Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome: Diet Plan for Indian Women

The polycystic ovarian syndrome is a disease growing progressively in Indian women these days. Therefore, we found coming up with a diet plan for Indian women suffering from PCOS, the utmost necessity of the time.

Recently made studies reveal that 1 out of 10 women in India is likely to get diagnosed with the polycystic ovarian syndrome. Mostly, women in reproductive age or teenage girls are the most susceptible targets of the disease.

To clear the dust for everyone, PCOS is a condition when ovaries in females start developing small follicles filled with fluids. As a result, the menstrual cycle becomes irregular.

The actual cause of this ovarian syndrome is still unclear to the doctors but there is a belief that excess male hormone called androgen is produced in females which leads to the onset of such a disorder. Due to an excess of androgen being made, the egg releasing process from ovaries is suppressed.

This further leads to obesity, insulin resistance, hormonal imbalance, and inflammation, and so on.

PCOS is one of the common causes of infertility and deteriorating the health of young women. It becomes a serious condition if left untreated.

Luckily. The good thing is that this commonly growing disease in society is treatable. Women can still get pregnant and maintain a healthy gestation term even with this syndrome.

But the common question that keeps lingering in PCOS- inflicted women is – can PCOS be treated through proper diet? The answer is yes.

Foods can be your savior if you are finding it difficult to gain control over this disease. Since there is no permanent cure for this disease, the only option is to decrease the impact to the least extent possible.

There are many ways to minimize the effect of disease on you. Turning on to a healthy diet besides the medication will fetch great results.

What are Treatment Techniques are Generally Applied For PCOS?

Hormonal birth control

Hormonal birth control is the most common method for treating PCOS. This is the most efficient method as it works on the root cause of the disease. The method aims to revert the disordered hormones functions to normal.

Metformin

Metformin

 

Polycystic ovarian syndrome often accompanies by insulin resistance and obesity. Metformin is a drug that works to improve insulin production in the body and increase the activity of the same. It also helps patients to lose weight.

Spironolactone

Spironolactone

Spironolactone is another drug in the series of PCOS treatment medication. This drug lessens the effect of male hormones, testosterone in the body. When this is used by females with excessive growth of androgens in them, the effects are reduced and functions of ovaries can be optimized again.

According to experts, weight management is the key to manage PCOS disease. For managing weight at its best, a balanced diet plan can be your biggest weapon.

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Below is the list of foods that are good to involve in the diet plan of women suffering from PCOS. 

1. Low GI Foods

Low GI Foods

Low glycaemic index foods promise a smaller number of calories. Lesser the number of calories, lesser will be the impact on the female hormones that are causing raised blood glucose levels in a woman afflicted with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

This hormone is called insulin. In PCOS, insulin is not secreted much, so blood sugar levels cannot be kept under check. If you consume low-GI foods like whole fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. Some of the dairy products and nuts are included in the list too.

High-GI foods include pastries, cakes, sweets, and biscuits made from sugar and Maida.

2. Healthy Fats

walnuts

The word ‘fat’ has a very heavy effect on our female brains. We need not bother much about it. The only thing you need to do to avoid getting fat is to start consuming healthy fats.

Healthy fats include oily fish, avocados, coconuts, olive oil, unsalted nuts, and seeds. Nuts and seeds like walnuts, flaxseeds, pistachios, almonds, sunflower seeds, and pecan nuts. Healthy fats are the key members that maintain the cell walls. Foods that contain omega-3 fatty acids can be consumed.

The only two fats you should avoid are trans fats and saturated fats. Trans fats include doughnuts, frozen pizza, and French fries. Saturated fats include processed meat.

3. Green Leafy Vegetables

Green Leafy Vegetables

Throughout our childhood, our mothers have made us obey their constant reminders of ‘have green leafy vegetables, get green leafy vegetables, cook them, eat them’.

For PCOS, which has a deficiency of Vitamin B, green leafy veggies are going to be your saviors! Symptoms like irregular periods, obesity, hirsutism, and insulin resistance can all be handled well by the power of spinach or Palak, lettuce or salad, dried beans, legumes, lentils, and broccoli.

They are blessed with micronutrients like iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, Vitamin K, Vitamin C, and Vitamin E. Spinach can increase folate content in your body during pregnancy.

4. Colored Vegetables

Colored Vegetables

In PCOS, insulin resistance is found. This insulin resistance causes the production of free radicals in the body. These free radicals cause damage to the cells of the body and cause early aging.

In foods, you need anti-oxidants that can destroy these free radicals. In colored vegetables, like tomatoes, carrots, capsicum- green, red, and yellow, sweet potatoes, eggplant, or baingan. These foods can reduce the oxidative stress seen in PCOS-inflicted women.

5. Fruits

Fruits

For PCOS, you are recommended to consume dark rest fruits like blackberries, blueberries, red grapes, and cherries. These fruits are high in fiber. Fibrous fruits are known to reduce blood sugar levels.

Thereby helps in reducing the amount of insulin produced. It can aid in weight loss for women with PCOS generally suffer from weight gain. Fruits like raw banana can help in preventing PMS (pre-menstrual syndrome).

It has the power to prevent cramps, spotting, and migraine. In PCOS, low-GI fruits should be consumed like pears, plums, grapefruit, coconut, kiwi, oranges, and apples.

6. Liquid Food Items:

a.      Recipe of blackberry and blueberry smoothie for PCOS:

  • 1 cup plain yogurt
  • 2 cups ice
  • 2 cups blueberries
  • 2 cups blackberries
  • 1 cup 1 percent milk
  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla extra

Mix all the ingredients in a blender. Serve immediately.

b.      Recipe of protein chocolate smoothie for PCOS:

  • 1 banana
  • 1 cup almond milk
  • 1 cup of ice
  • 2 tablespoons of cocoa powder
  • 1 tablespoon of flax seeds
  • 2 tablespoons of peanut butter (optional)
  • 1 scoop of protein powder (your favorite)
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Mix all the ingredients in a blender. Serve immediately.

7. Green Tea

Green-Tea

Women who suffer from PCOS mainly experience chronic inflammation that could cause cardiovascular complications in some. Green tea could induce weight loss in such women, also if it is taken for long, the inflammation caused due to PCOS could reduce to some extent.

Green tea helps in improving your metabolism. Symptoms like hirsutism can also be improved through it. It causes both reduction in insulin resistance as well as body weight. Green tea is a powerhouse of antioxidants beneficial for reducing oxidative stress that is caused by PCOS. Stress precipitates PCOS, and green tea is good for it.

8. Healthy Soups

Healthy Soups

a.      Apple and Onion Soup Recipe

  • 3 small cut apples
  • 6 cups fat-free and low-sodium vegetable broth (rassa)
  • 2 small onions
  • 1 tablespoon olive oil
  • ½ tablespoon chopped rosemary
  • ½ tablespoon fresh thyme

Heat them well over medium heat. Shake for 10minutes. Enjoy your soup!

b. Tango Tomato Soup with Basil

Tango Tomato Soup with Basil

  • 2-3 tomato mixture
  • 1 tablespoon of olive oil
  • 3 garlic cloves
  • 2 tablespoons of freshly chopped basil
  • ½ tablespoon of apple cider vinegar
  • ¼ tablespoon of salt

Heat them well for 5-10 minutes. Turn off heat and stir in basil. Serve hot. And, enjoy your soup!

9. Brown Rice

Brown Rice

Unlock the magic of brown rice as it is blessed with more than required fibrous grains for your body. Most people run away at the mention of rice, especially the ones who are obese.

Here’s a bowl of brown rice with all its mystical properties of lowering insulin levels, fighting oxidative stress with the help of oxidants, lowering of inflammation, and promoting the production of healthy gut bacteria.

It is a rich source of Vitamin B and keeps your weight in check. If you experience irregular periods, then the iron content present in brown rice can make up for the lost blood.

10. Multigrain Biscuits

Multigrain Biscuits

Biscuits in India are mostly made from Maida. Maida means weight-gain and saying goodbye to weight loss meal plans. Weight gain is one of the major symptoms of PCOS. So, consuming biscuits that are made from Maida is out of the question.

Instead, biscuits made from multigrain or whole grains are not just healthy, but also fat-free and full of fiber. Fibrous foods like multigrain biscuits can help in reducing insulin resistance and promoting healthy gut bacteria. Every 3-5 hours snacking is required by the body of a PCOS-inflicted woman, and, multigrain biscuits are the solution.

Foods to Avoid on a PCOS Diet

The diet plan for PCOS would be incomplete without mentioning the foods you need to limit. Hence, below is the list of foods you must avoid to keep away all the adverse circumstances.

1. Refined carbs

Refined carbs are empty calories, they don’t provide you any energy, rather a lot is sugar is loaded in your body that only harms you. Therefore, it’s better to avoid refined carbs.

There is also another good reason to switch off these bad carbs. Eating less refined carbs will lead to weight loss. This, in turn, brings the androgen levels down. Moreover, excessive hair growth, acne, anovulation, and abnormal menstrual cycles, all will come under control.

The common foods containing refined carbohydrates you must be ignored are:

  • Pizza
  • White bread
  • White rice
  • pasta

2. Sugary beverages

While some of the homemade juices squeezed out of fresh fruits might be healthy, bottled juices are just a storehouse of harmful sugars. Stay away from packaged sugar beverages, candies, and sauces. If you have cravings for the juice, prepare one at home by yourself. The fruits must be favorable for the PCOS diet, remember this.

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Some sugar-loaded drinks to avoid are:

  • Bottled juices
  • Cold-pressed drinks
  • Soda
  • Candies
  • Packaged fruit juice

3. Trans and Saturated Fats

The kind of fats like the ones found in over-processed meats is sure to harm your health during such a condition. It is important to rely on healthy fats that fetch essential vitamins to the body, not the ones that can invite inflammation.

In case you are wondering which fats to avoid, we have a checklist for you:

  • Processed red meat
  • Burgers
  • Doughnuts
  • Pizza
  • French fries

Above are the foods with trans and saturated fats, which you need to avoid.

 

4. Dairy Products

According to published research in an international magazine, limiting the number of dairy products can significantly help to lose weight.

There is a special case where your body might be intolerant towards dairy products. In such a case, you need not restrict dairy products in your diet. However, if you are sensitive towards dairy diet, then say no to foods listed below:

  • Processed cheese
  • Yogurt with added sugar (go for plain Greek yogurt instead)
  • Ice-creams
  • Cakes and candies with heavily loaded sugars

5. Alcohol

Women with PCOS already have high rates of fatty liver and alcohol will worsen the situation further. In other words, alcohol is a toxin for women with PCOS.

Besides this, distance yourself from cocktails loaded with sugary mixtures and canned cocktails. If possible, the wise option would limit going to parties where you are forced into consuming such things. You need not attend every party, right?

Final Thoughts

PCOS is a challenging disease with many complications. Things can yet be made smooth with the right tactics.

If you are eating nutritious food, you will become healthy naturally. And a healthy body has the power to fight against all diseases and infections.

This PCOS friendly diet plan chart was much needed by Indian women. With all the hope that this effort of ours eased your life in some aspect, we take leave for now.

Keep reading. Stay healthy.

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Dr Sharon Baisil MD

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