Top 10 Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants

Top 10 Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants

Introduction

Diabetes is termed medically as Diabetes Mellitus, the metabolic disorder which is prevalent in 2.8% of the world population. (https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-11/diabetes_in_the_uk_2010.pdf). Glucose is very essential for healthy functioning of brain & muscle tissues. In simple words it’s a condition in which person has higher glucose level in their body.

The main causative factors are inadequate insulin production, improper response of body cells to insulin or both. It is forecasted that by 2025, it becomes 5.4%. There arises a need to take necessary interventions from the grass root level. From ancient period we have lot of traditional medicinal literature available.

Some are indigenous origin & not revealed to others. Owing to this, a lot of valuable medicines are left unidentified. Now, with the help of sophistication & technological advancement the medical benefits of anti-diabetic medicinal plants are brought into light.

Most of these anti-diabetic medicinal plants are vegetables & forms a part of our daily food. But lack of awareness & indulgence on chemical remedies reduces the popularity. From now, prioritize them in your menu so that you could prevent the progression of diabetes or onset of diabetes in future. Let us discuss some practical ways in which you can include these amazing herbs in your diet. It is simple yet significant.

Relevance

Anti-diabetic medicinal plants are safer & adavantageous over chemical formulations because of no side effects & they are cost effective too. The best advantage is that they can be consumed as a preventive measure even before the disease manifests. It can be easily included in our daily diet.

Some of the plant families are well known for anti diabetic activity

  • Moraceae
  • Rosaceae
  • Leguminosae
  • Lamiaceae
  • Liliaceae
  • Cucurbitaceae

Lot of anti-diabetic medicinal plants are reported to have anti diabetic activity. But in this context, for better understanding the best known anti-diabetic medicinal plants are introduced & discussed in detail. These anti-diabetic medicinal plants have other medical significances apart from diabetic control. But the core action is to alleviate Diabetes. Major researches are undergoing to identify the specific pharmacological actions. These herbs are used as single or in combination with other medicines. These can be also consumed as diet.

Anti-Diabetic Medicinal Plants & Their Action

Bitter gourd –

Commonly named Bitter melon. Botanically named as Momordica charantia, (M.charantia) belonging to Cucurbitaceae family is very popular among the indigenous populations of South America, East Africa, Carribean & India. This particular plant’s fruit is bitter in taste & its profound when ripe. This amazing plant is a climber, perennial, produces a knobble fruit which grows about 5m.

It is regarded as one of the effective remedy for diabetes. The fruit is commonly consumed as a vegetable. There so many delicious recipes made with the fruit. The anti-oxidant property in the plant is highly contributing to its medicinal value. It contains flavonoids, phenols etc that gives a bitter taste to the fruit.

Next question is why is it anti diabetic?

The active components like Charantin & polypeptide-p are identified to have very strong hypoglycemic properties (decrease blood glucose levels). Studies prove that Charantin alone can even replace diabetic treatments. Polypeptide-p is considered as a insulin of plant origin, as it mimics the human insulin in its functions. It is found very effective in Type 1 diabetes. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027280/)

Fenugreek –

Trigonella foenum-graecum belonging to Fabaceae family. This anti-diabetic medicinal plants is native to Europe & Western Asia. The seeds are said to have anti diabetic properties. The leaves can be consumed as a vegetable or as a cooked salad.

Anti diabetic action- The seeds lowers the sugar absorption in the body. The studies reveal that seeds consumption can lower the sugar levels. And it in turn increases the amount of insulin production. There are some risk related to its consumption.

High consumption can cause allergies too. Studies suggest that maintain a time gap in taking fenugreek, if you are consuming some other medications, because it interrupts the action of the medication. So needless to say that it’s a potent drug.

It’s a major ingredient in tempering along with mustard & curry leaves curries in parts of Asia especially South India. So it’s always wise to consume such recipes, rather than eating in raw form. (https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/fenugreek-blood-sugar#traditional-diabetes-treatment)

Garlic –

Allium sativum, Family – Alliaceae. If you are not a garlic lover, then you are not doing justice to your body. It’s a powerhouse of essential nutrients. Geographical distribution – Central Asia, Iran. It’s commonly a main ingredient of folk medicine. It has cardio protective properties with anti-diabetic properties which make garlic an essential ingredient in herbal formulations.

It arrests the progression of diabetes by anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant& anti glycative properties. Recent researches shows that the garlic extracts are a powerful source for reducing insulin resistance

The raw garlic has good blood sugar decreasing properties & also to prevent future secondary complications in diabetes affected individuals. In normal individuals it has a significant effect on maintain blood glucose levels. In diabetic patients, its reported to lower the secondary complications rather than anti diabetic action. It’s a substitute for antidiabetic chemical drugs as it contains Allicin, which promotes insulin production in beta cells. It is ideal to consume atleast 1 cloveof garlic in type 2 diabetes.

Gymnema –

Commonly known as cow plant, botanically it is named as Gymnema sylvestre, belongs to Asclepiadaceae family. The anti-diabetic medicinal plants is a shrub & is native to Africa, Srilanka & India. It’s a climber – Commonly used part is leaves. The Gymnemic acid is the active component responsible in controlling diabetes.

There are reports of growing evidences of its quick action. It has a unique property to eliminate the ability to recognize sugar taste.  It serves as a receptor to reduce the glucose absorption by intestines, there by regulating the blood glucose levels in the body. It is also called as ‘sugar destroyer’

CAUTION

Some of the reported side effects include that chewing the leaves makes tongue loses the ability to recognize sweet taste. It is contra indicated during pregnancy & lactation. When combined with other medicines, it produces best results.

Green Chireta –

is the common name; Latin name is Andrographis paniculata belongs to Acanthaceae family. It is herbaceous morphologically. Because of the strong bitterness, the plant is named as “Bitter king”. It is a well known herb in Chinese & Ayurveda medicine. Normally the whole plant is used for medicinal use. In addition to Diterpenes, It also comprises of flavones & lactones. Geographical distribution – India & Srilanka.

It has reported to have side effects like vomiting, rashes and headache if not taken under proper care. It has active constituents’ diterpenes. The glucose tolerance test showed drastic lowering of blood glucose levels by limiting the intestinal absorption of glucose.

Ginger –

Zingiber officinale, belonging to Zingiberaceae family is another well-known anti-diabetic herb. Gingerol, Zingiberol are the active constituents. Universally, ginger is accepted as the healthiest option among foods. Rhizome is the part used.

It reduces the fasting blood sugar & regulates the serum insulin level. It has reports of side effects like heartburn. It is consumed in different forms like fresh ginger, dry ginger powder, ginger oil. Ginger is an inevitable ingredient in non-vegetarian cooking, soups, cakes, candies in different parts of the world.

High precaution should be maintained when it is taken with other anti-diabetic medications, as it can lower the blood sugar drastically. Ginger water with lime is the commonest beverage used in Diabetes.

Aloe Vera –

Latin name is Aloe barbadensis, belonging to Liliaceae family. It is a perennial. The plant is commonly a native of Africa.  It is a anti-diabetic medicinal plants of wonders with miraculous medicinal properties& greatly specified in Greek & Egyptian classics. From the ancient period almost 7000years ago, the plants medicinal properties have been of great significance. It’s action is diverse.

It has anti- hyper glycemic effect when given in combination with other anti-diabetic medicines. The additive effect of the herb is greatly being used in the treatment of chronic diabetic patients.  The oral intake should be done under expert medical supervision. Common medicinal preparations include Aloe Vera juice, gel & paste. Adulterants are available in the market like black catechu, stones etc.

Olive –

Olea europea L. belongs to Oleaceae family.  It is said that extra virgin olive oil keeps the Diabetes away. The tall evergreen tree is widely used as a traditional medicine in Mediterranean& European countries. Leaves & the oil are mainly used. Extracts, powder or in the form of tea, it’s indicated orally.

Olive oil has reported to lower the blood glucose level in type 2 diabetic patients. It’s a fantastic ingredient in pizza recipes, salads with tuna also. Olive oil is used commonly as salad dressing too.  Polyphenols like oleuropein are responsible for these medicinal properties. (https://dmsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13098-017-0254-9)

 Ivy gourd –

Coccinia indica, belonging to Cucurbitaceae family commonly known as ivy gourd is yet another herbal remedy. It grows as a wild climber in India. The small elongated fruit is very popular vegetable in India. It’s very commonly cultivated in the vegetable garden. There are lots of studies going on regarding the action of Ivy gourd in controlling the Post-Prandial blood sugar. It is edible in the raw form also. It is an amazing blood purifier. So if we could include it in our daily intake, it can contribute so much to your health. The unripe fruit is stir fried, or used in curries. The leaves are used medicinally.   It has the property to mimic the function of insulin. It is consumed by diabetic patients as raw fruit & also as boiled salads.

Okra –

The magical herb is a great remedy for diabetes & other debilitating illnesses like cancer also. It is commonly called by the name lady’s finger. Botanically it is named as Abelmoschus esculentus belonging to Malvacea family. It’s a tall growing vegetable common in India, Caribbean& the Americas. It stabilizes the blood glucose level by lowering the intestinal absorption.

The superior insoluble fiber is the responsible component for this effect. The immature pods are consumed as a vegetable & recommended in making stews & fries. The okra seeds in grounded form are used as a coffee substitute. Studies shows that okra water is very effective in controlling gestational Diabetes in pregnant rats. From the reports it’s evident that consumption of the raw vegetable chopping in water & drinking the water next day has proven anti diabetic effects. In turkey, it’s a part of traditional medicine & consumed as okra roast.

What can you do?

Answer is very simple. Make a small vegetable garden with at least some of them. They are all easy to grow & maintain. Pick some fresh whenever you do your delicious cooking

 

Anti- Diabetic Salad

As we all know, “Prevention is better than cure”. Hope you got a better understanding of anti diabetic plants around you. Next is to make the best use of it. Let’s discuss some convenient ways to incorporate these wonder herbs in your diet.

This is a practical way to prevent Diabetes or arrest the progression of disease in future. Choose some of these plants, for example take some chopped Okra, Fenugreek leaves & Ivy gourd boil slightly to soften. Then season with ginger & garlic by stir frying in Olive oil. Cut pieces of olives can also be added to enhance the flavor. Eat this salad at least once in a week. This is a dietary medicine.

Drink for diabetes prevention

Chopped ginger (1 teaspoon) added with 4-5 fenugreek seeds in 2 cups of water, boil for 15 minutes. Cool it well & drink. This is a medicated tea.

Concluding session

We have discussed top 10 anti – diabetic plants here with description of their medical indications. Most of these are vegetables & can be easily accessible. Some interesting practical methods are also explained to utilize the medicinal value as salads or drinks. Apart from all these life style improvements are to be made if you are health conscious. Good exercise, balanced diet & Sound sleep are inevitable.

Make these amazing herbs universal by sharing this little piece of knowledge. Let’s have some of them planted in our home.

Refrences

  1. https://www.diabetes.org.uk/resources-s3/2017-11/diabetes_in_the_uk_2010.pdf

(Accessed on 07/12/2109)

  1. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4027280/

(Accessed on 07/12/2019)

  1. https://www.healthline.com/health/type-2-diabetes/fenugreek-blood-sugar#traditional-diabetes-treatment

(Accessed on 06/12/2019)

  1. https://dmsjournal.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13098-017-0254-9

(Accessed on 06/12/2019)

Is Jaggery Good For Diabetes ?

Is Jaggery Good For Diabetes

When it comes to diabetes management, reducing sugar intake is definitely the priority for every diabetic person. Diabetes requires life-long medication along with a rightful diet for strict monitoring of blood sugar levels.

Ever wondered what factors led to such a broad prevalence of this disease. The cause lie hidden in our own lifestyle – the food we eat, the habits we inculcate, the measures we take, and so on. Our diet contains the majority of carbohydrates with much low quantities of proteins and fibers. Now, this is something that tremendously favors diabetes-related crisis to occur.

India is the largest producer as well as consumer of rice all over the world. Our staple diet, that is, rice is itself higher in terms of glycemic index then how we can be so ignoring towards our blood glucose levels.

Each and every food comes with its own nutritional properties. Some of the properties fairly favor diabetic health while others might deteriorate it. For instance, a particular food may come loaded with abundant health benefits for various ailments but still can be unfit for diabetes.

Amidst many confusion that occurs regarding the preference of perfect food choice for diabetes, one such arises with Jaggery too. Is Jaggery good for diabetes? Why or why not? Is it as bad as table sugar or somewhere more worthwhile than it?

The queries are many but the answers can be unveiled by analyzing the nutritional profile of Jaggery. This article is all about making you familiar with the exact health impacts of Jaggery, also speculating its role during diabetes.

Nutritional composition of Jaggery

To conclude the health benefits of any food, we need to emphasize its nutritional data. Apart from carbohydrates, Jaggery is also loaded with multiple minerals crucial for several body functions. Some amount of vitamins are also present, particularly vitamin B6 and folates.

Below is the synopsis of nutritional evaluation of jaggery per 10 gram;

  • Calories – 38g
  • Carbohydrates – 9.8g
  • Proteins – 0.01g
  • Water – 0.4g
  • Niacin – 0.011g
  • Vitamin B6 – 0.004mg
  • Folates – 0.1mg
  • Calcium – 8mg
  • Iron – 0.3mg
  • Magnesium – 16 mg
  • Phosphorus –
  • Potassium – 13mg
  • Sodium – 3mg
  • Manganese – 0.01mg
  • Selenium – 0.12mcg

After the thorough analysis of nutritional information, researchers have listed some prominent efficacies of jaggery for better health.

How Is Jaggery Produced

Before pondering over the health-related influences of jaggery, we must get an insight into the process of jaggery production.

Sugarcane jaggery

Jaggery is most commonly made from sugarcane sap. India is the largest producer of Jaggery in the world accounting for 70% of the total production across the globe. There are four basic steps involved in the manufacture of jaggery from sugarcane in large-scale factories;

1. Extraction –

Firstly, sugarcane is crushed between the rollers of the machine to obtain a substantial amount of juice.

2. Clarification –

Next, this freshly extracted juice is allowed to stand in large shallow vessels so that sediments are settled at the bottom leaving behind the clear liquid which is further filtered to get more clear and purified juice.

3. Concentration –

The clear juice is now placed in massive containers with a flat base. The juice is boiled for a couple of hours with constant stirring. This allows impurities to skim off leaving the yellow thickened mass in the containers.

4. Final –

finally, thickened mass or paste is transported to huge molds in which it is allowed to be cooled till it gets hardened forming a dark brown solid which is supplied to markets worldwide. The final product can be light brown sometimes pertaining to the quality of juice or a variety of harvested sugarcane.

Date palm jaggery

Jaggery made from date palm is also equally effective and sweet as the one made from sugarcane. For this, a freshly concentrated sap is tossed from a date palm tree in the early morning hours. This tree sap is laden with many health enriching vitamins and minerals.

How Is Jaggery better than Sugar

Even though the production of jaggery is subjected to intense boiling for a quite long time, yet it is enfolded with numerous minerals and some vitamins yielding countless benefits for health.

The residual molasses left in those large containers are poured into molds while the remaining sugar is further processed, crushed, ground into finer particles and crystallized to get a finishing spec. Certain other chemicals are added to make it more edible.

It is due to this further processing which sugar is made to go through, it loses all the healthy characteristics and does no good to the body except for providing lots of calories.

Jaggery As A Nourishing Wholesome Food

Jaggery, commonly called ‘gur’ in the Hindi language is a traditional sweetener and food supplement in Asian countries. From heartwarming gur ki roti to delightful gur halwa, every delicacy made with this nutritious Jaggery is just mouth-watering.

How can we forget famous Til Laddoo made in Indian households during the Lohri festival specifically in Punjab and Uttar Pradesh. ‘Til’ here refers to sesame seeds which when mixed with dry fruits and jaggery make a tongue melting recipe one would crave for, restlessly to eat. Nevertheless, jaggery or ‘gur’ can be eaten raw as such.

Our ancestors knew the unparalleled benefits of eating jaggery during winters for long times. It aids in keeping the body warm. For the same reason, many people prefer adding jaggery in place of sugar while making tea during winters to save themselves from the strikes of chilling cold weather.

Health Benefits Of Jaggery

This wonderful naturally made sweetener offers multifarious health privileges. Despite undergoing through the boiling process for long hours, it tends to retain all the essential nutrients to a pretty appreciable extent.

Antioxidants present in it detoxifies the liver and boost up the immunity. Blood purification is another extended perk we receive. Being rich in iron, it enhances hemoglobin levels of our blood, thereby preventing anemia and other such diseases linked with iron deficiency.

It is the best natural medicine for winters to curb the problem of flu and cold. Zinc and Selenium help the body to fight infections. Surprisingly, jaggery is known to control body weight due to an apparent amount of potassium which is responsible for maintaining the electrolytic balance of the body and also reduces water retention in body cells.

It is a good source of energy for people who had recently recovered from a disease or encountered an accident. Properties like prevention of fatigue, weakness, and pain as well as increased metabolic efficiency are also exhibited.

Women must consume it during periods as it significantly reduces pain and menstrual cramps. In the case of irregular bowel movement, the condition termed as constipation, jaggery consumption is recommended. It leads to the activation of certain necessary digestive enzymes and being diuretic, it assists the regulation of water levels in the body.

It further aids digestion and relieves oxidative stress. Ayurvedic has unleashed and applied the intricate potential of Jaggery in the treatment of lung infections, sores, and bad throat, asthma, and migraines. It is also a good choice for people having high blood pressure as both key minerals – sodium and potassium, which influence blood pressure to enormous range are found in jaggery.

Some Disadvantages Of Eating Jaggery

Everything had two sides – a positive one and a negative one. Similarly, jaggery also brings undesired results when consumed excessively or under inappropriate health conditions. Eating a lot of jaggery is linked to weight gain and obesity.

This is contrary to the former fact that jaggery can result in weight loss. If taken in a considerable amount, it helps to keep the body weight under check. But as we know, going beyond the limits is always disastrous. The outcomes can be another way also.

Obviously, jaggery is mainly carbohydrate and contains plentiful calories which may lead to weight gain. In summers, eating jaggery can result in unusual nasal bleeding. This is probably due to the extreme heat generated in the body.

People with rheumatoid arthritis should strictly avoid taking jaggery in any form. It increases swelling even more under such conditions. Jaggery is completely the worst food to eat in case of ulcerative colitis. This disease affects bowel movement and causes infection of the digestive tract.

The large intestine is badly affected, particularly, colon and rectum. Jaggery consumption during this time can invoke the risk of developing colon cancer. The reasons for this are not so apparent.

Is Jaggery A Good Choice For Diabetes

There is a common misconception among diabetic people that jaggery can be safely replaced with table sugar.  However, this is completely a wrong assertion. In spite of the fact that jaggery is more nutritious than sugar, it still fails to become a healthy choice for diabetes. The reason being that jaggery is also a food with a high glycemic index, having the same amount of carbohydrates as that of table sugar.

The jaggery contains about 65-75% sucrose and affects the physiological functions of the body in the same way as table sugar does. Continuous involvement of jaggery in a diet for a prolonged time can increase the risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes. Even jaggery is rapidly absorbed and released into the bloodstream causing blood sugar spikes.

Therefore, jaggery is strongly prohibited to induce in your diabetic diet. You can definitely use jaggery as a sugar substitute if you are not suffering from diabetes or you are not at the risk of developing diabetes. But in case of ongoing diabetes, it is no less than a toxin. All other health benefits will fade way in front of those elevated blood sugar levels.

Some Safe Alternatives For Table Sugar

Don’t worry if you are diabetic and often have a craving for tasting sweet dishes. There are some reliable sweeteners that you can securely add to your meals.

Raw Organic Honey

Organic honey is indeed a very good sugar substitute for diabetes as it is nurtured with goodness of iron, zinc, potassium, calcium, vitamins along with fewer calories. All this makes it desirable for the consumption by diabetic people.

Coconut Sugar

You can satiate your craving by turning in to coconut sugar instead of table sugar. This has a low glycemic index and contains powerful antioxidants as a bonus benefit.

Cinnamon

It is a common household spice found in almost every kitchen of India. It time to unlock its true latency and fight diabetes in a healthy way. Cinnamon can apparently bring down blood sugar levels and ensure long term control over the same.

Natural sweetening agents

Natural sweeteners like Stevia are really a blessing for diabetic people. Extracted from the plant, Stevia rebaudiana, this sweetening agent is 30 times sweeter than sugar but with no carbohydrates and zero calories. Besides, it regulates blood pressure and exemplifies anti-inflammatory effects on the body.

Artificial sweetening agents

Although, natural sweeteners are mostly given the first preference some safe widely renowned artificial sweeteners are also available at stores worldwide. Among the most popular ones is sucralose, which is 600 times sweeter than sugar but extremely low in calories.

This is marketed under the name of Splenda. Another widely known product is Sugar Twin which is nothing but saccharin. This too contains zero calories and is 500 times sweeter than common sugar.

Natural fruits

One of the most effective and nourishing solution to eradicate the deprivation of sugar in your life is by eating more of diabetes-friendly fruits. Nothing can be more refreshing and energizing than fresh fruits. Apples and strawberries are perfect choices for diabetes. You can also eat up to two servings of mangoes a day. Eating mangoes in higher quantities can prove risky.

Concluding words

As we have seen, jaggery is a boon for the treatment of a wide array of diseases but this doesn’t mean that it cannot be a bain. It is entirely wrong to assume that jaggery can be a good substitute for sugar during diabetes.

There is no positive influence of jaggery over blood sugar levels. Their effects will be resembling those of table sugar. Rather, you must opt for natural sweeteners or if affordable, then artificial sweeteners can also work well. Moreover, jaggery does have some side effects too like any other substance.

It is better than before switching on to anything new, you must either consult a doctor or must take the help of authentic books and guides. In the case of confusion, never leap without having a second thought as most of the perceptions of yours can probably be just a myth.

If you are incapable of consulting a doctor at a moment or do not have any good book with you, always prefer keeping top-rated Android apps that contain appropriate diet charts for diabetes with proper and reliable information.

These are handy to keep and convenient to use. These applications designed specifically for you people can save you from unnecessary hassles by giving you accurate knowledge of particular food at the right time. When you will have the correct knowledge of the facts which will be exact and not just the busted myths, you will definitely able to get a good hold over the disease.

Not to forget, knowledge is power. The power is with you, utilize it at its best and you will be doing pretty fine at building up a successful diabetes management strategy.

Is cucumber good for diabetes?

Is cucumber good for diabetes?

Diabetes is the condition where the blood sugar in the body is accumulated, here the hormone insulin fails to absorb the blood sugar in the bloodstream resulting in high concentration of blood sugar in the body. Glucose acts as a fuel in the human body for the normal functioning of it.

Diabetes can be a result of various factors:

Based on reasons of occurrence, diabetes can be classified into:

Type1:

In this, one’s own immune starts destroying the beta cells of the pancreas that produce insulin. This could be either due to influence of virus or other genetic factors. Type1 diabetes comes under the list of autoimmune diseases. Type1 diabetes is usually not under one’s own control .i.e. it cant be prevented

Type2:

In this either the body doesn’t produce enough insulin to absorb the blood sugar present in the bloodstream or fails to utilise the available insulin thoroughly and effectively or in other words the body becomes insulin resistant. Type2 diabetes can be a result of lifestyle factors or genetic factors and obesity. Type2 diabetes can be prevented if opted for a healthy living.

Prediabetes is a condition where the level of blood sugar in the body is high but not sufficiently high enough to be diagnosed as type2 diabetes. Diabetes can hit anyone at any stage of life, but on a positive note it can be controlled by following a healthy diet routine, and exercises.

A healthy diet routine mainly focuses on a meal rich in proteins, fibers and with a low carb content. Planning the proper intake of carb is the key to control spikes in blood sugar levels and to prevent risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases and stroke.

The minimum carb intake recommended for a diabetic patient is 45g to 65g for a meal and nearly 15g to 30g for snacks. A diet involving 20 to 50 g of carb intake can, not only help to achieve low blood sugar levels but also reduce the risks of heart diseases.

Carbohydrates can mainly be of two types:

1. Simple carb and

2. Complex Carb

Simple carbs are broken down quickly and digested easily by the body, this could spike up blood sugar levels in the body immediately, while on the other hand, Complex carbs take more time to be digested by the body when compared to simple carb, although both simple and complex carb are converted to glucose to be used as fuel for the functioning of the body.

Thus, complex carbs are advisable for a diabetic patient as this does not spike up blood glucose as much as in case of simple carbs. Also complex carbs keeps the body energised for a longer period, this makes the person to feel full for a longer time.  Vegetables are known for their nutritional benefits. One among them is cucumber.

 

 Cucumber for a diabetic patient??

Cucumber Seeds are known to be rich in a wide range of phytonutrients, that includes both carotenoids and flavonoids.

  • Benefits of carotenoids to human health:

They protect the body from diseases and enhances the immune system.

  • Benefits of flavonoids to human health:

Flavonoids reduce many of the risk factors associated with diabetes such as heart diseases, stroke etc. Cucumbers also help to reduce the problems related to regulation of high blood sugar levels. Prolonged high blood sugar levels in the body can lead to excessive production of reactive oxygen species(ROS) and reactive carbonyl species(RCS)

  • An increase in the production of reactive oxygen species can damage the DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid ) and

RNA( ribonucleic acid) or result in cell death.

  • An increase in the production of reactive carbonyl species results in pathological disorder or accelerates aging.

Consumption of cucumber controls the overproduction of both ROS and RCS. Cucumber is rich in water content and contains nearly 95% of water.

Staying hydrated is one of the most important step in diabetes to prevent accumulation of glucose in the body .i.e. water drains out the excess blood sugar from the body, high level of blood sugar can increase the risk of dehydration to a diabetic patient.

Prolonged Dehydration in a diabetic patient can lead to kidney damage or can cause nerve damage. Also hydration can result in weight loss, which in turn again reduces the chance of acquiring diabetes due to obesity

Cucumber is nutritionally beneficial as it contains nutrients like potassium and magnesium that keeps the body hydrated. For a diabetic too much of starch intake can spike up the blood sugar level instantly  therefore opting for food with no starch or less starch content is advisable

Cucumber is a non starchy vegetable thus, consumption of it in any quantity does not spike up the blood sugar level in the body.  Foods with high glycaemic index is not recommended for a diabetic patient as it spikes the blood sugar levels.

A food with low glycaemic index is recommended for a diabetic patient. Any food with glycaemic index less than 55 is considered as low . Foods with low glycaemic index are slowly digested and absorbed thus not causing spikes in blood sugar level.

The glycaemic index of cucumber is 15, therefore intake of cucumber is beneficial to a diabetic patient as it does not spike up the blood sugar level.

  • Cucumber is low in carb content, one glass of freshly chopped cucumber contains nearly 4g of carbohydrate therefore, consumption of cucumber is highly advisable.

Cucumber contains a profitable amount of  fiber nearly 2 to 3%. It Contains profitable amount of both soluble fiber and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber slows down the absorption of blood sugar thus, improvises the blood sugar levels, while The insoluble fiber reduces the risk of developing type2 diabetes, this can be a boon for people with Prediabetes.

Cucumber is diabetic friendly.

Salads are a great snack to munch on for a diabetic patient. Especially a salad that contains vegetables such as cucumber, broccoli, and tomatoes. To maximize the benefits of cucumber, it should be consumed unpeeled.

Cucumber peel and seeds are the most nutritional part of a cucumber. A peeled cucumber loses some of its nutritional value. Cucumber peel is in rich in dietary fibres, which again, improvises the blood sugar levels in the body.

As far as the cucumber is organic .i.e. free of pesticides. It is highly advisable to consume unpeeled cucumbers. Peeling a cucumber peels of its nutritional value as well.

Therefore cucumber turns out to be a boon to people with diabetes . Cucumber can be consumed without any fear of spikes in blood sugar levels, rather cucumber reverses the risks associated with diabetes.

Thus, intake of cucumber in daily basis improvises the regulation of blood glucose and also reduces the risks related to diabetes. The nutritional value of cucumber is beneficial and is recommended to all types of diabetic patients.

Which vegetables are good for diabetes?

Which vegetables are good for diabetes?

According to a recent research conducted during 2015 to 2019 nearly 30 million of the population in India have been diagnosed with diabetes. In rural areas it’s about 3% of the total population and about 9% of the total population in urban areas.

India is known to have the highest death rates with respect to diabetes. Diabetes is a leading health issue in India.When it comes to diabetes no single food can help control diabetes or risk factors linked with diabetes. Diabetes can affect any age group and there are various risk factors linked with diabetes such as heart diseases stroke and obesity.

Having diabetes need not stop you from consuming foods of your choice rather the food of your choice should be enriched with fibers, proteins and nitrates that can help you maintain ideal blood sugar level, An ideal meal for a diabetic patient should be low on glycaemic index . The glycaemic index of the food measures the degree of rise in blood sugar level due to the carb content it has In it .

Foods with glycaemic index less than 55 are as low glycaemic index. Such foods are ideal for a diabetic patient as they do not cause any spikes in blood sugar levels. Foods with high glycemic index must be replaced with foods on low glycemic index.

Foods with low glycemic index ensure a slower digestion and absorption of blood sugar which in turn does not lead to any sudden spike in blood sugar levels. The goal of a diabetic should be to achieve stable glucose level in the body. Vegetables holds the highest nutritional value and benefits . This article mainly focuses of vegetables that are best for a diabetic patient .

Here are some of the diabetic friendly veggies:

1. Carrots

Carrot is a non starchy vegetable . Non starchy vegetables have a lesser impact on blood sugar levels in the body. Raw carrots have lesser effect on glucose levels than cooked.

The glycaemic index of raw carrot is lesser than glycaemic index of cooked carrot. The glycaemic index of raw carrot is 16 and that of a cooked carrot is 41. Carrots contain nearly 2.8% of fiber, and rich in vitamin C. The soluble fiber enables slower digestion and absorption which lowers blood sugar levels in the body .

2. Green peas

Green peas are rich in protein and fiber content. The glycaemic index of green peas is 22 and that of frozen green peas is 39. Green peas again have a low calorie content, overweight being a risk factor linked with diabetes, low calorie foods help lose weight which prevent overweight.

For a diabetic overweight can lead to irregular blood sugar levels. Half to one cup of green peas contains nearly 4grams of fiber and 4grams of proteins. Fiber slows down digestion and absorption of carbohydrates in the body which in turn enables a stable blood sugar regulation in the body. Also the mineral content of green peas such as potassium, calcium, and magnesium lowers the risk of heart diseases linked with diabetes.

3. Tomatoes

For a diabetic monitoring daily carb intake is the key . Tomatoes are non starchy and have a low carb content.  Adding to its nutritional value, tomatoes are low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of tomatoes is Nearly 15. One cup of freshly chopped tomatoes contain nearly 1.59grams of protein, and 2.2 grams of fiber.

The fiber content ensures stable blood sugar regulation without any sudden spikes in the glucose level. Also tomatoes have low calorie content which is beneficial for weight loss. A recent research showed that people who consumed tomatoes on regular basis helped them reduce the risks of cardiovascular diseases linked with type2 diabetes.

4. Spinach

Spinach again is a non starchy veggie. One cup of spinach contains nearly 4grams of fiber, and 0.9grams of protein. Spinach has a low carbohydrate content, one cup of spinach has nearly 7grams of carbohydrates. Due to its low carb content spinach stabilizes the blood sugar levels in the body.

The fiber content slows down the absorption of glucose In the body preventing  sudden spikes in blood sugar level. Alpha lipid acid- the antioxidant content if spinach is knows to increase insulin sensitivity, this proves to be a boon for people with diabetes.

5. Broccoli

Broccoli is low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of broccoli is nearly 10. One cup of raw broccoli contains nearly 2.5grams of protein and 2.4grams of fiber. The fiber content ensures slower glucose absorption without sudden spikes in glucose levels in the body and keeps the person feeling full for longer time. The nutritional content of brocolli help lower insulin levels in the body .

6. Cucumber

Cucumber is a low carb veggie. Cucumber is rich in water content. The water content keeps the body hydrated and drains excess glucose  from the body and maintains stable glucose level in the body, without causing any sudden spikes in glucose level.

7. Cauliflower

One cup of cauliflower contains nearly: 2grams of protein and 2.1grams of fiber. Cauliflower is rich in fiber and has a good amount of water content. A diet with high fiber intake reduces risk of heart diseases and obesity linked with diabetes also enhances insulin sensitivity in the body. Cauliflower is low on glycemic index The glycemic index of cauliflower is nearly 10.

8. Cabbage

Cabbage has a good amount of antioxidants which is beneficial for a diabetic. Cabbage is low on glycemic index. The glycaemic index of cabbage is nearly 10. Cabbage is low on calories and is beneficial for weight loss

One cup of freshly chopped cabbage contains nearly 1.1grams of protein and and 2.2grams of fiber. Fiber enables a slower absorption of glucose in the body preventing any sudden spikes in glucose level after consumption. The protein content is necessary to meet the daily needs of the body for its normal functioning.

9. Onions

Yes you read it right!!! Onions are rich in antioxidants. Consuming onions on regular basis help control blood sugar levels in the body. Sulphur and quercetin compounds found in onion have anti diabetic effect on the body. Inflammation contributes to diabetes. The quercetin has anti-inflammatory properties which reduces inflammation.

One cup of chopped onion contains nearly 1.76grams of protein and 2.72grams of fiber. Again, soluble fibers decreases  the rate of absorption of glucose from the bloodstreams preventing sudden spikes in blood sugar levels after meals.

Therefore including theses veggies in diet benefits the diabetic in various ways and helps to maintain stable glucose level in the body .

Yogasanas For Controlling Diabetes

Yogasanas For Controlling Diabetes

Introduction

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that requires continuous monitoring & control. Yoga therapies along with the medicinal therapies are equally demanding nowadays. Diabetes affects multi systems of the body so it’s mandatory to maintain the wellbeing of the body of a diabetic person. Physical inactivity is the major cause for diabetes as per the studies.

So for a diabetes affected person exercise or any form of physical activity is very important. Here yogasanas assumes great significance. There are yogasanas exclusively effective in diabetic condition. Yoga influences the emotional, physical & behavioral transformations in a diabetes affected person.

Yoga & Diabetes

Yogasanas have a positive impact on endocrine glands, brain & the body. This will have a control on hormonal imbalances & stabilizes the body by preventing further damages.

Yoga can prevent the onset of diabetes by modifying the body’s susceptibility to develop the disease. If you eat too much sweet foods or your activities increases the risk of developing the disease, then yoga can help you in controlling your cravings & help to balance mind.

Asanas & pranayamas are components of yoga. Every healthy individual can also practice yoga on a daily basis with regards to preservation of health.

What are the benefits of yoga in diabetes

Benefits of yoga in a diabetic condition is unbelievable. In Diabetes, person cannot escape from taking medications. It is evident that after each stages, the frequency of medication is increased. This in turn affects the other healthy systems of the body in due course. This is the main aftereffect of diabetes. So in such a condition, opting for other supportive therapies are advisable.

Here not only body is affected but the mind also. Gradually sleep problems, behavioral abnormalities like loss of temper, sexual problems, mental stress owing to anxiety & depression also manifests. All these cannot be dealt with medicines always as the body start showing signs of systemic failures like cardiac problems, kidney problems or neurological manifestations

These severe conditions can be effectively managed by yoga therapies & meditation or mind relaxation techniques. It acts as a life saver for diabetes persons. Yoga not only controls mental attributes but also controls & regulates glandular functions by stabilizing the sugar levels.

Let’s now discuss some of the effective asanas in managing diabetes. Suitable asanas can be chosen with respect to body constitution & disease intensity. Sometimes for chronic diabetic patients this seems very complex. But then slow moving yogic exercises are advisable. Gradually the person becomes capable to perform the normal asanas.

Yoga in an easy way 

It is not important to do every steps perfectly in a day. But you can take your time to familiarize with the movements slowly. You may not attain the perfect bend or posture during practice. Give your body the time to attain flexibility & then continue for the rest of life.

Start the yogasanas without any predispositions. Leave your mind calm. Never think of any results during performing yoga. Don’t be disappointed if you are not able to do any of them. Try doing the warming up exercise initially, degree of flexibility of body increases. Slowly the muscle fibers align with the movements you perform.

Yogasanas recommended for diabetes are mostly bending postures or whole body supporting postures which suggest that the body energy is utilized at this maximum. Before performing the actual yogasanas, body should be warmed up or made ready. This includes couple of physical movements.

Warm up your body before the actual yoga

Bending the body forward with hands touching the toe. Lying down straight & slowly bringing thighs close to chest, hands can be used to support the movement of thighs. This can be done for about 5-10 minutes. Try sitting on the floor with crossed legs for 10 to 15 minutes daily

Give small rotation to your neck, shoulder, wrist joints, knee, ankle, hip intermittently. After the warming up sessions you may be ready to perform yogasanas without any difficulties or pain.

Yogasanas with steps in detail

1. Dhanurasana –

This asana is very popular in management of diabetes. In simple words it is a pose resembling a bow. The jaw region, neck, abdominal or the stomach part are in a perfectly stretched position. The pancreatic blood flow is increased, the beta cells are also energized.

Prone lying position is followed in this asana. After that legs arms, head along with jaws are bend backwards. Then the legs are held by the backward stretched hands. Inhale & raise the thighs & jaws. Exhale when lowering the thighs & jaw. The posture itself suggests that it is a very relaxing pose.

As this is a stretching pose, the fat present in the stretched regions are broken down. After continuous practice you feel lightness of body & more enthusiasm.

2. Padmasana –

This is a sitting pose. This is very simple to practice. It resembles the shape of a lotus. This cuts down the stomach fat & improves body metabolism if practiced daily. This improves digestion & relieves constipation in diabetes. It purifies the body by removing the impurities through sweat & urine.

Sit on the floor with stretched legs, then fold each leg & place on the opposite thighs. The navel &the feet touches each other. It is very much beneficial in improving circulation to internal organs. It also keeps the spine erect. If there are circulatory disturbances this is a very effective. Precaution should be taken if you have any deep injuries in ankle or thighs.

3. Shavaasana –

As the name suggests, third pose is very relaxing one. Very simple to follow any time. Just lie in a flat position with arms by the side, closed eyes. Take a deep breathe inhale & exhale slowly. This yields better results in chronic patients or in weak patients.

Slowly the person attains reduction in body fatigue & can switch on to other asanas. Choosing yogasanas greatly depends upon the health condition. It powers the mind by relieving associated stress or anxiety. Avoid noisy environment for best results.

4. Ardhamatsyeindriyasana –

This resembles a half fish as the name suggests. It is a sitting pose with legs stretched, then the left leg is bend & brought under right hip region, the right leg is brought near to knee of left leg, above the knee of left leg. The hip muscles are stretched & this increases the muscle tone of the region. This pose also enhances blood supply to our kidneys & improves the elimination of waste through urine output. Avoid if you have severe back injuries or if you experience any difficulty during practicing.

5. Bhujangasana –

This asana resembles the snake pose. Lie in the prone position, keep feet pressed to the floor &hands below the shoulders. The elbows are kept near to the body. The blades of the shoulders are moved up & down throughout. Exhale & inhale slowly during the session. This is highly recommended in improving the oxygen flow to lungs & clearing the breathing tract. It improves the strength of chest & shoulder muscles. It also controls the excessive or untimely cravings for food.

6. Sarvangaasana –

This asana promotes the blood supply to scalp & brain. It’s very effective in enhancing memory & relieving depression & stress. It’s done in supine position with the legs raised upwards in a perpendicular or 90 degrees, then gradually the hip, chest, shoulder are raised by supporting the hands on the hip region. This prevents ageing & improves longevity by regenerating the body cells.

This improves visual clarity by increasing blood flow to retina. Complications like diabetes retinopathy can be corrected if practiced properly. It can cure neuropathies associated with diabetes.

Avoid if you are recovering from any head injuries or shoulder injuries.

7. Vajrasana –

This pose is done by sitting with straight extended legs, then feet are brought under the corresponding hip region. This is a sitting pose with knees touching each other. Each palms are placed under corresponding knees. This asana if practiced properly can cure sleeping disorders. In diabetic patients, various sleep related disorders are common. So this is an ideal remedy. It also increases the oxygenation to internal organs like pancreas, liver & other abdominal organs. Avoid if you have any ankle pain or injuries.

8. Paschimottanasana –

This is a forward bending asana. This is done by sitting straight with stretched legs & toes flexed, the hands raised above the region of head & stretched upwards. It tones the spinal nerves & hip muscles. Daily practice can give you amazing results. It reduces the fat of the belly, increases the tonicity of the abdominal muscles. For women, it improves the uterine blood supply & reduces cramps in menstruation.

Precaution should be taken if you have severe low back pain, sciatica or hip injuries.

9. Chakrasana –

This resembles the shape of a wheel, hence the name wheel pose. Lie straight on the floor. Slowly fold & bring the legs to the back or buttocks region. Then the feet soles are firmly touched attached to the ground, the hands are bend backward direction to touch the ground, supporting the body by hands & soles touching the ground.

This is very effective in conditions like altered sensations in diabetes. The person will have different or strange sensations in the body, this asana gives better relief. This asana tones the nerves.

10. Pranayama –

This breathing technique or exercise is useful in controlling mind & body to attain a stable equilibrium. This is very simple to practice. With your right thumb slightly close the right nostril, then breathe in slowly through your left nostril, then slowly close the left nostril with the right ring finger. Then release the air through the right nostril slowly.

This can be done on a daily basis. This clears the sinuses & the breathing tract. It also promotes oxygenation to brain cells. This technique is very effective in managing stress, controlling anxiety & memory loss.

After doing yogasanas, if you feel any discomfort stop for the time being. Wait & observe your body. Restart when you are normal.

Managing diabetes complications

If you can do at least some of these yogasanas it can transform your body drastically. In conditions like diabetes there is already a great deal of metabolic derangements’ happening & the disease as it progresses, causes systemic damage.

Yogasanas can be advocated as supportive therapy along with medicines & greatly arrests the future disease progression. The complications can be controlled with minimal systemic damage.

The above yoga poses can be done on a daily basis, if there are no other serious illnesses like associated spinal injuries or pregnancy or uterine bleeding. If there are any serious disc problems like prolapse it should be avoided. The therapies should be done under strict medical supervision.

In Diabetes, exercises like walking & other physical activities are advised. Yoga have a very unique effect on the body unlike other exercises. Yoga helps to maintain both physical as well as mental equilibrium. Thus the body is energized.

Yogasanas have a good influence on brain functions & regulating the hormonal secretions by the glands. Yogasanas done on a daily basis can accelerate the disease recovery & preventing any further disease complications. Particularly when talking about diabetes, the complications are very distressing than the disease it selves. So practicing some of these asanas can reduce the intensity of the serious complications resulting from the disease.

If you have concerns about practicing yoga on a regular basis. You can consult your nearest Ayurveda consultant & get your body thoroughly examined. Take the expert opinion always if you have any doubts or clarifications.

Apart from yogasanas, meditation can be performed by sitting in yogic postures. This gives an added effect to the mind body complex. Simple mind relaxation techniques by closing eyes & focusing your concentration can also be done.

Conclusion

All these asanas are very effective in diabetes. Try some of them by starting the warming up activities. The results are amazing. It radically changes your body & mind through rejuvenation. Make yoga a part of your daily routine. And you would be freed of all illnesses.

6 Little known Diabetes Symptoms

Six Little known Diabetes Symptoms

Everyone is aware of the common symptoms of diabetes but very few might be knowing about some very reluctant and little known diabetes symptoms. The most often talked of signs are;

  • drinking a lot of water and still not able to satiate the thirst.
  • increased number of visits to washrooms for urination.
  • periodic dizziness.
  • slow healing of wounds.

Higher levels of blood glucose also exemplify some not so widely known signals which are must get aware of. Diabetes is a convoluted disease in itself. If controlled well, a person can continue to live normal throughout life.But, however, in cases of carelessness, some crucial complication may arrive.

Some of which are fatal enough to cost a life. Quite threatening, right? So, don’t you think you must get yourselves familiar with fewer known symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes? Here’s to have a glance at some overlooked warnings and signs that may result from the heightening of blood sugar levels.

1. Nervous disorders

High blood sugar levels to which no heed is paid turns out to be disastrous. There are several disorders related to the nervous system all of which are initiated by diabetes. The most researched one is diabetic neuropathies. Neuropathy simply means any kind of injury in nerves.

There is a system of nerves in our body called the peripheral nervous system. The nerves of these system includes all the nerves except those of the brain and spinal cord. These nerve fibers have got a responsibility to carry sensory signals from body organs to the brain.

However, they can function in reverse direction too, carrying messages from the brain to the receptor organs. Peripheral neuropathy comes into effect when anything nerve if this system is affected or damaged.

In scientific terms, it is also called as non-traumatic neuropathies which means that nerves don’t damage as a result of any outside accident but due to other internal body behavior. Elevated levels of sugar in blood, after apparent time, start damaging nerve tracts and blood vessels.

This becomes the main cause of painful nerves, and eventually the cause of peripheral neuropathy. The symptom you experience here is paining in nerves. Effects can be many including tingling, numbness and intense aches.

The good thing is that well-controlled blood sugar levels can prevent a person from undergoing such conditions. The intricacies developed in the nervous system further tends to disrupt the function of nerves of the eyes.

The sudden occurrence of vision problems can be the direct consequence of undiagnosed diabetes. The capillaries that supply blood to the eyes are very delicate. They can be easily damaged by high blood sugar resulting in blurred vision.

A prolonged rise in blood sugar levels can even lead to a complete loss of vision. This prompts for a medical condition known as diabetic retinopathy. When capillaries are distorted, blood may leak through them leading to a disease termed floaters.

Floaters are dark blobs circumpassing the person’s field of view. Moreover, macular edema is another related disorder linked to high blood sugar. The important region of the eye, called the macula, responsible for focussing sharp and accurate images on retina swells up.

As a result, the number of activities like reading and recognizing can be hindered. Do you know? if you regularly wear spectacles and suddenly one day you notice a bit improvement in your eyesight, then this doesn’t essentially a good spec.

Rather, it may be an indicator of unchecked diabetes. This is ironical but true. When diagnosed early, macular edema is completely curable. Of course, the control lies in controlling blood sugar levels.

All the organs which receive nerve supplies are exposed to dangers. With the flow of time, difficulty in hearing generates as the nerves, vessels and some parts of the inner ear become prone to damage due to drastically lifted up blood sugar levels. 30% of diabetic patients suffered from hearing complications with the onset of diabetes.

2. Accompanied tiredness all day long

Feeling tired in spite of taking meals at proper time is also a lesser-known symptom of unchecked diabetes. If you aren’t watchful towards your risen blood sugar levels, they further harm kidneys. From then onwards, kidneys fail to function effectively. The waste products keep accumulating in the blood.

This can be followed by swelling on the face and feet. The fluid balance of the body gets disturbed with the malfunctioning of kidneys. The end result is the feeling of fatigue and tiredness every time. You feel exhausted after working for short intervals of time.

All-time hungriness becomes an apparent factor for such people. This makes them feel even more retarded. Normally, a person can go without eating for 3-4 hours conveniently after having a meal.

But there might come a situation when a person may start feeling hungry again just after 5 minutes of leaving the dining table. Such a person is at high risk of getting diagnosed with diabetes. High blood sugar makes insulin ineffective. Now, insulin isn’t able to stimulate cells to absorb glucose.

The body cells do not get their good, the fuel which they need to work consistently. This scenario is often followed by a weight loss. Therefore, a sudden loss of weight also puts a doubt on diabetes formulation.

There are two things to consider now. You feel inactive and hungry all day long despite eating a regular diet. Both of these factors point out the need for diabetic medication. Fainting is again an outcome of a lack of fuel in cells. And repeated outbreaks of fainting are serious indicators of unchecked levels of blood sugar. If you notice someone in that state, immediately advise them to consult a doctor instead of taking OTCs and other pharmaceuticals.

3. Acute chest pains

The most common reason for chest pain is Angina. This happens when cardiac muscles are unable to receive an ample supply of oxygenated blood. People with heart disease have fairly high chances of developing diabetes. This can be vice-versa too.

If we look carefully at the statistics, a big number of men and women who suffer diabetes died due to heart stroke. A well-established care plan for weight management coupled with regular physical exercise are the two impeccable strategies to beat out this health hazard.

Medicines containing a suitable amount of nitrates are prescribed under such circumstances. The reason being that nitrates possess the property of widening blood vessels.

This ensures that arteries and veins carrying blood to and fro towards the heart function well. People suffering from any heart-related disorders or the ones with pre-diabetes must limit the consumption of alcohol, cigarettes, and street foods.

4. Erectile dysfunction

Ever thought that high blood sugar levels can interfere with your reproductive organs too. Erectile dysfunction is the condition when a male individual fails to achieve firmness in the penis during the erection for sexual intercourse.

According to experts, it probably happens when the nerves contributing to the erection of the penis get wounded. And the cause of this damage is obviously, increased blood sugar levels. As erectile dysfunction is caused by increased blood sugar, it can be prevented through regular governing of blood sugar levels.

5. Bad oral health

Gum diseases are also listed among the silent signs of undiagnosed diabetes. High blood sugar promotes the growth of harmful bacteria which further becomes the reason for building up plaque, tooth decay, cavity, etc. Gum disease, particularly Gingivitis is the most dreadful of all. It’s when gums get pulled away from the teeth leading to serious infections.

Tooth loss and breaking of bones of mouth might even take place. All the consequences mentioned here are scary to be thought of happening in real. Better to visit a dentist and get a deep cleansing for your mouth to prevent bad breath. If you are facing such problems related to oral hygiene, it is highly recommendable to get your blood sugar levels checked.

6. Skin issues

Diabetes opens up the permeable gateways for countless skin tags. These include infections, rashes, dark patches, sores, and bumps. Researches find that people’s body starts acquiring certain skin patches when they develop insulin resistance.

These skin markers can have multiple forms. In some cases, small loose flaps of skin hangs on some locations on a body. These hanging flaps can be dark brown to black in color. One such relevant case is the occurrence of yellow-colored scaly patches around and on the eyelids.

A condition known as xanthelasma in medical terminology. There are innumerable terrible health conditions that fall under this category. A brief overview of each of them is given.

Acanthosis nigricans

This sounds like the name of the tribal group but it’s actually a name of a weird unhealthy condition. This is a pathetic condition characterized by dark rashes that feel like velvet to touch. These unusual rashes are generally seen on armpits and around the neck area. They emit a foul odor.

Although there are not many apparent shreds of evidence, it is said that such marks are more common in people with a dark complexion.

Dry skin

So suddenly you are noticing that your skin is remaining dry most of the time without a proper known cause. This can be another warning for you to get yourself checked by the physician.

Mostly, you will experience itchiness also. The skin may continue to crack which paves a way for itching and infections to come into play. Make sure you drink plenty of water to deter more of dehydration. Intake of rightful amounts of vitamin C at this time can help.

At this time, one should keep skin clean and dry. Using lukewarm water while having showers will kill harmful germs aiding to infectious growth. There are many lotions available in the market specifically for this purpose.

To name some, Gold Bond Ultimate for diabetic dry skin, Flexitol diabetic foot balm, and many more. But the ultimate treatment strategy still remains the same – well maintained blood sugar levels.

Infections

There can be several infected areas within your body but diabetes is mostly concerned with infections in the urinary tract. Fungal infections mainly take place though bacteria ones may also occur. The most commonly affected organs are eyes, vagina, spaces between the feet.

Be a little extra cautious towards your hygienic habits. The use of skin creams made to be used under such specific requirements is preferred. All such infections can be curbed to a good extent if a person is attentive enough towards his/her blood sugar levels within time.

Bullosis diabetricorum

Hearing this term for the first time? It’s because this condition is rare, yet a rigid warning for uncontrollably risen blood sugar levels. It is marked by the sudden appearance of blisters. These can appear in any region throughout the body.

Such blisters are either large and round or can be small blisters that get aggregated together at some part of the body. What’s more astounding is that these blisters are not painful but are morphologically similar to the blisters that develop after body part gets burned.

Eruptive xanthomatosis

The formation of the huge number of prickles on the body which looks just like reddish-yellow pimples. They can be outgrown on any part of the body and cause intense itching. It’s better to visit a doctor and get your blood glucose readings tested instead of trying skin ointments. Next time you observe anyone in your circle with such symptoms, make them alert.

Concluding words

There exist some little known symptoms of diabetes. Often, people being unaware of such signs lookout for the first line of defense. They prefer to self treat those ailments with Over The Counter drugs instead of visiting a doctor. The situation may turn more disastrous if kept unchecked for a longer time.

As you high blood sugar levels badly affect almost every other vital organ of your body. If you are currently experiencing any of such symptoms on a repeated basis, you must urgently seek medical attention.

Usually, people suffering from high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels and obesity are at higher risk for developing diabetes. All the above symptoms mentioned above can be cured successfully if diagnosed at the right time. The regular monitoring of blood sugar levels is only the master solution that emerges out.

If you are informed of your readings timely, you will be able to eliminate all the complications at a very early stage, not causing you much trouble. So if you ever find yourself advancing towards such doubtful situations, better to spend little time and money for the sake of your good health. Rather than depending on pharmaceuticals and OTCs. They won’t help you every time.

What are the dangers of using aspartame as an artificial sweetener for diabetes patients?

What are the dangers of using aspartame as an artificial sweetener for diabetes patients?

For a diabetic it is very important to keep a check on the carbohydrate intake. Having diabetes can deprive you from consuming sweets or sugary foods. Sugary foods can induce the blood sugar levels in the body. There are various substitutes of sugar available In the market most popularly one among them is aspartame. It is known to be one among the most popularly used food additives in most countries. It acts the same way on the taste buds on tongue as sugar.

It is sometimes also used as a tabletop sweetener. Before knowing if aspartame is safe for consumption for a diabetic let’s have a look into what is aspartame. Basically, aspartame is an artificial sweetener that’s much more sweeter than sucrose. A product that is labelled as sugar free usually contains artificial sweeteners as a substitute of sugar.

Examples of aspartame products available in the market are:

  • Sugar free ice creams
  • Diet coke
  • Sugarless candies etc.

It basically contains amino acids mainly L- aspartic acid and L- phenylalanine. During digestion the digestive enzymes break aspartame into the following compounds:

  1. Phenylalanine
  2. Aspartic acid
  3. Methanol

Any side effects faced by the consumers on consumption of aspartame is due to the action of these compounds when absorbed into the blood. Phenylalanine is an important amino acid that we must get from the diet. Aspartame contains very little amount of phenylalanine when compared to other sources or foods.

Phenylalanine is used by the body to make certain hormones and brain chemicals. Foods with high amount of phenylalanine can be highly toxic to people with genetic disorders such as phenylketonuria and is not recommended.

Aspartic acid is a naturally occurring amino acid i.e. it can be produced by our own body. Aspartame contains very little amount of aspartic acid when compared to other foods. Aspartic acid is used by the body mainly for the normal functioning of nervous system.

Methanol is a toxic compound related to ethanol that is found in alcoholic beverages. Aspartame contains nearly four calories per gram similar to that of sugar. Although it is highly used as a substitute of sugar it has faced many allegations in the recent years.

Below are some of the dangers on using aspartame as an artificial sweetener:

1. Cancer:

The main concern over the use of aspartame is cancer. Many experiments have been conducted on animals such as rat and the experiments indicated that high intake or consumption of aspartame increase the risks of lymphomas ( it is a type of cancer that starts in the infection fighting cells of the immune system called the lymphocytes) and leukemia ( blood cancer).

But people still remain suspicious if aspartame is safe for use.

2. Poisoning through methanol:

On intake, aspartame is broken down Into various compounds by the body one among them is methanol. As per 2014, researchers indicate that aspartame was found to be the greatest source of methanol. Increased intake of aspartame increases the risk of poisoning by increasing the level of methanol in the body.

Although the absorption of methanol from the body is similar to the absorption in case of natural foods and fruit juices. Due to lack of scientific evidences people still remain unconvinced with the use of aspartame as a safe artificial sweetener.

3. Damage to vision:

Although there is no strong  scientific evidence with the use of aspartame. One of the strongest allegations on aspartame is its damage caused to vision. Increased intake of aspartame can lead to various problems such eye pain, night blindness, or in the worst case it could lead to total blindness.

Again there are no such proven cases with respect to damage to vision .

4. Premature birth:

Higher consumption of aspartame can lead to premature birth. It is scientifically proven that for women facing with the genetic effect named phenylketonuria, may experience an earlier delivery leading to premature birth of the baby or can also lead to fetal damage.

5. Headaches:

Intake of aspartame on higher levels can lead to or trigger headaches in individuals with migraine. Formaldehyde – a byproduct of aspartame. Migraine can be the result of an allergic response  with formaldehyde, In individuals suffering from migraine.

This theory was put forward by Jacob and Stechshulte in 2008 after a patch test that was conducted on five patients. Three out of five patients reported migraine recurrence that was estimated after 8 to 12 weeks later.

This could be a reason of the allergic response or due to overconsumption of aspartame over a longer time.

6. Metabolism:

A 2016 study says that increased intake of aspartame may alter the balance and  diversity  of the bacteria within the gut. This way of disruption or alteration in the balance of the gut microbes can increase the risk of glucose intolerance which can turn out to be curse for people with type 2 diabetes and obesity .

People with a healthy weight are not much into the risk factors of aspartame.

7. Tardive dyskinesia:

Tardive dyskinesia is a neurological disorder that is caused by long term intake of psychiatric drugs. It is usually a side effect of drugs  (antipsychotics) that are used to treat schizophrenia or other mental disorders. Tardive dyskinesia can cause stiffness or jerky movements in face and body that are not under one’s own control.

Intake of aspartame for people suffering with tardive dyskinesia can trigger the joint movements .

8. Phenylketonuria:

Phenylketonuria is an inborn error of metabolism. In this the metabolism of amino acid called phenylalanine is decreased this results in the accumulation of phenylalanine in the body.

People with phenylketonuria can not process phenylalanine properly and completely, this can be highly toxic. Therefore for people with phenylketonuria aspartame is highly toxic and not recommended.

9. Weight gain:

Researchers say that aspartame and other artificial sweeteners  result in weight gain, it makes the dieters or people consuming them hungrier eventually leading them to overeat. As we know overeating alone is not a great deed, overeating further results In weight gain and an unhealthy gain in weight brings along with it a lot of risk factors .i.e. Unhealthy weight gain is accompanied by a lot of risk factors.

Obesity or overweight is also one of the major risk factor linked with diabetes. Therefore this type of gain can further to lead to various complications. However there is no strong evidence against the dangers of aspartame but these allegations and controversies makes aspartame a suspicious sweetener.

These allegations and lack of strong medical evidences  have lead many people remain unconvinced that aspartame could be completely safe for use without any harmful side effects. Therefore before opting for artificial sweeteners it’s better to cut down on them and stay natural.

Diabetes can still consume variety of foods that can not only stir their taste bites but also can keep them healthy and safe with natural foods.

What Foods Lower Blood Sugar Immediately?

What Foods Lower Blood Sugar Immediately?

People diagnosed with diabetes often panic with the selection of the right kind of foods that truly favors their health without any risk. If you are the one among them, you know your struggles better. You avoid eating sweet dishes at the parties fearing that your blood sugar levels might rise drastically leading to emergencies.

Whenever you visit your relatives, you prefer sugar-free tea or tea with low sugar content. You have a lot of related concerns while thriving to achieve good control over diabetes. Today, you are here to know about the foods which can lower your blood sugar levels instantly.

Although, it’s always recommended to approach and consult your doctor in case of emergency sometimes the circumstances are not favorable. You might not be in the condition of reaching the hospital at that moment.

To be prepared for such uncertainties, a great way is to know about some foods you must have in your homes to counteract untimely spikes in blood sugar levels.

What Kind Of Foods Can Immediately Lower Blood Sugar Levels

To get a “diabetes-friendly” label, any food must have some speculations which makes it an ideal choice for diabetics. The following criteria are mandatory to be met by the foods to be rightfully eligible for lowering the levels of blood sugar.

1. Low Glycemic Index

We have already informed you in previous articles about the glycemic index and it’s importance while choosing the right foods for diabetes management. If we recall it again, the glycemic index of a food is a measure of how fast it’s carbohydrates can be digested and sugars are released in the bloodstream.

If food is digested rapidly, this means all its sugars will immediately enter the blood and cause heightening in sugar levels. This is something you not at all wish to happen. Therefore, play wisely and limit your diet only to low glycemic foods during the time of increased blood sugar.

Foods with low glycemic index release sugar into the bloodstream at a gradual pace, keeping your sugar range within safe boundaries.

2. High Fiber Content

High Fiber Content

Always look for foods high in fiber. Some wonderful fruits are included in this category which will quickly bring down your blood sugar levels. The reason being that fibers are not digested in the upper part of the stomach and their digestion takes place at a slower rate. This, in turn, confers good stability to levels of glucose present in the blood.

3. High Protein Diet

When you notice a sudden rise in your blood sugar levels, bring protein-rich food to your plate. It will be better if you consume more proteins and a minimal amount of carbohydrates.

4. A Little Fat

Adding a small amount of healthy fats in your diet will fetch you big results. Big in terms of good health. You will be healthier than before. Some very excellent sources include olive oil, fatty fishes and avocados. Here, it is important to select the right kind of fats as there are also many unhealthy fats available which simply deteriorate your health.

Vegetables That Lower Blood Sugar Levels Immediately

Here are some widely available vegetables which can help you in times of high blood sugar.

1. Spinach

A great choice for diabetics and health-conscious people who want to get hold of their sugar levels. Spinach comes with high magnitudes of essential amino acids and proteins. The potent minerals like calcium, magnesium, and potassium present in it naturally lower blood sugar levels to normal.

What’s more charming is that spinach is easy to incorporate in daily meals in varied forms. You can add them to salads, drink them as smoothies or cook it as dal (pulses).

2. Broccoli

 This vegetable enfolded with a substantial amount of fibers that potentially retard increased blood sugar levels. In addition to this, fibers keep you active and energetic which is required for a person suffering from diabetes.

And yes, not the forget the most remarkable mineral present in it – chromium. If you are not aware, then today we tell you, chromium is one of the key minerals that enhances the efficacy of cells to use insulin.

When your cells become more sensitive to insulin, you have lesser chances of getting into the situation of hyperglycemia.  Indeed, a much-needed nutrient for someone with diabetes!

3. Beans

Beans are the most commonly consumed legumes. They come in vast varieties from soybean to peas. They are affordable as well as easily available throughout the year. Each cup of chickpeas, the prevalent variety of beans, contains 71% of folates.

Folates are highly recommended nutrients for lowering blood sugar as they increase insulin sensitivity of the body. Kidney beans and peas have proteins that reduce insulin resistance and contain fiber for smoother blood sugar levels.

Good control of body weight in parallel with reduced risk for cancer and heart-related disorders are the extended advantages you receive.

4. Garlic

 This vegetable is known for lowering fasting blood glucose levels. In addition to this, it can also assist the people who experience morning sickness.

There is a reason why our ancestors used “lehsun ka tadka” in traditional pulses recipe.

5. Lentils

 Lentils are more commonly known as pulses in the Indian subcontinent. These are cooked like a regular afternoon meal along with chapati and rice.

Pulses are available in vibrant colors and varieties. The most commonly cooked are ;

Yellow lentil – arhar dal

Green gram – moong dal

Brown lentil – sabut masoor dal

Black lentil – urad dal

Red lentil – masoor dal

It’s a bonus that this traditional meal has got a property to decline raised blood sugar levels. You must cook a meal that involves pulses in your plates, they are quite easy to cook and delicious to eat. The tastiest and healthy way to monitor the elevated range of your blood glucose.

Fruits That Lower Blood Sugar Levels Immediately

We already gained an insight into the vegetables which can help to a highly appreciable extent in bringing down the increased blood sugar levels.

The effect can be felt within a few hours after consuming them. Now, it’s time to have a look at the fruits which are enormously beneficial in times of hyperglycemia. You can eat two to three servings daily of the fruits listed below. These are considered a healthy choice for diabetics by the American Diabetes Association (ADA).

1. Avocados

Avocados are low in terms of carbohydrates but somewhat higher in fats. This nutritional composition makes them the most preferable food to be eaten when blood sugar is extremely at its peak. Moreover, a substantial amount of fiber in them will naturally stabilize your sugar status.

2. Unripe Bananas

People with diabetes are allowed to eat two to three bananas. But here we are talking about massively increased levels of blood sugar and not just normal diabetic conditions. Since banana also contains natural sugar and has a glycemic score of 51, it is better to go with unripe bananas rather than ripened ones.

Unripe bananas are much more beneficial for hyperglycemia in comparison to ripened bananas. Not only they have reduced sugar content, but they also enclose a greater amount of fibers. These are also cooked and eaten as a vegetable in many Indian households.

3. Kiwifruit

This wonderful fruit is enveloped with everything you need to diminish your raised blood glucose levels. It serves as an excellent reservoir of vitamin C, antioxidants, potassium, magnesium, copper and phosphorus. The overall influence created by the consumption of kiwifruit on blood sugar is very cherishing.

4. Papaya

Another best fruit that holds the top position in the array of ideal fruits for diabetics. It is loaded with properties that improve insulin activity and is rigidly recommended for people with type 2 diabetes. The vitamins and powerful antioxidants like lycopene and zeaxanthin will compel your heightened sugar levels to go down.

5. Cherries

There is a connection between a diet rich in anthocyanins and magnified insulin sensitivity. The focus line is that cherries are enveloped with ample anthocyanins. For the same reason, your body will be able to lessen the impact of high sugar in the bloodstream more quickly.

6. Grapefruits

Several studies find that grapefruit function inside the body is the same way as metformin. Metformin, a drug that is used to treat people with type 2 diabetes by lowering the amount of sugar present in the blood. The above statement clarifies the significance of eating grapefruits during hyperglycemic conditions.

Diabetes-Friendly Teas

Not only fruits and vegetables, but there are also even some herbal teas which price to be immensely beneficial to win the battle against high blood sugar levels. India is a land of tea-lovers. Here, morning remains incomplete without sipping a cup of tea.

Hyperglycemia puts a restriction on you for drinking milk tea and other drinks which includes the use of table sugar. But still, you have a lot of other options to adopt.

Are you anxious to know the alternatives to fill up the vacant space for tea in the daily routine? Alright, let’s check them out then.

1. Bilberry Tea

This tea highly favors the health of diabetic folks. There is present a compound called ‘glucoquinone’ which significantly reduces the blood sugar levels to normal. Apart from this, it can also help people who suffer from diabetic neuropathy.

2. Guava Leaf Tea

The tea made with guava leaf extracts offers numerous health perks for diabetics. There are some strong flavonoids and compound name quercetin which boosts up insulin activity. You should start your day with this marvelous tea to acquire a well-maintained blood sugar levels.

3. Green Tea

Green Tea is offer suggested for weight loss. However, it also does multiple favors for hyperglycemic people. Researches from Japan and Taiwan reveal that people with regular consumption of green tea developed a lesser risk for diabetes. Continuous intake of green tea is also linked with keeping blood sugar levels in an optimal range.

4. Black Tea

Both black and green tea are the products of the same plants – Camellia sinensus. The difference is that green tea is only partially oxidized during the manufacturing process while black tea is completely oxidized.

The complete oxidation results in the formation of complex flavonoids that show anti-hyperglycemic and anti-inflammatory effects.

5. Lemon Tea

This tea has low glycemic value and a rejuvenating effect on blood glucose levels. It is widely available in markets with a toss of ginger and other spices which makes it even more admiring.

Leaves And Herbs That Lower Blood Sugar Levels Immediately

Moving further, we shall now throw light upon some remarkable natural herbs and leaves that nature has gifted us to compensate for our blood sugar levels.

1. Cinnamon

Cinnamon, a spice that is extracted out from a bark of a tree. It improves insulin sensitivity and helps to gain quick control over dangerously risen blood sugar levels.

2. Fenugreek

The seed of fenugreek has a chemical makeup to bring down lifted degrees of blood sugar. For the prediabetic people, eating fenugreek in powdered form can keep them away from developing diabetes further.

3. Gurmar

Gymnema sylvestra, a herb most widely grown in southern parts of India and Sri Lanka is a natural sugar destroyer. After consuming it, you will experience decreased blood sugar levels. The improved insulin levels are also witnesses side by side.

4. Cloves

A spice found in every Kitchen of India. It is also used to garnish several dishes like pulao. Cloves are used as homemade remedies to recover from common cold and cough.

The characteristics of dwelling in it promote better insulin activity and boost up the sensitivity of cells to utilize insulin as well. Both the factors combined lead to well-controlled blood sugar levels.

Juices And Drinks That Lower Blood Sugar Levels Immediately

As a diabetic, you are advised not to think about packaged and bottled juices. But you can try some homemade healthy juices to counterbalance your high blood sugar degrees.

1. Bitter Gourd Juice

When it comes to ideal juice for diabetes, bitter gourd juice always tops the list. After all, it is the most sought-after drink to tackle diabetes and highly preferable by doctors worldwide.

The presence of an insulin-like compound called p-insulin infers it the property to control blood sugar naturally and with great effectivity. As long as you are hooked up with bitter gourd, there can be no place for high blood sugars in your body.

2. Amla Juice

Two teaspoons of amla juice daily can do wonders for your health. Further, by adding a pinch of turmeric, it becomes an unparalleled remedy for treating hyperglycemia.

3. Plain Greek Yoghurt

Being a milk product, it has a substantial amount of proteins as well as a low glycemic score. Yogurt can be consumed as such or can be easily added to the number of smoothies. Make sure you are not adding any extra sugar while eating it. It can help you to manage blood sugar levels for long durations.

4. Apple Cider Vinegar

The acetic acid present in apple cider vinegar is the main player in controlling heightened blood sugar levels. This acid slows down the action of enzymes involved in carbohydrate metabolism. As a result, sugars are released in the bloodstream gradually causing no hike in its levels.

5. Chia Seeds

These seeds are native to Mexico and not much grown in India. Rare quantities of them can be seen growing in the fields of Mysuru. Indian people call it as “sabja ke beej”.  With a low glycemic score of 1 and good amounts of omega 3 fatty acids, these have remarkable ability to diminish undesired levels of blood sugars.

Chia seeds can be eaten by mixing them in yogurt, adding to smoothies, puddings and with certain drinks. You can get more knowledge about chia seeds recipes through YouTube and search engines.

6. Water

Not to take this as a joke, water is no less than an elixir in times of high blood sugar. Keeping the body hydrated is the utmost necessity of every diabetic patient. If you are drinking plenty of water daily, you can maintain blood sugar levels in a secured range.

It is also recommended to drink a lot of water when blood sugar levels go up suddenly. This exercise will help you a lot to control things at that time.

Final words

There are innumerable foods which can help one to instantly curb intensified blood sugar levels. All you need to do is to keep a stock of all such foods in your kitchens so that you are prepared to deal with emergencies. You can take small amounts of some fruits and spices in your handbags when you go out.

Consume it when you feel that your sugar levels are rising beyond safe thresholds. Furthermore, some reliable drugs should also be kept close. Few ones to mention are Bromocriptine, acarbose, alogliptin and many more.

You must be clear beforehand regarding the use of these drugs. Consult your doctor in advance to see if you are not getting any side effects or falling allergic to them as many people do. If everything goes fine, keep small doses of them always with you. Carry them along wherever you go. And that’s all for today. It’s a wrap.

I hope you are now confident enough with the selection of appropriate foods during inflated blood sugar levels. The right food coupled with the right habits will fetch you glorious outcomes during your healing process from increased blood sugars to optimal.

Can Diabetics Eat Oranges?

Yes, being a low GI food, Diabetics can eat Oranges safely, without the risk of blood sugar spikes!

The moment a person is diagnosed with diabetes, health consciousness begins right there. People often get unsecured about what to eat, what to limit and what to completely avoid in order to maintain good health. A lot of things will keep boggling in your mind too as you make your way through a thriving diabetes management routine. Remember, the sole motives of any diabetes control therapy include balancing the amount of carbohydrate intake by the body so that blood sugar levels do not rise much and eliminating the chances of obesity as conditions become more adverse if either of the two is allowed to come into play.

As far as the diabetic diet menu is to be concerned, you need to acquire complete information on every type of food you can eat and vice versa as the results will be highly variable for each kind of food. There will be foods you can eat without any risk as well as there will be several fruits and factors you need to limit in your diet and some foods need to be completely removed from your plates.

What kind of fruits you must consider eating during diabetes

Any fruit is considered beneficial for diabetes if it fulfills two basic checkpoints –

  1. Being abundant in fibers
  2. Having a low glycemic index

The reason that citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruits (not grapes), lemon and pomelo are considered as superfoods for diabetes is that it perfectly suits the above-mentioned factors. Not only this, they are immensely rich in vitamin C, folates, potassium along with excellent amounts of calcium and vitamin D.

Glycemic Index (GI) is a rating allotted to various foods in a range of 1 to 100 on the basis of how fast the carbohydrates from the particular food causes a spike in blood sugar levels. Accordingly, the fruits are judged and the beneficial ones are chosen out of a crowd mainly if they are low in glycemic index and high in fibers.

Although some naturally sweet fruits are loaded with carbohydrates, they might be still low in terms of glycemic index. In the majority of fruits that are considered diabetes-friendly, high amounts of fibers compensate for the high amounts of carbohydrates making it healthy and desirable for diabetics. Therefore, you must never judge the fruit just by its sweetness, it may still help you to cope up with your healthcare enrichment during increased blood sugar.

Have a look at the list of fruits with low GI value you should definitely consume during diabetes with no risk at all

  • Oranges
  • Apples
  • Avocados
  • Strawberry
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Grapes

These are assigned a glycemic index score between 40-43 making them a healthy choice for diabetics.

Also, know about fruits with medium GI value you can eat during diabetes but in less amounts

  • Honeydew melon
  • Figs
  • Papaya
  • Pineapple
  • Mangoes

These fruits are assigned the glycemic index score in the range of 59-69, therefore, consume them in lesser amounts keeping in mind the target for safe blood sugar levels.

The fruits which have very high GI value and need to be ceased from consuming during diabetes are 

  • Dates
  • Watermelon
  • Dry fruits

These fruits are assigned the glycemic index score of 70-92 and are dangerous to eat in case of hyperglycemia.

How good are oranges for diabetics

How good are oranges for diabetics

To begin with, oranges being a member of the citrus fruits family is regarded as ideal food to be a part of the diabetic diet chart by American Diabetes Association (ADA). This gives the diabetic patients a green signal for eating oranges with no significant risk of shooting up blood sugar levels.

Oranges come in wide varieties – Valencia, Navel, Blood orange, Mandarin, Caracara and Seville all are loaded with powerful antioxidants and are nutritious enough to enhance your overall health management causing no harm to your blood glucose levels. Oranges contain carbohydrates with low GI, less than 55. This means that they will be digested, absorbed and metabolized by the body gradually stabilizing the blood sugar levels.

Numerous benefits of eating oranges during diabetes

There is no doubt in the remarkable properties of oranges to boost up natural immunity of the body. Now, it’s time to recognize their plentiful positive contributions to diabetic care.

Oranges are the wholesome food nurtured with more than 80 nutrients enclosing thiamin, riboflavin, niacin folates, phosphorus, magnesium, manganese, copper, selenium and vitamin B-6. The most fascinating thing to emphasize is that this fantastic fruit satiates 100% need of vitamin C your body requires for a day. Whether it is about increasing innate immunity or protection of skin from tanning as a result of sunlight, all of us are known to have essential requirements for vitamin C to be taken by our bodies.

Moreover, powerful antioxidants present in it fight against free radicals which reduce the threat of developing oxidative stress during diabetes. To elaborate more, every variety of orange is enveloped with about 170 different phytochemicals which play a key role in lessening the increased blood sugar levels and approximately 60 flavonoids that have anti-inflammatory effects. Being low in calories and enormous in fibers, they safeguard your body against elevated blood sugar levels. All these factors are convincing enough to include oranges in your daily diet for a healthier lifestyle.

How many oranges should you eat on a daily basis

A medium-sized orange confers a minimal amount of carbohydrates to your body ranging anywhere between 15-18 grams. Besides this, a single 15 gram orange provides you with 250 milligrams of potassium and 1 gram of protein. Not to forget, you are going to obtain fairly adequate amounts of fibers too.

According to the counting system laid down by National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse, 15 grams are equivalent to one serving, this, in turn, corresponds to a single orange as one orange also weighs 15 grams on an average. So, plan your calorie intake keeping the same in mind. If your permissible levels are up to 2000 calories per day, you can eat 2 to 3 servings of fruit daily but you need to balance this along with the measurements of other meals you take. Just to give a basic idea, a single chapati made with all-purpose flour contains 200 calories. 2000 calories account for 500 grams of carbohydrates which means 45 to 60 grams per meal.

You need to be careful with this amount and make sure that the total calorie intake level does not exceed beyond your allowable calories per day. You will considerably receive a guide from your doctor regarding the guidance for your permitted calorie levels or you can yourself consult your doctor about this.

In general, people with type 2 diabetes are advised to limit their calorie intake from 1500-1800 grams per day for women and 1400-2000 grams per day for men.

What is the ideal time to eat fruits

Is there really any best time to eat fruits? Have you heard about some lame assertions like “best time to eat fruits is during afternoons” or “fruits should be eaten only during the morning hours when the stomach is empty otherwise they will make digestion difficult if taken along with regular meals“. Surprisingly, if you infer properly then all such myths contrast each other because neither of them makes any logical sense nor they have any scientific basis hence, we termed them as lame. In fact, when fruit with high fiber content coupled with food rich in proteins is eaten in the form of regular basic meals, it will cause your stomach to release food in small intestine more slowly thereby preventing postprandial diabetes and subsequent rise of blood sugar levels.

Fibers are excellent at speeding down the absorption of food. The sugars will enter the blood at retarded rates having no negative impact on blood glucose levels. The only exception is the case of gestational diabetes as a person undergoing this problem must avoid eating fruits in morning hours to get rid of any possible complications. This is because some specific hormones are secreted during pregnancy which attain their peak levels during the morning and are probably linked with causing a hike in blood sugar levels.

Hence, there is no such preferred time which can be considered best or ideal for eating fruits, all the popular sayings you heard till date are merely a myth. There is no evidence to support the fact that you should avoid taking fruits with meals or consider taking them in the afternoon.

Extra stroke tips

  • Remember, you have to eat oranges as a whole and not in the form of juice. If you buy ready-made orange juice or any other packaged fruit juice from the market, they will contain added preservatives and high sugar content for sure. Hereafter, all the nutritional perks are lost and you are left with just a harmful drink which will be heightening the diabetes-related health problems.
  • If you still have the craving for juice, choose to make your own juice without adding table sugar, just go naturally by squeezing the juicy orange liquid after alienating the seeds and stir with water.
  • Make a healthy fruit salad containing nourishing fresh fruits. Agglomerate the oranges, apples, pears, grapes, strawberries, and other similar worthwhile fruits together, cut it into pieces and sprinkle black salt over it. Enjoy your healthy snack with no stress and burden of securing your blood glucose levels.
  • There are innumerable refreshing recipes you can try out with oranges. If you explore the internet, you will find a vast collection of mouth-watering recipes that are specifically created for diabetes. Nutty orange cakes made with Splenda brown sugar (which is a low-calorie artificial sweetener) are worth mentioning here. Cakes are a source of delight for everyone and they make up your day amusing. From orange muffins to creamy orange smoothies, there is a lot more to try your hands on. Also, if you are a non-veg lover, then you must try out grilled orange – mustard chicken recipe to cheer up your cravings without any guilt. You will be free from the tension of inflation in blood sugar as all of them are entirely in compliance with diabetes. These wonderful recipes have no definite end!
  • Buy a suitable guide or book containing all the necessary authentic information one needs to know for governing the disease with ease.
  • If you are a novice at diabetes management, then having a courteous diet planner app “Beat Diabetes” is a high recommendation for you. This best-rated app comprising of a perfect menu chart for diabetic patients giving a complete array of foods to eat as well as foods to avoid.

fruits

Concluding words

The question that was put forward at the beginning of the article was “can diabetics eat oranges?”. We made persistent efforts to elaborate it in the most comprehensive manner throughout the article making you familiar with the top-notch information at our best.

Well, the crystal clear answer to this question is yes, you can definitely eat about 3 to 4 oranges a day despite being diabetic causing no additional harm to your health irrespective of the type of diabetes you are diagnosed with. Citrus fruits are no less than an angel food for someone fighting with diabetes and feeling the lack of natural refreshment addons for the body. You can eat oranges at any time of the day either solitary or tie up them with your other meals. Obviously, you need to eat fruits within the limits to monitor your blood sugar levels and keep them to a safe extent and so is the condition in case of oranges as well.

To be sure regarding other fruits and foods, reading standard books and diabetes guides is a favorable method. Surf the internet or take the help of apps available for Android as well as iPhones. Don’t be anxious to eat any food without being aware of its nutritious composition instead try to avoid unnecessary complications and dilemmas.

A well maintained and balanced diet is the most important strategy to follow for successful monitoring of diabetes. If you really want to grab the control over this ever-increasing disease and want to defeat it triumphantly, you have to switch on to a strictly disciplined lifestyle consisting only of a healthy diet and health-enhancing habits. There can be no room for careless unhealthy activities and stuff.

Normal Blood Sugar Levels in India and Common Tests

Normal Blood Sugar Levels in India and Common Tests

Diabetes is becoming the third most common disease driving people to death both in India and abroad. With more than 1 million cases recorded every year, it has become the burning issue of the time to get a hold over this disease which can prove to be fatal if not checked within the right time.

India is a land of festivals and here no festival is marked complete without the preparation of sweets. People love to exchange sweets with relatives and acquaintances during each and every occasion. But they often ignore the health risks these sweets bring with them which never spares anyone irrespective of emotions and celebrations.

It’s high time now and people need to realize that they ought to put the limit on their carbohydrate and calorie intake. Everyone should be aware of the symptoms that attribute to pre-diabetes and instantly reach out to physicians or endocrinologists in no time to get the rightly diagnosed without having any second thought as delaying will only worsen your problem.

The more you delay, the more you openly invite many deadly diseases besides diabetes. Diabetes is creating a room at such a rapid rate that no one is free from its grudges whether kids, teenagers or adults. Anyone can fall victim when deprived of the adoption of the right measures. A regular blood sugar checkup along with a balanced intake of carbohydrates is a must eliminate the circumstances for diabetes to arrive.

What are normal blood sugar levels in India

What are normal blood sugar levels in India

Your blood sugar levels are in favor of good health if they tend to be less than 100mg/dL after going without eating for 8 hours (referred to as fasting in medical terminology ). Also, blood sugar levels do not exceed beyond 140mg/dL from two hours after eating to be on the safe side. The blood sugar levels are lowest before meals during day time being in the range of 60 – 90mg/dL and less than 180mg/dL after meals. The preferably secure range during bedtime is 100-140mg/dL and approximately 100mg/dL is considered ideal before exercise.

However, normal blood sugar levels may vary from person to person largely depending upon the lifestyle they follow, age group to which they belong and the kind of diet they take.

The above-mentioned figures are the most standard readings for adult people in accordance with the general medical guidelines.

Here’s a sneak peek into the optimally safe blood sugar levels categorized on the basis of different age groups of people.

Normal Blood Sugar level Chart for Children

Readings after fasting – 80 to 180mg/dL

  • Readings before meals – 90 to 180mg/dL

  • Readings before exercise – approximately 150mg/dL

  • Readings during bedtime – 100-180mg/dL

  • HbA1c readings – 8%

 Normal Blood Sugar levels for Teenagers and Young People

  • Readings after fasting – 70 to 150mg/dL

  • Readings before meals – 90 to 130mg/dL

  • Readings before exercise – approximately 150mg/dL

  • Readings during bedtime – 90 to 150mg/dL

  • HbA1c readings – up to 7.5%

  

Normal Blood Sugar Levels for Pregnant Women

  • Readings after fasting – less than 95%

  • Readings before exercise – less than 95%

  • Readings 2 hours after meals – less than 120mg/dL

  • HbA1c readings – less than 6%

When to approach a Specialist for diagnosis and medication

Under normal circumstances, our body synthesizes and secrets insulin hormone which stimulates cells to absorb the excess of glucose lessening its amount in the bloodstream. But this phenomenon fails during elevated blood sugars and insulin no more transports excessive glucose from the blood to cells and blood sugar levels exceed to a dangerous extent.

The blood sugar levels in the range of 180 to 250mg/dL call for instant checkups and diagnosis. Increased blood sugar is often accompanied by certain symptoms that you should be aware of and seek immediate medical attention as soon as you experience any of the following outcomes.

  1. Feeling more thirsty than usual – whenever a person is diabetic, the body cannot utilize sugar from food. As a result, the person is likely to feel thirsty and tired more often.
  2. Frequent urination – This is the most common symptom that follows pre-diabetes. Kidneys fail to cope up with the excess glucose that builds up in the blood and the osmotic balance of the body gets disturbed. Consequently, excessive glucose is excreted out through urine along with other body fluids.
  3. Weightloss carbohydrates are the main source of energy for our bodies. These are broken down into simpler sugars which fuel up our body providing energy to carry out all living functions. Diabetes hinders insulin in its activity to promote uptake of sugars by the cells. Eventually, cells are deprived of their energy requirements so the body starts burning fats stored in the liver and muscles to meet its energy demands leading to an overall decrease in a person’s body weight.
  4. Bloating most pre-diabetic, as well as diabetic patients, complain of bloating and troubling stomach aches which arise due to delaying in the digestion process. Food remains in the stomach for a longer time reasonably causing building up of gases and even ulcers.

Common tests for diabetes

1. Glycosylated hemoglobin test

Also known as glycated hemoglobin test or HbA1c test. Our blood cells appear red dominantly because of the presence of the iron-protein complex called hemoglobin. When sugar sticks to these proteins of hemoglobin, it is called as glycosylated sugar.

This is one of the most common tests for diabetes and is the first choice of physicians. The reason is that the measurement of HbA1c gives the idea of how much sugar is present in the blood for the recent three months which in turn gives the basic idea of how the body is managing the sugar. Small amounts of blood samples are taken and blood sugar levels are estimated for a period of 2 to 3 months. It gives fairly accurate measurements and the outline of the results is summarised as –

5.7% – non-diabetic

5.7 to 6.4% – pre-diabetic stage

6.5% – high risk for diabetes

The fluctuations in results may occur in the case of pregnant women or people with special hemoglobin. The doctors in such cases will recommend another diabetes test for confirmation.

2. Fasting Blood Sugar Test

Just to wipe off any confusion from your mind, “fasting” here simply means without eating anything for 8 to 12 hours. This is an essential thing to do before going for a diabetes test. HbA1c test doesn’t require to go for fasting before the test but this is extremely necessary to get precise results during other several tests.

Nevertheless, in Fasting Blood Sugar Test, a small sample of blood is drawn after an overnight fast and taken for testing. Readings less than 100mg/dL indicate normal blood sugar but the range of 100 – 120mg/dL marks pre-diabetes and over 126mg/dL is directly an alarming rate for diabetes.

3. Lipid Profile Test

Increased cholesterol levels too pave the threat for diabetes and many more health anomalies. Accordingly, people who have rigorously high cholesterol are much likely to have high blood sugar as well. Blood test for lipids which thoroughly checks for cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglycerides is necessary as a part of the clinical diabetic diagnosis.

4. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT)

This test is to be performed in the morning after fasting for 8 to 10 hours during night time. Fasting blood sample is collected and then a person is further administered with a dose of specifically prepared glucose drink made by dissolving 75 grams of glucose in 300ml of water as strictly recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). After two hours of consuming this drink, one more blood sample is collected.

The results which attribute to diabetes are outlined as –

Fasting blood sample value – >126mg/dL

Value recorded two hours after the consumption of glucose drink – >200mg/dL

The readings which assure no risk for diabetes are concluded as –

Fasting blood sample value – <110mg/dL

Value recorded 2 hours after consumption of glucose drink – <140mg/dL 

5. Gestational diabetes test

This test is particularly done to check the diabetic risk in pregnant women. The person has to drink the same liquid as in the case of OGTT. The first blood sample is taken before administering the drink and then some more samples are taken after 2 hours and 3 hours from the drinking of glucose liquid. Any dilation in blood glucose levels above the reference safe limits either during fasting or other samples points towards positive gestational diabetes and becomes a matter of concern.

 Gestational diabetes test for Blood Sugar Levels

6. Random Plasma Glucose Test

This test doesn’t require the need for fasting and can be done at any time during the daylight hours, hence, titled as “random”. The readings above 200mg/dL most probably represent the onset of diabetes but usually, another blood sugar test needs to be performed for an accurate and assured assertion.

Blood sugar testing at home

You will totally comply with the fact that technology has made our lives easy to just another level. Every now and then, we get the benefits of some unsurpassed services offered by digital devices of the 21st century. Similarly, one such device is glucose monitor kits and glucose meters which can be regulated at the comforts of our homes to assist us better in diabetes management.

Traditional home glucose monitoring

This involves few simple steps commencing with pricking a finger with sharp needle “lancet” after carefully cleaning the fingertip with spirit or rubbing alcohol for the purpose of sterilization. Next is putting the blood drop on the test strip and placing that strip into a meter that simultaneously displays your blood sugar levels. You must keep track of all your readings perfectly organized. Note down the time, exact readings and last food intake before the testing with thorough care in your logbook so that this log can be shared with your doctor in case of any emergency or issues and each can be sorted at its best.

You can easily find blood glucose meters and strips at your local medical stores and not to forget you are absolutely liberal to order them online at greatest convenience.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring kits

For CGM, a person is supposed to wear a monitor for 24 hours a day to record blood glucose levels on a regular ongoing basis. This generates an accurate picture of glucose levels and fluctuations generated in blood sugar levels throughout the day. These kits may be not affordable for all due to high prices. Some of the really good companies to manufacture these kits are Accucheck, Dexcom, Apollo Sugar, Medlife diabetes health kit and many others.

Moreover, it’s worth mentioning some Android apps which can be synced with glucose monitors to make the process more handy. One such app is the Mysugr app which can be synced across all glucometers in no time and you can send all the data directly to your doctor to have regular control without the need of going anywhere. BG monitor diabetes is another such app that automatically generates your insulin amounts that suits you in accordance with the target numbers fed by you.

Glucose Buddy app feasibly connects with your Dexcom monitors and lets you easily keep a manual track of all your exercises diet.

Concluding words

To lead a diabetes-free life, you need to be agile and aware enough of the conditions and must be extremely careful regarding all the necessary diagnosis and medication linked with it. Looking at the present statics of the disease, it is considered beneficial to advise to go for blood sugar checkups at regular intervals to avoid problems before they grow up to disastrous heights. Be extra cautious to observe any diabetes-related symptoms in you and the people around you.

Proceed and book your appointment for the test with the trusted doctor as early as possible. Nowadays, most diseases and especially diabetes is completely curable if detected during the early stages. Your laziness may impel you to pay a hearty price later on. So, better to eradicate the problem in its initial nurturing phase only. That’s only a possible and practical way to tackle diabetes presently.