemic index less than 55 is considered as low . Foods with low glycaemic index are slowly digested and absorbed thus not causing spikes in blood sugar level.

The glycaemic index of cucumber is 15, therefore intake of cucumber is beneficial to a diabetic patient as it does not spike up the blood sugar level.

  • Cucumber is low in carb content, one glass of freshly chopped cucumber contains nearly 4g of carbohydrate therefore, consumption of cucumber is highly advisable.

Cucumber contains a profitable amount of  fiber nearly 2 to 3%. It Contains profitable amount of both soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber slows down the absorption of blood sugar thus, improvises the blood sugar levels, while The insoluble fiber reduces the risk of developing type2 diabetes, this can be a boon for people with Prediabetes.

Cucumber is diabetic friendly.

Salads are a great snack to munch on for a diabetic patient. Especially a salad that contains vegetables such as cucumber, broccoli, and tomatoes. To maximize the benefits of cucumber, it should be consumed unpeeled.

Cucumber peel and seeds are the most nutritional part of a cucumber. A peeled cucumber loses some of its nutritional value. Cucumber peel is in rich in dietary fibres, which again, improvises the blood sugar levels in the body.

As far as the cucumber is organic .i.e. free of pesticides. It is highly advisable to consume unpeeled cucumbers. Peeling a cucumber peels of its nutritional value as well.

Therefore cucumber turns out to be a boon to people with diabetes . Cucumber can be consumed without any fear of spikes in blood sugar levels, rather cucumber reverses the risks associated with diabetes.

Thus, intake of cucumber in daily basis improvises the regulation of blood glucose and also reduces the risks related to diabetes. The nutritional value of cucumber is beneficial and is recommended to all types of diabetic patients.

Glycemic Index Of Jowar, Ragi and Other Common Indian Flours

Glycemic Index Of Jowar, Ragi and Other Common Indian Flours

Introduction

Diseases are the bi-product of our lifestyle changes. There is an alarming sign that we see a lot of Diabetic patients around us, likewise other disease conditions also. Talking about diabetes, we cannot exclude the term, Glycemic Index.

In simple words, the Glycemic index can be explained as the measurement of glucose release after the intake of carbohydrate-containing food. In other words, it is a carbohydrate ranking based on its impact on blood glucose levels. This is necessary to determine the type of food taken on a daily basis.

Significance

The GI helps the health consultants, doctors, nutritionists to design a specialized menu for persons with diabetes or other specific illnesses. This allows them to include the necessary nutrients & also limiting disease-causing dietary factors.

As flours form the basic ingredients of breakfasts like pancakes, different breads, cakes, wraps, pizza & what not?

GI is a very efficient tool in understanding the safe intake of our favorite foods. In India, the southern part is more known to use rice flour & white flour-based or Maida recipes. This includes white rice flour or brown rice flour. Most of the traditional or authentic foods are flour-based like chapatti, rotis, naan, etc.

What about the rest of the world population? Pasta, noodles, spaghetti etc are members of the same flour family. In different parts of the world, people rely mostly on flour-based staple foods. For this reason, it is relevant to estimate the GI of food items more on a preventive basis. More & more studies are done as the food culture is changing day by day. People are interested in exploring the variety of foods, unlike olden days.

The food chains are also creating a great market for rising demands & to attract more & more customers. Health is always compromised for pleasure.

According to the Glycemic Index Foundation, there are roughly three classes:

For a full day diet, the glycemic indices are as follows;

Above 60 onwards, it is high. Range value of 46-59 is medium & last but not least, below 45 is low. According to other experts, 70-100, it’s categorized under high GI, 1-55 as low, 56-69 as middle range.

This makes the topic of discussion more clear. Let’s discuss some of the commonest flours. It is very important to know the uses of the flour when analyzing the glycemic index. The flour when undergone processing or when transformed into various food items, the glycemic indices also varies. So we have to be more aware of the processing or the end food product that finally goes to our stomach.

Soya flour

The ground soya beans are a rich source of plant protein. It also contains dietary fiber, minerals as well as vitamins. This flour is used to thicken curries, & in baking to a wide extend. So many delicious dishes are prepared from the same. The Glycemic index is around 25 which falls in the low category, but there are possibilities for raising sugar levels.

This greatly depends upon the product we make out of the flour. This is very important for female health also. Soya is found to have phytoestrogens, which has cardiac protective properties. Usually for women, after menopause, it’s a good choice to include in their diet. As per the South African glycemic index foundation, the GI of soy flour is <20 for the I cup unit. The total carbohydrate is 16 grams. The net content is 10grams, this is for a half cup flour.

Where to buy Soya flour?

You can buy good quality soya flour from this Amazon seller

Chickpea flour or Besan/ garbanzo flour

Common flour we use daily. This is an abundant source of protein & plant fiber. The consistency itself defines the nutrient contents. It forms the main ingredient in snacks. Pizza crusts, nuggets or pakodas taste rich if made using chickpea flour. The flour is used in sauces & soups to thicken.

The glycemic index is around 44. As per SA GI Foundation, GI for 1 cup unit is <40 precisely. The total carbohydrate content is 34.1grams. The net content is 30.1grams for a half cup flour

Whole wheat flour

It contains GI around 69, medium value. This contains fiber. It’s the main ingredient in cookies, pastries exclusively for diabetic persons.

It’s also the best substitute when making bread or rotis of any kind. This can be used as per your choice when planning your menu. It can give whole grain to your body, total carbohydrate is 54grams, and net content is 44grams for a half cup.

All-purpose flour

It contains whole grain with a lot of protein & fiber content. The GI is relatively very high up to 85. It is white & used widely in baking muffins, cupcakes. It also contains a good amount of vitamins & minerals. It is always healthy to substitute some portion of whole wheat flour with all-purpose flour during baking or making Rotis.

White rice flour

This flour is a common ingredient in South Indian cuisines. The breakfast menu mostly comprises of rice flour dishes. The GI is around 72, which is high. It contains carbohydrates mainly. Most commonly dosas or pancakes are the main recipes. There are also steamed rice cakes made with this flour. The GI for 1 cup unit is<40. The total carbohydrate is 63.3grams, net content being 62grams for a half cup.

Tapioca or cassava flour-

This is mainly used for thickening sauces & gravies. It’s also widely used as a coating in fried snacks because of its crunchiness. In South American cuisine, it’s used in preparing juices to enhance thick rich consistency.

The GI is around 67- in mid-range to high. It is used in baking to enhance softness. The total carbohydrate content is 56.4grams; net content is 54.2 grams for half cup flour. This can be a healthy choice when making steam cakes instead of using rice flour. We can make our favorite drinks by adding fresh fruits. Puddings are also another delicacy.

Brown rice flour

It contains vitamins & minerals. The GI is in range of 62, middle range. For 1 cup unit contains GI <40. The total carbohydrate content is 60.4grams; net carbohydrate content is 56.8grams for half cup flour.

The golden brown color of the flour can be utilized effectively if used as baking flour for cupcakes along with the common flours. It contains an abundant amount of B vitamins & minerals.  Rice cakes can be made by mixing more brown flour with less white flour. It gives a healthy & rich flavor.

Jowar or Sorghum flour

The Glycemic index of Jowar is scientifically calculated as 62 for the whole sorghum floor & 64 for pearled sorghum. The burgundy sorghum flour is found to have GI – 66, & Whole grain White sorghum flour is found to have GI to a range of 70. It is free of gluten & contains large amounts of protein & fiber. This is used in baking in preparing crusts for pies, cakes, bread, etc.

Ragi /finger millet flour

This is commonly known by the name millet flour. For 1 cup unit, the GI is <40. It is a powerhouse of vitamins & minerals with fiber. While other millets such as foxtail, little, finger & pearl fall in the range of 54- 68. It falls in the mid to high range.

Ragi flour when transformed or processed into different foods can elevate blood sugar. So it has to be taken with caution.

Factors affecting GI

The biological constitution of the person is a major factor. Every person’s biological responses differ to same foods. The consumption rate is another important parameter. The amount of food consumed at a particular time varies. The composition of nutrients in the food. The processing has undergone also has a great impact on GI. The glycemic index is directly related to the net carbohydrate content & fiber content. Higher carb- low fiber-high GI.

Can you believe this?

Now let’s see something very interesting. GI value Zero is something that we look forward. Introducing some flours with GI, zero. They are Flaxseed, Walnut flour, and Almond flour

Flours like walnut & almond flour are high in plant fiber & recommended when you initiate a meal menu for weight management or diabetes. These can be used in baking, pancakes, or in salads to add crunchiness without fear. They have good lipids or fats. They are expensive though.

Flaxseed flour is a reservoir of good fat. They enhance the beauty in a person by strengthening nails, complexion to the skin enhances hair growth too.

Oat flour

These are made by crushing oats in a blender. Its mainly used in cookies, oats dosa, pancakes, oat nuggets with veggies, or minced (ground) meat. Normally it’s taken in a grain form as a drink or as porridge.

But you can also make these delicious items with oat flour. Substituting oat flour is yet another choice for baking making it double crunchy. It has a safe GI of 44 with total carb- 34grams & net carb-30grams- half cup. It is highly recommended flour as a meal planner & also for the disease-specific menu.

Coconut flour

It has become common nowadays, due to the availability in local stores & markets.  It has a low GI of 51 with total carb being 38grams& net carb 28grams. Researches prove that it is ideal for diabetes.

Once in a while try coconut flour for some amazing recipes, you won’t regret it. The flavor is so unique as well as delicious. Unlike other flours, it possesses a good aroma & economical also. Don’t forget to add to your healthy menu from today!

Corn flour

This is the fine ground corn with bran & endosperms, containing good fiber in flours. They contain GI 70; can be categorized under the middle range, closer to higher. A lot of healthy recipes are made by adding other ingredients.

In Latin American countries, they make snacks out of it. They are steamed to make delicious cakes wrapped in corn leaves known as humitas flavored with raisins & nuts. They blend corn & make a batter to make healthy pancakes also. Sometimes they stuff vegetables or meat within the steamed cakes. These are unique delicacies that we can try out & treat others.

Barley flour

Barley whole grain is a common cereal. Flour is made by grinding the grain.  The GI lies between 53-66- middle range. It contains 55grams total carb & 48grams net carb. This can be used as base flour for making rolls, cakes, and sheets.

This also can be an alternative to the common flours we use today for baking our favorite foods. This is very effective to increase urinary output & hence to remove fluid retention in our body. In short, it clears the channels of the body by enhancing waste removal. So if you love to be healthy, add this to your menu from today.

Semolina flour

The GI value is 44, which is in low range. It has a total carb 61 grams & net carb of 57grams. The yellow color of the flour itself makes it attractive. It can be used as pizza crusts or crusts for pies. Healthy desserts can also be made by adding your favorite fruits & nuts. Pancakes are also healthy choices.

Crunch bars topped with dried apricots or nuts are the best breakfast choices. These are some of the practical ways in which you can include such healthy ingredients to your daily menu.

Flours when transformed into sourdough reduce the Glycemic index. This method is more reliable for healthy baking

Conclusion

All these flour with the glycemic index values gives us better know-how of how much sugar goes into our body. This analysis has to be made to adjust or tailor our food habits & reduce the chance of any forthcoming diseases. All these flours form the common ingredient of our daily foods either in the form of breakfast or lunch or snacks. The Glycemic index is very relevant when talking about Diabetes. Most of us wish to prevent or arrest the further progression of the existing disease. This simple information can give good insights for your healthy life.

References

  1. https://www.verywellhealth.com/glycemic-index-chart-for-common-foods-1087476

Best Indian food for diabetes control

Best Indian food for diabetes control

Breakfast is the kick start of our day. Breakfast is very much essential for all the metabolic activities and normal functioning of the body.

Breakfast is the main food of the day and a great chance for a diabetic to control the blood sugar regulation in the body. A proper breakfast with fiber and protein in it eliminates any sudden rise in blood sugar. Dietary strategy is a key to healthy diet.

One should know what should be consumed in what quantity to maintain proper blood sugar levels. The secret to a healthy living for a diabetic patient is diet. Food plays the most crucial role In the life of a diabetic patient. Following a food with low carb content and a good amount of fiber and protein is beneficial.

A healthy lifestyle not only controls diabetes but also eliminates the risks linked with diabetes. Diet and exercise are the two main keys for a healthy lifestyle. Lack of knowledge about food habits when it comes diabetes can turn out to be harmful and can have a negative impact on the diabetic.

The following things should be kept in mind with respect to the diet of a diabetic patient:

  • Protein and fiber rich food
  • Low carb content
  • Foods with low glycaemic index.

It is necessary to choose food with low glycaemic index as they release the glucose into the bloodstream at a very slow pace, thereby regulating the blood sugar in the body .

Researchers recommend:

20 to 30grams of protein intake at breakfast 28 to 30g of carbohydrates intake, and Approximately 3 to 4grams of fiber intake is recommended for a diabetic patient, To ensure proper blood sugar regulation without any sudden spikes in blood sugar level. Healthy food which do not spike the blood glucose level in the body should be the main dietary aim for a diabetic patient.

Here is the list of Indian breakfast for a diabetic patient:

1. Besan ka chilla

Besan is rich In protein and fiber content which is highly beneficial for a diabetic patient. Besan ka chilla has low glycaemic index . The glycaemic  index of besan ka chilla is nearly 10. Besan ka chilla contains soluble fiber, soluble fiber slows down the absorption of sugar this property of soluble fiber ensures there is no sudden rise in blood sugar also soluble fiber reduces the risks of heart related diseases linked with diabetes. Besan ka chilla contains nearly 18grams of protein and 4grams of fiber. Making it a great breakfast for a diabetic.

2. Eggs

Eggs are a brilliant source of protein, and proteins are very much essential for the normal  functioning of the body, proteins are much slowly broken down into sugar when compared to carbohydrates.

Thus, intake of protein rich food ensures slower absorption of sugar and do not cause any spikes of glucose level in the body, it also helps in the regulation of blood sugar in the body. It is necessary to consume a whole rather than just the white as the yolk holds more nutritional value. One egg contains nearly 6grams of protein. But limiting the intake of 4 to 5 eggs a week is recommended

3. Oats

Oats turns out be one of the great option for people with diabetes. Oats has low glycaemic index and are digested and absorbed slowly by the body. Instant oats are broken down quickly and are digested much faster than unprocessed oats.

Thus unprocessed oats do not cause any spikes in blood sugar level, they regulate the blood sugar in the body and reduce the risks of heart related diseases linked with diabetes due to its soluble fibre content.

One cup of oatmeal contains nearly 6grams of protein and 4grams of fiber.

Oatmeal served with some almond toppings is also a great option because of the nutritional value of both oats and almonds.  Almonds alone turns out to have a great nutritional value and helps to reduce the rise in sugar levels.

Rather almonds alone are a great snack to munch on. Oats idlis and oats dosa are also great ways of serving oats to a diabetic patient.

4. Sprouts

Sprouted grains are nutrient rich in comparison to other grains. Sprouts are protein and fiber rich with a low carb content. One cup of sprouts contains nearly 3 to 4 grams of protein and nearly 4 to 5% of fiber .i.e. nearly 1g.

The carbohydrate content in them decreases by 9 to 10% on sprouting. This additional property of sprouts makes it a greater option for a diabetic patient. To make it more tastier to consume, sprouts can be served in may ways without decreasing its nutritional value. They can be served in many ways such as:

  1. Sprouts dhokla, cucumber mixed sprouts, cucumbers mixed bean sprouts etc.

2. Sprouted bread is also a great substitute over wheat breads.

5. Methi

Methi is again a great option for people with diabetes. Methi is rich In soluble fiber .Soluble fiber  slows down the digestion and absorption of glucose in the body.

One cup of methi contains nearly 41grams of protein and 44grams of fiber. Methi can be served in various ways without reducing its nutritional value rather can be made more nutritious in the form of methi poha it can be served as paranthas as well.

6. Milk

Milk in itself Is known for its nutritional value. Milk when consumed with cereals nourishes the body with all the required nutrients essential for its functioning, also milk makes the person feel full for a longer time and reduces unhealthy cravings.

Drinking milk in the morning ensures slower digestion of carbohydrates thereby maintains low blood sugar levels in the body. Skimmed milk contains nearly 8 to 9grams of protein. Consumption of milk as a part of breakfast Is a great choice for a diabetic.

7. Ragi malt

Ragi is known to be a great source of good carbohydrates. Complete cut down of carbohydrates is not recommended to any diabetic patient rather the intake of carbs need to be limited but carbs are a important part of the diet to ensure the normal functioning of the body.

Ragi is a good substitute over rice and wheat . Ragi is rich in fiber which helps In weight loss management also the fiber content slows down the process of digestion and absorption which in turn maintains the blood sugar level in the body. Ragi contains nearly 5 to 8% of protein and, 15 to 20% of fiber. Thus, sugarless ragi malt is also a good option for a diabetic.

Skipping breakfast leads to unhealthy rise in blood sugar levels which in turn increases the risks linked with diabetes such as heart diseases, stroke and obesity. Therefore a healthy breakfast is very much essential to ensure a healthy lifestyle, which in turn is beneficial for a diabetic.

Does Drinking Water Help In Gestational Diabetes ?

Does Drinking Water Help In Gestational Diabetes

Water is a magnificent thing when it comes to health and fitness. As of diabetes, it is no less than an elixir. Never underestimate it’s potential to curb certain health hazards. I repeat, NEVER!

The frequently searched question across various search engines is, “does drinking water help in diabetes?”.

Yes, it definitely can. It helps you much more than you think of. Water greatly favors the overall health of an individual. It is responsible for maintaining the osmotic and ionic balance of our body. Kidneys essentially need it to flush out all the excretory products.

It plays many more roles than just satiating our thirst. Not to forget, it is the savior of life on this planet. Okay, so let’s narrow down our focus solely on the topic of gestational diabetes and how drinking water helps in gestational diabetes.

Gestational diabetes statistics in India are closely parallel to that of type 2 diabetes. This is not so surprising because the people with type 2 diabetes are more at risk of developing gestational diabetes during their pregnancy.

However, even if a woman appears to be non-diabetic before gestational term, she can still fall prone to gestational diabetes. There are some common conditions which pave way for a person to be diagnosed with diabetes during pregnancy;

  • Being over the age of 25
  • Being overweight or obese
  • Being prediabetic
  • High blood pressure prior to pregnancy
  • Expectancy for twins
  • Ongoing type 2 diabetes during pregnancy

There are some critical complications linked with gestational diabetes which you need to avoid. The prime goal for treating gestational diabetes lies in preventing those complications to occur. These involve;

  • Having an oversized baby – macrosomia
  • Conditions not favoring normal delivery – cesarean delivery
  • Reducing birth defects like disfigured mouth and underdeveloped brain.
  • Avoid rising of blood pressure – preeclampsia.
  • The child might sustain some injuries during parturition – shoulder dystocia.
  • Miscarriages and stillbirths.

The symptoms of gestational diabetes are more or less similar to the ones experienced in type 2 diabetes.

  • Frequent urination
  • Tiredness and fatigue
  • Excessive thirst
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Weightloss
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Sleeping disorders

Water and gestational diabetes

Drinking water is one of the best parts of your routine, not only in diabetes but every time. Moreover, pregnant women are advised to drink extra water during the term.

If we elicit our common sense, we all know water is a tasteless substance. It does not contain any kind of carbohydrates or sugars which can destabilize our blood sugars. Therefore, one thing is crystal clear that water is going to have absolutely no effect on our blood sugar levels.

But wait, this doesn’t mean it cannot help us in fighting against diabetes. In fact, drinking a lot of water even when you are perfectly fine keeps your digestive system healthy by excreting out all the waste from the body with great ease.

When you are diabetic, dehydration causes sugars yo accumulate and get concentrated rising up the levels drastically. To prevent this from happening, you need to keep yourself fully hydrated all the time. All the excess sugar present in your bloodstream will be flushed out by the water.

Water assists kidneys to eliminate the waste and flush it out of your body in a timely effective manner, thereby, reducing the chances for a number of disorders to occur. For the expectant mothers who are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, drinking 8 ounces of 200 ml of water must be a daily habit.

This habit needs to be rigidly inculcated by whoever is reading this. We are recommending it for the best of the best health of you and your future child.

Which other drinks are worth drinking in gestational diabetes

Seeing beyond water, we have compiled a list of healthy drinks you must consider consuming during the term, especially if your reports signify diabetes. We have kept in mind that you are both an expectant mother as well as diabetic too. Your diet needs beverages, other than water to blissfully comply with both the conditions.

1. Lemonade –

This means a combination of lemon juice and water. You can add a pinch of black salt to enhance the taste. This drink rejuvenates your body and no doubt, vitamin C does a lot of wonders for you.

2. Protein drinks –

you need to increase protein intake of your body during gestation. Your nutrients are now also shared with your growing baby through the placenta. It’s obvious you need more nutrients than normal.

All those physiological changes happening throughout the reproductive system from the maintenance of healthy uterus to increased lactation in breasts, everything needs an apt amount of proteins.

3. Milk –

With its innumerable nutritional properties, milk is undoubtedly the best choice for gestational diabetes. No one needs to be introduced to the countless health perks offered by dairy milk. It is often seen that elders in the family of expectant women also advise them to have a glass of milk with saffron and almonds during pregnancy. This is a great practice.

4. Apple cider vinegar –

Apple cider is the most sought-after drink for people with any kind of diabetes. Gestational diabetes is not at all an exception here. The most notable property of this drink lies in its ability to slow down the release of sugars in the bloodstream. This is exactly what you need for your body during diabetes.

5. Raspberry leaf tea –

Although light amounts of sweet tea and green tea are also preferable. But raspberry leaf tea has something exceptional to offer you during pregnancy. The leaves are bestowed with a natural compound called fragarine which has remarkable characteristics to strengthen the pelvic muscles.

This in turn aid your pregnancy health-giving your womb a strong and healthy environment. Other opulence includes the presence of antioxidants which are known to reduce nausea and vomiting. Women who consume this tea during menstruations also felt relieved from cramps and pains. It’s indeed the best choice to include in your lifestyle especially during the incubation period.

Which drinks should be avoided during gestational diabetes

Now, hovering on to the drinks which are the worst choice for women who have developed diabetes during pregnancy.

1. Alcohol –

Often in parties and other such celebratory occasions, people commonly go for alcohol consumption.
But during your term, even if you are not diabetic, you ought to avoid taking up all sorts of alcoholic beverages. This really has bad effects on your baby.

2. Bottled Juices –

We have been repeating this quite often. Bottled juices should be kept at a far distance when you’re going through diabetic medication. They come with empty calories only meant for sweet taste through added sweeteners and no single benefit is ever conferred to you.

3. Soda and candies –

These are also included among the unhealthy drinks for diabetic folks. The extra added sugars in them will take no time to rise up your blood sugar levels to disastrous heights.

4. Caffeinated drinks –

Anything that contains caffeine needs to be avoided. This can be coffee or whatever else you might prefer drinking till now. All that stuff has to be put to a haul.

Few bits of advice for a healthy pregnancy during gestational diabetes

We want to make one thing clear, admits all the negatives, there always exists a positive. You need to shift your focus on that. Since you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you need to look out for better curing options rather than panicking over your situation. There are some tips you can follow for ensuring a good and healthy well being of yours and your growing little angel.

FOOD: All what you eat matters a lot

Take a chart paper, write down all the vegetables and fruits that are considered healthy during gestational diabetes and paste that chart in your room. Note down the proper time to eat that particular food too (if any). All green vegetables are going to be part of your lifestyle, at least till the time of childbearing.

You cannot think of neglecting them if we glare at the abundant benefits that they bring along. It’s no less than a blessing. Vegetables list must also add peas and carrots. These prove to be very fruitful at the moment. Try to include complex carbohydrates like millets, whole grains, etc. in your meals.

On the other hand, simple/refined carbohydrates like white rice, white bread, and other such stuff have to be limited. Best fruits during time would be apple, oranges, dry fruits like avocados and nuts.

Exercise: Yoga, meditation and many more

Yoga is a heart of Indian Ayurvedic culture. There are numerous yoga practices and poses. Each disease is cured with specific yoga asana performed and taught by specialists and professionals.

Even brisk walking for 30 minutes in natural surroundings can refresh you with the solacing mindset and revived energy. There are swimming classes and gyms built especially for expectant mothers.

Weight loss is an essential element of the treatment of gestational diabetes. Obese women face more hardships during labor. Options are vast, the choice is all yours. All we want to say is exercise helps a lot to recover and fight any disease, particularly the one we are discussing. It promotes a healthier pregnancy for sure.

DEALING WITH SOMOGYI EFFECT: Low blood sugar in the morning

It is a very common observation. You may experience low blood sugar levels in the morning after waking up despite being diagnosed with gestational diabetes. Don’t worry, it’s not a chaotic consequence and can be tackled down easily. Just have a bowl of sugar-free greek yogurt before going to bed. Your sugar levels will be maintained well by the morning.

 Regular Check-Ups: A stitch in time saves nine

Gestational diabetes generally augments during the 24th week of pregnancy. You get sufficient time to turn the circumstances to your side. Many troubles can be kept away through continuous checkups and prenatal care plan routines.

Keep in touch with your gynecologist regularly. Build up an effective communication and clear all your dilemmas at the earliest schedule possible. Keep a close check at your sugar levels too. Maintain a record of your readings along with the kind of food you ate.

Moreover, you can notice what effect the particular food is having on your blood glucose levels. You will come to know about foods that are favoring your health the most. Then, make your diet chart accordingly with better clarity.

If any kind of obscurity is observed with the glucometer readings, you will be able to deal with it in minimal duration. This is the advantage you receive through regular monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Build up a optimistic environment: Let the positive vibes surround you

Inner peace of mind is like a cherry on the cake. The cake which you are making through your persistent efforts to mock down the disease. This cake will be ready once you conquer the disease blissfully, after the healthful childbirth.

A healthy mind synergizes a healthy body. Most of the people often seem to be panic and depressed with the thought of their disease. But happiness matters. It is as important as medicines. Not to forget, laughter is the best medicine. Everything will go even better once you develop a positive mindset.

Concluding words

We very well understand the fact that pregnancy already imposes a huge burden of responsibilities on you. Plus, on top of that, getting to hear that you have developed diabetes too. It’s a bit scaring and daunting thing. But, in the last what all matters are your mindset and will power. “Where there is will, there is a way” is a very rightly quoted dictum. We already mentioned a wide plethora of ways to curtail all the possible complications that gestational diabetes puts forward.

Drinking a lot of water helps you to a great extent. You can also involve all the other beverages mentioned, undoubtedly. Do not take hydration of the body for granted. Ignoring it will make things worsen in ample ways.

Hydration is the key to well-governed blood sugar levels. This can be enhanced by providing the body appreciable amount of vitamin C and other beneficial nutrients through preferable drinks.

You now know very well what all is recommendable for you. If still not sure, go through the article once again to get a proper picture of it. You will be having a perfectly fine baby. Just be positive. Wishing to see you in the pink of health, always.

Which vegetables are good for diabetes?

Which vegetables are good for diabetes?

According to a recent research conducted during 2015 to 2019 nearly 30 million of the population in India have been diagnosed with diabetes. In rural areas it’s about 3% of the total population and about 9% of the total population in urban areas.

India is known to have the highest death rates with respect to diabetes. Diabetes is a leading health issue in India.When it comes to diabetes no single food can help control diabetes or risk factors linked with diabetes. Diabetes can affect any age group and there are various risk factors linked with diabetes such as heart diseases stroke and obesity.

Having diabetes need not stop you from consuming foods of your choice rather the food of your choice should be enriched with fibers, proteins and nitrates that can help you maintain ideal blood sugar level, An ideal meal for a diabetic patient should be low on glycaemic index . The glycaemic index of the food measures the degree of rise in blood sugar level due to the carb content it has In it .

Foods with glycaemic index less than 55 are as low glycaemic index. Such foods are ideal for a diabetic patient as they do not cause any spikes in blood sugar levels. Foods with high glycemic index must be replaced with foods on low glycemic index.

Foods with low glycemic index ensure a slower digestion and absorption of blood sugar which in turn does not lead to any sudden spike in blood sugar levels. The goal of a diabetic should be to achieve stable glucose level in the body. Vegetables holds the highest nutritional value and benefits . This article mainly focuses of vegetables that are best for a diabetic patient .

Here are some of the diabetic friendly veggies:

1. Carrots

Carrot is a non starchy vegetable . Non starchy vegetables have a lesser impact on blood sugar levels in the body. Raw carrots have lesser effect on glucose levels than cooked.

The glycaemic index of raw carrot is lesser than glycaemic index of cooked carrot. The glycaemic index of raw carrot is 16 and that of a cooked carrot is 41. Carrots contain nearly 2.8% of fiber, and rich in vitamin C. The soluble fiber enables slower digestion and absorption which lowers blood sugar levels in the body .

2. Green peas

Green peas are rich in protein and fiber content. The glycaemic index of green peas is 22 and that of frozen green peas is 39. Green peas again have a low calorie content, overweight being a risk factor linked with diabetes, low calorie foods help lose weight which prevent overweight.

For a diabetic overweight can lead to irregular blood sugar levels. Half to one cup of green peas contains nearly 4grams of fiber and 4grams of proteins. Fiber slows down digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the body which in turn enables a stable blood sugar regulation in the body. Also the mineral content of green peas such as potassium, calcium, and magnesium lowers the risk of heart diseases linked with diabetes.

3. Tomatoes

For a diabetic monitoring daily carb intake is the key . Tomatoes are non starchy and have a low carb content.  Adding to its nutritional value, tomatoes are low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of tomatoes is Nearly 15. One cup of freshly chopped tomatoes contain nearly 1.59grams of protein, and 2.2 grams of fiber.

The fiber content ensures stable blood sugar regulation without any sudden spikes in the glucose level. Also tomatoes have low calorie content which is beneficial for weight loss. A recent research showed that people who consumed tomatoes on regular basis helped them reduce the risks of cardiovascular diseases linked with type2 diabetes.

4. Spinach

Spinach again is a non starchy veggie. One cup of spinach contains nearly 4grams of fiber, and 0.9grams of protein. Spinach has a low carbohydrate content, one cup of spinach has nearly 7grams of carbohydrates. Due to its low carb content spinach stabilizes the blood sugar levels in the body.

The fiber content slows down the absorption of glucose In the body preventing  sudden spikes in blood sugar level. Alpha lipid acid- the antioxidant content if spinach is knows to increase insulin sensitivity, this proves to be a boon for people with diabetes.

5. Broccoli

Broccoli is low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of broccoli is nearly 10. One cup of raw broccoli contains nearly 2.5grams of protein and 2.4grams of fiber. The fiber content ensures slower glucose absorption without sudden spikes in glucose levels in the body and keeps the person feeling full for longer time. The nutritional content of brocolli help lower insulin levels in the body .

6. Cucumber

Cucumber is a low carb veggie. Cucumber is rich in water content. The water content keeps the body hydrated and drains excess glucose  from the body and maintains stable glucose level in the body, without causing any sudden spikes in glucose level.

7. Cauliflower

One cup of cauliflower contains nearly: 2grams of protein and 2.1grams of fiber. Cauliflower is rich in fiber and has a good amount of water content. A diet with high fiber intake reduces risk of heart diseases and obesity linked with diabetes also enhances insulin sensitivity in the body. Cauliflower is low on glycemic index The glycemic index of cauliflower is nearly 10.

8. Cabbage

Cabbage has a good amount of antioxidants which is beneficial for a diabetic. Cabbage is low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of cabbage is nearly 10. Cabbage is low on calories and is beneficial for weight loss

One cup of freshly chopped cabbage contains nearly 1.1grams of protein and and 2.2grams of fiber. Fiber enables a slower absorption of glucose in the body preventing any sudden spikes in glucose level after consumption. The protein content is necessary to meet the daily needs of the body for its normal functioning.

9. Onions

Yes you read it right!!! Onions are rich in antioxidants. Consuming onions on regular basis help control blood sugar levels in the body. Sulphur and quercetin compounds found in onion have anti diabetic effect on the body. Inflammation contributes to diabetes. The quercetin has anti-inflammatory properties which reduces inflammation.

One cup of chopped onion contains nearly 1.76grams of protein and 2.72grams of fiber. Again, soluble fibers decreases  the rate of absorption of glucose from the bloodstreams preventing sudden spikes in blood sugar levels after meals.

Therefore including theses veggies in diet benefits the diabetic in various ways and helps to maintain stable glucose level in the body .