Everything about Diabetes: Causes, Effects, Symptoms, Risks, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Diabetes Causes Effects Symptoms Risks, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention

Diabetes, termed as Diabetes mellitus in medical terminology is a metabolism related disorder characterized by destabilizing levels of gluocose in bloodstream.

With 42 million people already in its grudges, diabetes has justified it’s position as the most common disease in today’s society, worldwide. This number is yet to inflate more by the end of 2024. The statics could be comprehended somewhat as 4 out of every 5 people will be diabetics.

Even today, at least one member in every family is diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes. You can analyze your own case in this context. Are we guessing it right? The impact is in such a way that more and more people are switching towards the use of sugar-free foodstuffs.

The market for calorie-free sweeteners is already on fire and will extend further in the coming years too. The huge count of diabetic individuals in India and abroad laid a necessity to emphasize its causes, symptoms, tests, and treatments in a most accurate manner.

Creating awareness on a large scale to make it noticeable by the people and masses everywhere on the topic of immediate concern.  Because this disease is not confined to any particular age, gender, blood group, country and so on. It can happen to anyone irrespective of other variables.

It further intensifies the need for addressing all the speculations linked with the disease with proper and authentic information.  By doing so, people can up with the rightful measures towards timely prevention and control of this ever increasing disease.

Types of diabetes

Types of diabetes

Diabetes is classified into four gross categories.

Pre-diabetes – as the name clarifies, this is the stage prior to the onset of actual diabetes. This means a person is just on the verge of formulating diabetes. One side takes to large doses of medicines and the other side leads to a healthy diet with some restrictions, good amount of physical exercise. The choice is still there.

The optimistic facet remains that prediabetes is completely curable and person can successful curb the circumstances towards prosperous life with no place for diabetes medicines. Of course, this requires a lot of discipline, fixed diet patterns, appropriate exercise and other prescriptions by the specialists for some duration.

Type 1 diabetes – the less common but still dreadful when occur. The body is deprived of insulin production. Insulin, the key hormone of carbohydrate metabolism is synthesized by the pancreas.

Due to some unknown auto-immune causes, beta cells of the pancreas which are the major arena for producing insulin get destroyed. The supply of insulin in the body is greatly suppressed and this eventually leads to a heightening of blood sugar levels. Such a category of people frequently needs insulin doses to keep up with blood glucose metrics.

Type 2 diabetes – this is the most common class of diabetes in the present day scenario.

The spec which alienates type 2 diabetes from type 1 is that here body continues to produce insulin but unfortunately, not in sufficient amounts. Comparatively less magnitude of insulin is generated than that in the body of a normal healthy individuals.

Often, in this case, the body develops insulin resistance. The further scenario is such that excess glucose persisting in the blood is not taken up by the cells.  The cells are deprived of energy as well as sugar levels of the body are extremely high. This is the most feared dual disadvantage of type 2 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes – diabetes which only marks its onset in pregnant women and not in any other person.  pregnancy arrives with multifarious changes in the physiology of the body functions. The body witness an enormous change in the hormonal count, developmental processes and some morphological changes do occur.

How will you come to know whether you or any of your acquaintances are falling probe to diabetes?  There are some quite apparent commonly felt symptoms to recognize the need for diagnosis and check ups.

Feeling thirsty: because your body is unable to regulate sugars in a proper way.

Frequent urination: because kidneys fail to cope up with excessive blood glucose.

Tiredness and fatigue: because body cells are starved of energy. They are unable to absorb glucose.

Bloating: due to inefficient digestive functions. Food remains in the stomach for longer hours resulting in aches.

Weight loss: natural starvation faced by body cells as all the glucose is either remaining in blood or flushed out without absorption by the kidneys.

Blurred vision: this is a combined consequence of diabetic retinopathy and neuropathy. Gradual healing of wounds: due to poor blood circulation prompted by high blood sugar.

A sudden outburst of sores and blisters: the exact cause is yet to be discovered but diabetes triggers certain integumentary problems.

Exclusive symptoms


There are some gender specific symptoms in both men and women. The general symptoms as discussed above are common to every individual.


Diabetes leads to decreases stamina and sexual reluctance in men. Some cases may involve erection dysfunctions and decrement in muscle strength.


Women highly become vulnerable to urinary tract infections during the dominance of diabetes. Infections in the vagina, ovary, and birth canal can be significant signs for seeking immediate medical attention.

Furthermore, the skin may turn dry along with itchiness. Mood swings too become apparent.

Lesser Known diabetes symptoms

Lesser Known diabetes symptoms

Diabetes does have some lesser know symptoms too. Not every patient or person is aware of such uncertainties. These are;

  • Chest pains
  • Nervous disorders
  • Gum diseases
  • Skin tags
  • Acanthosis nigricans
  • Xanthelasma
  • Bullosis diabetricorum
  • Eruptive xanthomatosis
  • Hearing loss

Get detailed insights about lesser Know signs and warnings for type 2 diabetes

Causes of diabetes 

Causes of diabetes

By now, you are already familiar with different types of diabetes, each one of which is triggered by a different cause. This cause actually forms the basis for the classification of this disease.

Type 1 – due to reasons which are yet to be discovered, this occurs when the immune system attacks beta cells of the pancreas which are major sites of insulin production in the human body. The exact cause of this auto immune disease still lies unclear and is currently under research by the experts of the field.

Type 2 – either body fails to produce enough insulin or lacks sensitivity towards the action of insulin. There are many reasons concluded by researchers for such a widespread prevalence of type 2 diabetes, the accusing fingers prominently point towards genetic and lifestyle factors.

People who find themselves in agreement with the following criteria must be more cautious with the risk for developing type 1 diabetes;

  • Being obese
  • Being above the age of 45
  • Having parents or siblings with type 2 diabetes
  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle with less physical activities
  • High blood pressure
  • High cholesterol
  • High triglycerides count
  • If diagonosed with prediabetes
  • Have suffered gestational diabetes during pregnancy

Gestational diabetes – The most pragmatic change is the formulation of important tissue placenta which forms a bridge between the body of the mother and growing child. Placenta produces several hormones essential for the healthy grooming of a fetus.  Now, as a fetus grows, the placenta produces more and more hormones. These placental hormones prompt for rising in blood sugar levels. This process continues for months and ultimately comes a stage when the blood sugar range of body surpasses the safe limits. This marks the onset of gestational diabetes.

This could be controlled by taking into consideration some gross measures like proper weight management prior to diabetes and getting more alert if the women are already suffering from type 2 diabetes.

Women are at high risk and must plan a mandatory appointment with the healthcare providers if;

  • You are overweight
  • Your age is more than 25 years
  • You developed gestational diabetes in the previous term too.
  • You have a family history of women suffering from the same disease
  • You are diagnosed with polycystic ovary syndrome

Complications and risks linked with Diabetes

Complications and risks linked with Diabetes

 Heart-related disorders

The chances for the occurrence of strokes and cardiac arrest increases four folds. Angina is also the threatening factor which readily comes into effect in most of the cases.


Several nerve bundles of the body, notably those which form a part of the peripheral nervous system get damaged.


The term is given to the condition when nerve supplies of the eye are affected and injured due to hyperglycemic conditions.

The results can be diminishing of vision, blurred image formation and eyes get swollen too.


 The word nephro relates to kidneys in every context. Diabetic nephropathy is when kidneys fail to function optimally as a result of high blood sugar. Clinically, this can be tested when urine contains proteins that get leaked by defective kidneys. The most visible symptoms are swelling in the lower part of the legs and loss of appetite.

Skin ailments

Skin infections become common. The situation can be accompanied by sudden outbursts of blisters, round and small or large which don’t heal easily. Though they are painless but worrisome. Thankfully, there are ample lotions and ointments available in the market for the revival of the same.


Stress can cause diabetes as well as can be the outcome of diabetes. Diabetic patient often feels tired all day long but one should try to be optimistic as much as he/she can. This can be done through proper exercise and meditation which expels out negative vibes out if body and confers soothing effect to the mind.

Foot damage

Diabetic foot diseases are as common as diabetes itself. The thing is that the majority of people fail to realize that these weird symptoms can be an undesired invite for diabetes. It can be anything like pains, corns, calluses, swelling, cracks around heels, open sores, fungus growth and change in skin color.


Very much similar to Alzheimer’s disease in terms of symptoms, dementia is a miserable health condition when a person is subjected to memory loss and unable to make judgments. The causes can be many. Diabetes is one of them. Prolonged diabetes is an even more crucial situation as it opens the door for the numbness to walk through.


 Never let your body become depleted of water. During this, kidneys secrete hormones that further concentrate sugars leading to sky-high blood sugar levels. Keep drinking water at regular intervals and carry a water bottle while traveling anywhere.

Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome

 The times when blood sugar levels reach beyond 600mg/dL are massively dangerous. This excessive metric turns blood thicker and into syrupy form. The condition is more likely to develop on people with age of more than 40 years. The symptoms felt are extreme thirst and drying of mouth, drowsiness, and convulsions.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

 When cells run out of energy, the body starts burning stored fats to fulfill the energy demands. This brings another trouble to the view. When fats are broken, they produce acids. These acids are ketones that have disastrous effects on health. Vomiting, fatigue and shortened breath are visible signs of the calamitous condition. DKA is more associated with people with type 1 diabetes.

Gestational diabetes concerns

 When blood sugar gets uncontrollably high during pregnancy, then some exceptional complications arrive which are not seen in the case of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.

These hardships can be any among the following;

  • Stillbirths
  • Miscarriage
  • Poor mental development of infant
  • Macrosomia
  • Shoulder dystocia
  • Organ disfigurement in babies
  • Respiratory disorders in babies
  • Abnormal delivery of child
  • Preeclampsia
  • Excess birth weight
  • Premature deliveries

Get a more detailed picture of diabetic complications during gestational diabetes.

Underlying effects of diabetes and it’s association with other chronic diseases

The moment people read the word ‘diabetes’, the view created in their subconscious mind is that of high blood sugar levels. But it’s not simply a rise in blood sugar levels. It fetches a number of other ill effects.

Diabetes and high blood pressure 

It becomes extremely important to gain control over your blood pressure levels, especially if you are a short-tempered person. You desperately need to meditate dear!

Every time your blood pressure rises, your risk for damaging your health rises as well. About three-fourth of the people with type 1 diabetes and one-fourth of the people with type 2 diabetes suffer diabetic hypertension.

Are you the one? Get yourself checked today. Diabetes deteriorate blood vessels, narrows and hardens them. This can further result in heart stroke and kidney failure.

Diabetes and high cholesterol

 If you have any one between high blood sugar and high cholesterol, your condition is equally dangerous. Diabetes and high cholesterol favor each other, and the outcome is worsening of health in both cases. High blood sugars intend for the build-up of ‘bad’ cholesterol in the body. Triglycerides and other low-density lipids lead to diabetic dyslipidemia.

Diabetes and obesity

 Obesity is the leading cause of the onset of diabetes across the globe. Overeating puts pressure on the endoplasmic reticulum, a subcellular organelle for processing more nutrients. Under this pressure, the ER emits out the signal for shutting off insulin receptors in cells. This directly leads to insulin resistance. And once the body develops resistivity towards insulin, your carbohydrate metabolism is going to be badly affected.

Diabetes and smoking

 Yes, people who smoke always have a greater probability of acquiring type 2 diabetes. Not only cancer, but diabetes is also widely screened ailment in people who smoke. Moreover, smoking makes it hard for you to manage diabetes which otherwise can be done with ease. Like, if you have diabetes and still you smoke, then you are two times more likely to face crucial complications linked with diabetes.

Comon tests and diagonosis of diabetes

Comon tests and diagonosis of diabetes

We should be thankful enough to the technical equipment and methodologies. These innovative techniques substantially present before us an accurate picture of what is happening with our blood sugar levels inside the body.

Whether there is a need to control the calories or not is clearly revealed to us. Some tests for diabetes require fasting for 8 hours before the diagnosis procedure begins whereas some do not. Oral glucose tolerance tests rewuires fasting before the precise results could be interpreted. However, there are some tests that don’t require fasting or going without eating food or drinking any liquid. Such are called random blood glucose tests.

Hemoglobin A1C test which is highly preferable by the physicians as the first step in diabetes diagnosis doesn’t comply with the need for fasting. The lipid profile test is yet another suitable way of figuring out the undesired rise of blood sugar. Gestational diabetes is successfully diagonosed by testing the readings two hours after drinking a specifically prepared glucose drink.

Besides, with the advent of home glucose monitoring kit, people can save time by avioding personal visits to the doctors. They can conveniently keep the track of their readings at the comfort of their houses and consult a doctor in case of any discrepancies. You should be well informed about when to approach a doctor.

Different types of diabetes require different drugs and doses depending upon how much your levels are increased, your age group, and if you are also suffering a disease other than diabetes. Whether you are allergic to a particular substance, everything matters while coming up with a stringent prescription. So never hide anything from your doctor and approach at the earliest possible.

Treatment for diabetes

The treatment depends on the type of diabetes one is suffering through. Each category of diabetes has it’s own causes, and therefore specific treatment therapies are undertaken to manage each type.

Type 1 diabetes

 Insulin Treatment for diabetes

As type 1 diabetes makes a person deprived of insulin which is an extremely important hormone for the metabolic phenomenon of the body. Therefore a person is entitled to receive periodic bouts of insulin through injections and other means. Insulin therapy is the most effective method of replacing the function of natural body hormone.

Based on the patient’s need, anyone among the following four types of insulin is given intravenously.

  1. Rapid-acting insulin – this starts working 15 minutes after the intake and works efficiently for up to 4 hours.
  2. Short-acting insulin – the effect begins after 30 minutes of consumption and lasts for 7 to 8 hours with efficacy.
  3. Intermediate acting insulin – this usually commences the activity 1 hour after injecting. It remains potent for 15 to 18 hours.
  4. Long acting insulin – this gas the longest effectively working duration. It takes a few hours for this insulin to become active after consuming but effectiveness lasts for 24 hours.

 Type 2 diabetes

 Type 2 diabetes

The treatment of type 2 diabetes is mainly sustained by drugs and medicines.  Although a balanced diet with appropriate exercise helps a lot, medications ensure the longevity and prosperity of the health of a diabetic individual.

The following nine categories of drugs are the most sought-after and commonly prescribed pharmaceuticals for diabetes.

  1. Alpha glucosidase inhibitor 

These slow down the catabolism of sugars in the body. Acarbose is an excellent example of this category. 

  1. Glucagon like proteinaceous drugs

These alters the way the body responds to insulin. Dulaglutide and liraglutide are the two most common and effective drugs pertaining to this category. 

  1. Meglitinides

Their mode of action is the stimulation of the pancreas for enhanced insulin production. Some imperative medicines in this category are Nateglinide and Repaglinide. 

  1. Beguanides 

This works by limiting the amount of production by the liver. Metformin, the widely used medicine by the diabetic folks falls under this. 

  1. Thiazolidinedione 

It just aids insulin to work more exigent through improved sensitivity by the body. Resiglitazone and Pioglitazone are the most prodigious examples. 

  1. Dipeptidyl peptidase (DPP 4) inhibitor 

It is known for stabilizing blood sugar levels and that too without diminishing them to extremely lower ranges. Sitagliptin used by patients is also a DPP4 inhibitor. 

  1. Sodium glucose transporter (SGL T2) inhibitor

 This propels the body to release more and more excess glucose along with urine thereby lessening its impact in the bloodstream. Canagliflozin and Dapagliflozin are superior varieties of SGL inhibitors. 

  1. Sulfonylureas 

Their mode of action is the same as that of Meglitinides i.e., by stimulating pancreatic glands to increase the quantity of the hormone. The portentous drugs to illustrate are Glyburide, Glipizide, and Glimepuride.

  1. Bile acid sequestrants 

These mainly work by lowering cholesterol content and are partially effective for controlling all levels of blood sugar. This is usually taken in combination with other drugs. Colesevelam is one such medicine. There are some other treatments given to patients in extreme cases.

Insulin therapy – people with type 2 diabetes may also require insulin injections. There are varied forms and kinds of insulin and each one work in doing different mode. But generally preferred ones are long-acting insulin taken at night time, like Levemir and Lantus.

Bariatric surgery – this is a weight-loss oriented surgery performed on people with type 2 diabetes and body massage index greater than 35. The results of this surgery are much relieving and fruitful. 

Gestational diabetes

 The critical complications can be controlled to a good extent through careful alterations in diet plans and prioritized physical exercises. When you are diagnosed with diabetes, usually during the third trimester, the doctor prescribes you specific medicines based on your own needs.

It will depend on how much amount of calories to be consumed, what to limit and what to shake hands with. The right kind of exercise and meditation therapies are essential for keeping away all the anomalies. There may emerge a requirement to check blood sugar reading 2-3 times a day. This ensures you are distant off from the occurrence of adverse health hardships.

Some expectant mother’s manage with diet and exercise alone but many develops the need to turn on to drugs and injections. For such situations, the two most commonly recommended drugs are metformin and Glibenclamide.

Metformin – increases insulin senstivity of body and reduces the amount of glucose produced by liver in the form of glucagon.

Glibenclamide – lowers blood sugar levels by triggering the release of insulin from pancreas in greater magnitudes.

If situation still remains out of control, then the alternative that has to be operated is the use of injections. Drugs can be consumed along with timely injectables for better hold over the glucose levels. These strategies and medications altogether help in conquering gestational diabetes. Also, if women already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes is having gestation period, then also changes in diet, medication and exercises needs to be done. Your gynecologist will help you with this procedure.

Side effects of diabetes drugs

Most of the drugs often impel undesired side effects other than the main action. This is because drugs interact with more than one receptors on body. Just like medications used for HIV causes anemia, the one used for diabetes are no exception.

  1. Hypoglycemia is the broadly witnessed side effect of drugs like sulfonylureas and meglitinides.
  1. Stomach related problems, itchiness, dryness and mild sickness are another array of effects.
  2. Drugs like alpha-glucosidase inhibitors provoke bloating and diarrhea.
  3. Weight gain, anemia, dizziness and liver infections are some commonly observed cases.

The drugs that suits you best will depend upon your individual health traits. Your doctor will provide solutions to overcome all the possible side effects. If you still experience any of them, you must gear up for urgent medical advice.

Diabetes Prevention and Control


Since diabetes doesn’t have any permanent cure, it’s better to be alert and adopt preventive strategies beforehand.

 It’s a well-understood caveat that while good food and good exercise synergies the diabetes treatment therapy, regular monitoring of blood sugar levels still remains the master weapon.

The measures which should be adopted by prediabetic and health-conscious people must be ;

  • Involving physical exercises in daily routine
  • Eating less dishes prepared with table sugar
  • Wiping off some carbohydrates from plate and including more proteins
  • Sugar-free natural sweetening agents which neither contains calories not cause any harmful side effects like development of tumors
  • Replacing table sugar with coconut sugar and raw organic honey
  • Limiting fruits with high glycemic index
  • Avoiding packaged juices, snacks, candies, soda, caffeinated drinks and so on

Exclusive tip – if some day you really feel like eating sweets and delicacies, then start your day with drinking bitter gourd juice in the morning.

This juice is so effective in stabilizing blood sugar levels that even if you eat a bit more sweets and calories, you will not be facing much trouble. This tip can benefit you as in India, often the number of traditional desserts is prepared in homes on festivals and ceremonies. Don’t sacrifice those joyous moments but remember you dare not to take any sweet eatables in excessive amounts. Little bit of sweet can be bearable with the effect of juice but situation will slip out of hand if you fail to control your temptations.

Now, coming on to a healthy diet for flourishing diabetes management. The most suitable foods during diabetes are those which are low in carbohydrates and high in fibers. It is clear to every diabetic that blood sugar levels only go high if the intake of carbohydrates in the body is high. If you are daunting enough to cut off sweet from your meals, your chances of getting into hyperglycemic conditions eventually become very low.

The carbohydrates are essential as they are the prime source of energy for the entire functions of the body. Therefore, the foods with la ow glycemic index are the real game players here. Being low in glycemic index means releasing sugar at a lower rate into the bloodstream when they are consumed. Further, protein-rich menu like pulses and beans will be a great choice.

Exercises that can help to maintain blood sugar readings within a safe range involve many forms from swift walking, cycling, running, swimming to short term workouts, yoga, and deep breathing.

Diabetes-friendly fruits 

  • Apples
  • Avocados
  • Strawberries
  • Oranges
  • Pear
  • Guava

Diabetes-friendly vegetables 

  • Broccoli
  • Spinach
  • Bottle gourd
  • Bitter gourd
  • Carrots
  • Beans

Other health-favoring  foods 

  • Lentils
  • Apple cider vinegar
  • Greek yogurt
  • Berberine

Know more about healthy food choices for diabetes. Know about the best diabetic diet during pregnancy.

Gaining a natural control over blood sugar levels 

Not only allopathic but also ayurvedic system has bestowed upon us numerous boons through the analysis of naturally available products. These products are endowing the potential to beat diabetes with no side effects and in a cost-effective way. The contribution of nature is really huge in offering a victorious solution to counteract over the atrocious rule of elevated blood sugar.

There is a wide array of herbs, spices, and leaves which naturally stimulate glucose levels of blood towards the normal and safer range. Many of them have inherited surplus quantities of antioxidants, fibers, vitamins and chemical compounds which enormously favor better diabetic health. Such are;

  • Neem
  • Tulsi
  • Cinnamon
  • Turmeric
  • Guava leaf
  • Mango leaf
  • Inulin leaf
  • Cloves
  • Aloe vera
  • Collards
  • Gumar
  • Banaba leaf
  • Ivy gourd
  • Shatterstone

Read more about the miraculous properties of some remarkable leaves and spices.

Concluding words

The increase of diabetes at an alarming rate in present-day society has created the need for educating about it to more and more people. The disease is such a convoluted that many people fail to realize what all is happening with them and diabetes remains undiagnosed in them for years.

Initial symptoms are mild and hard to recognize, but once you notice any of them. Do not take it for granted at all. This can be you first clue indicating that medical attention is needed.  The symptoms are many and you can experience any one or some of them. The causes are also countless. The disease can find it’s way up to you through any route. Our lifestyle had made it even more difficult to keep ourselves in safe zone. The only solution that seems practical is being watchful to blood sugar levels at regular intervals.

Either through visiting the nearby certified specialists or by getting home glucose monitoring kits. Even if things seems very entangled, there is atill always a way out of it. We are here to show you that way.

Knowledge is power. Having a basic knowledge about diabetes behavior within your body gives you the power to beat down this threatening disease.

How To Choose The Best Insulin Bags For Travel?

How To Choose The Best Insulin Bags For Travel?


Travelling is unavoidable nowadays. Are you worried about your next coming trip because of diabetes? The first thing that comes to your mind is getting stuff ready for travel. Well, most importantly you cannot avoid your insulin. But yet you are confused about how to get the best bags to keep them safe during travel.

Easy tips to choose your insulin travel bag

Let’s discuss some useful ways in which you can make your travel hassle-free. Insulin cannot be avoided for diabetic persons under any circumstances. So the best way to manage this is to get the insulin packed safely in bags that are insulated. Insulin should not be directly exposed to varying extreme temperatures. The efficacy will be greatly influenced due to fluctuation in temperatures. It has to be kept under cool conditions.

Before any travel, get your blood analysis done for the glucose levels. Take the opinion of your health consultant regarding choosing suitable bags for your travel. Depending upon the severity of diabetes the doctor can advise you regarding the quantity of medicine to be carried along with you.

General information

Usually, insulin is stored in insulin bags. It may have compartments to fill the reusable ice gels. Some bags are devoid of compartments, it is safe to use hygienic towels to wrap around the gels. Then insulin can be kept next to it. The best practice is to keep insulin in the innermost compartment of the bag.

Insulin should be ideally stored between 2-8 degrees Celsius or 36-46 degrees Fahrenheit. So while traveling you have to choose a very good storage bag that does not spoil the efficacy of insulin. The temperature also has to be regulated between the required ranges.

There are a lot of storage bags available in the market. But choosing wisely is very essential. You have to clearly understand your specifications & opt for a suitable product. Most often, when it comes to travel, the length of the travel should be prioritized.

If it is a long holiday, necessary precautions have to be taken to carry the insulin. Like the quantity of insulin & the temperature retaining capacity of the bag. The bag should be selected by following all these parameters. It should be lightweight for easy portability. It should safely fit in your handbag. Especially if you are flying. This is very essential to carry in your hand baggage & not in check-in baggage.

 For best results

  • It is very important not to use a new product initially for your long trip. You can try using them for short journeys & then take them for long travels. This is to get an idea of the product & its quality.
  • Also during travel, it should be safely packed in your bags. There is a chance of contamination as you travel to different places.
  • It is better to have an alternate option if somethings happens to your insulin bag. Carry another small bag to avoid running out of your medicine.
  • Insulin bags come in varying sizes. There are small to medium& large depending upon the requirement of the customers. But on the first hand, you should have a clear idea of what is needed. Then the best choice can be made & you won’t regret. Sometimes, bags with medium capacities may not fit your long travel.
  • This might give you an added stress regarding the spoilage of your medicine. Sometimes you may also find it difficult to get the insulin at your destination. So this is very crucial as it pertains to your health & wellbeing. The insulin bags stay cool from 8 hours to 30 hours. Different bags or cases come with a wide range of temperature retaining capacities.
  • Here a thorough analysis is done to help anyone chose their best insulin bags. For journeys more than a day, normally the bags or cases with a 30 hour capacity are preferred. They also come with compartments or pouches for keeping your oral medications. Sometimes the gel ice packs have to be replaced, which means they cannot be used more than once. All these increase the cost of the bag.
  • There are reusable options too. In some cases, the temperature is regulated with the help of water. The water-based cooler bags can be used for 4 days which is pretty good for big holidays or camps. There will be multiple pouches or compartments to keep your insulin pens.
  • Bags come with coolers that can be reactivated after 24 hours. That’s pretty good for long vacations because you never run out of insulin. It contains cooler pouches for heat-sensitive medications. Many bags are provided with added features to fit customer needs.
  • Frio bags are a good example of insulin bags with affordable prices for the features they provide. They maintain the exact required temperature of the insulin to avoid frequent refrigeration. They come in varying sizes. You could choose to fit your travel needs. One or two bags for long travel.

Travel bags with sensors

There are sensors to detect the temperature of the cooler bag. The insulin has to be preserved at a specific temperature of 2- 8 degrees Celsius. This is checked by the sensors to ensure your insulin stays in the optimum conditions.

Most of the time these sensors are linked to your cellular phones. You might also get the temperature updates instantaneously. This is very helpful to make sure that the insulin is live. Sometimes even if the bags are refrigerated, the temperature will not be suitable for the storage of insulin. In such cases, sensors notify you to take necessary precautions.

Tips to use the bags efficiently

Go for affordable insulin bags & follow the instructions clearly. For Type 1 Diabetes, requirements may vary. So the choice has to be made in consultation with your health consultant also a check if the product is overpriced for the features they provide. Mostly as there is a good deal of market competition most of the products give similar features with slight changes or added features

The bags should be a perfect fit for your required quantity of insulin if it is a long or short trip. Extra bags or bags with extra capacities are bliss for unexpected flight delays.  So if your option is long travel by bus or air, it is better to opt for bags with multiple features.

The sensors attached can be used to assess the temperature at subsequent stages of your travel. The insulin bag along with the sensor is always a good option. Reusable water coolers are cost-effective in the long run. It is only the one-time expense. But you will never have to worry about replacing it.

Reviewing top 5 insulin travel bags

Amazon provides a wide range of insulin travel bags. Here let’s discuss the top-rated products.  Each product is designed uniquely fitting customer needs. When buying a product it is essential to understand the feedback of the customers using the product. This helps you to make more informed decisions. (https://www.amazon.com/pcr/Best-Rated-Diabetic-Care-Organizers-Travel-Kits-Reviews/3761461)

Frio insulin cooling case, large wallet blue

This product receives great customer appreciation & satisfaction. It is very suitable while traveling to places with flexible temperature gradients. Also, it doesn’t need to be refrigerated. It works with the activity of water.

The customers opine that during extreme heatwaves, it maintained the coolness & the medicines were not even slightly affected. The instruction for product use has to be strictly followed for the best results.

It required activating every 36-48 hours by submerging in cool water. It can effectively withstand extreme heat also. It exactly serves the purpose as specified. The customer reviews it as a very genuine product. The case can hold 4 pens.  Along with insulin, there are also provisions to store your allergic medications safely. During camping or travels, it is highly recommended.

Insulin Travel cooler bag, the medical case with icepack

The product is light in weight & carried in backpacks or luggage.  Most of the customer gives good feedbacks that it perfectly fits for long flights. It is very compact & affordable too. It is reviewed 4.8 on 5. The 4 ice pack gels make it cool throughout. The cooling pack is very much efficient for long travel, especially during flights.

The design is simple & there are rooms to carry other medications also. It is cost-effective for the multiple features they provide. The product is highly recommended due to its efficient cooling feature. Non-diabetic patients can also carry other heat-sensitive medications.

SHBC Insulin Travel cooler case

The case is hard to prevent any damage from outside. It has small cooling packs that get easily frozen. It can also accommodate allied diabetic supplies like glucometer which is an added feature of the product. It has a good space for everything. If more medication has to be carried, cold packs can be replaced too. It receives quality ratings of 4.4 on 5.  Any other heat-sensitive medicines also can be safely stored in this case. The design is very simple. It is not overpriced. It serves the purpose efficiently. It is a promising product.

Gold Wheat Portable Insulin Cooler Bag –

As per the opinion of the customer, it is ideal for small journeys of 3 to 6 hours. The design is excellent & comes with a strong zipper. There are mini pockets for alcohol wipes as well as needles. According to some customers, the cooling effect depends upon the external temperature. Sometimes if there is extreme heat, the cooling effect is not very efficient. The pouches are well designed to keep the things in place without any displacement during travel. The portability receives customers’ appreciation

Apollo walker insulin Travel Case

This product is highly recommended for travel. It can hold big insulin bottles. It also fits a small glucometer & related accessories. It is spacious enough to keep other medical supplies also. The cooler packs can be utilized for any heat sensitive medications without any doubt. It is best for 7 to 8 hours of use.  The compartments are very convenient. It is highly recommended as a good travel bag for carrying your medications. It is compact & durable. It easily fits in bags or backpacks. It receives quality ratings of 4.5 out of 5.00.

Which product is best for you?

There are many more similar products available. The product specifications are almost the same for all products. But in such cases, it is mandatory to consider customer reviews. For every product, there are specific reviews. In the case of insulin travel bags, everyone focuses on cooling efficiency & portability.

The design, color, spacing are also greatly looked upon by the buyers. The bags are designed not only for storing insulin but ideal for medicines that require cold storage. This provides a great advantage to non-diabetic clients.

Sometimes, you may find a product that fits all your requirements but it might be a bulky one or less fashionable with an odd color. It may be overpriced also.

Another point to be noted is that it gives room for the storage of other medical supplies. For example allergic medications, alcohol wipes, needles, etc. It is a very good choice for older age group patients also. Many people may not remember to carry their medical accessories during a busy travel schedule. They may be stressed or disorganized.  This acts as a lifesaver for such persons. This makes traveling effortless.


Insulin travel bags are a life-changing product for diabetic persons. It enables to travel with confidence anywhere stress-free. It is very important to pick a bag that exactly fits your disease condition & travel hours. The climate of your destination point, possible chances of delay in travel are the things to be aware of.

During purchasing an insulin bag, there should be a clear understanding of your needs. And the product selected should comply or meet your requirements. Sometimes, products may not be satisfactory quality-wise. But then there are numerous other products to try out. And this is the best way to find your perfect insulin travel bag.



Accessed on 09-01-2020

What to do when Blood Sugar is High?

What to do when blood sugar is high

Increased blood sugar, particularly referred to as “Hyperglycemia” in scientific terms is a condition that arrives when blood sugar levels of the body increase beyond the normal range. ‘What to do when blood sugar is high’ is a common issue faced by most of the individuals with Diabetes. What actually happens is that to keep our blood sugar in the optimal range, the pancreas present in our body produces a hormone called insulin which stimulates the cells to absorb glucose and store it. But when the body lacks enough insulin or if insulin fails to work appropriately, glucose now cannot be absorbed by the cells and remains in bloodstream causing blood sugar levels to rise drastically above the safe limit leading to numerous health issues.

The prevalence of diabetes is increasing in a vigorous manner worldwide with approximately 425 million people presently dealing with the problem of elevated blood sugar. This proportion is expected to inflate up to 625 million by 2035. Hence, making people familiar with the appropriate measures is the need of the hour.

Causes for High Blood Sugar Levels

Before you try and adapt methods for lowering blood sugar, you must know the evident causes which are responsible for spiking up the blood sugar levels. This helps you to understand the problem of high blood sugar comprehensively and get solutions with the right approach.

Different kinds of diabetes are responsible for raising blood sugar levels if proper prevention is not taken. You might be familiar with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, if not, then now you will be.

Type 1 diabetes is the condition when the immune system attacks beta cells of the pancreas which produce insulin. As a result, insulin production gets ceased and the body is unable to meet the insulin requirement lifting up blood sugar levels. People with type 1 diabetes must regularly take insulin either through injection or pills administered orally and require an insulin pump to keep a check on blood sugar levels.

Type 2 diabetes is said to occur when the body produces insulin but its amount is not sufficient enough to meet the demands of the body or it resists insulin.

Insulin resistance is a well-known cause of type 2 diabetes which is due to improper functioning of insulin. The body doesn’t a response to insulin anymore and cannot stimulate cells to absorb glucose. Therefore, this glucose enters the blood hiking up blood sugar.

Gestational diabetes is the one which occurs when the body develops insulin resistance and high blood sugar levels are encountered during pregnancy.

Carbohydrates are the major cause of driving blood sugar levels to accelerate disastrously. They are complex sugars that get broken down to simpler sugars in the form of glucose which then enters our bloodstream. The more you consume food containing carbohydrates, the more likely your blood sugar levels will rise accordingly. Intensive studies find that consumption of sugar above optimal levels is related to the development of insulin resistance by the body. Hence, you need to be forethoughtful regarding the amount of your sugar intake.

Foods with a high glycemic index pave a greater threat to the heightening of blood sugar levels.

The glycemic index literally means the measure of the relative ability of any carbohydrate to raise the levels of glucose in the blood. Conversely, foods with a high glycemic index are quickly digested and absorbed by the body resulting in a rapid rise in blood sugar levels.

Instant remedial solutions for quickly bringing down raised up blood sugar levels

There are times when blood sugar levels are uncontrollably raised up. To cope up with the situation, you must be ready with some instant solutions to revert back your raised up blood sugar levels to normal again and get immediate relief.

Instant remedial solutions

1. Drink plenty of water – whenever there is an increase in blood sugar levels, the very first and foremost thing is to keep the body perfectly hydrated. If you are suffering from Hyperglycemia but not drinking plenty of water, there are high chances that you will be lying on the hospital bed in the near future. There is a subtle physiological phenomenon behind this.

When the body is dehydrated, the vasopressin hormone is released by the hypothalamus whose function is to prevent loss of water from the body. Vasopressin causes kidneys to retain fluids as a result of which body cannot flush out excess of sugar through urine. Now, this sugar has to reside in our body within our bloodstream. Moreover, vasopressin stimulates the liver as well to release sugar into the blood thereby making the situation even worse.

Hence, make sure to keep yourself fully hydrated in case of increased blood sugar.

2. Exercising a little can help a lot – even a light exercise done for a short time interval can instantly lower down your blood sugar to an appreciable extent.

But you have to be extra careful with this remedy. If the amount of ketones in your body is high, the condition generally termed as Diabetic Ketoacidosis, then you should not exercise at all as it will raise your blood sugar even more. You need to properly get diagnosed and know everything well about your health conditions in advance.

3. Eat a high protein food – having a protein-rich diet is a must during Hyperglycemia. Proteins serve you with dual benefits, it will keep your blood sugar in control as well as also provides essential amino acids to the body which are extremely required for healthy well being but cannot be produced by the body. Amino acids to stabilizes the blood sugar levels. Eat eggs, meat, pulses, dairy products, beans, broccoli, legumes, spinach and all that you can manage to get.

4. Get administered with an immediate dose of insulin – You must consult your doctor either through a physical visit or make a phone call, whatever suits your comfort zone at the moment. The doctor will accurately prescribe you the right amount of insulin dose to take during an emergency.

5. Put a limit on your carbohydrates input deliberately – limit all the eatables containing high carbs and sugars. Use calorie-free sweetener in place of table sugar.

Foods that decrease the risk of high blood sugar spikes

Foods that decrease the risk of high blood sugar spikes

1. Bottle gourd juice – people all over the world kick start their day with a mug of tea or coffee. But being a person with Hyperglycemia, you aren’t supposed to do that. Nothing can surpass the nutritious value of bottle gourd juice, a perfect beverage to give your day a healthy beginning. Its taste might irritate you for some time but the benefits are just incredible particularly in times of high blood sugar.

Rest, you are wise enough to make the choice.

2. Vinegar – This is something very common to find in Indian households in the form of preservatives for pickles.

Vinegar, especially Apple Cider vinegar can prove to be a boon for people having Hyperglycemia. From activating weight loss, cholesterol reduction to improving heart health and controlling blood sugar, it does it all with no harmful effects. This is a must include the thing in your diet chart if you want to tackle the problem of increased blood sugar with great ease.


3. Fibers – switching on to fibers during high blood sugar levels brings you surplus benefits. Fibers have two categories namely soluble fibers and insoluble fibers. It is the soluble fiber that can effectively reduce blood sugar levels and help you lead a healthy lifestyle. These fibers have the ability to slow down the absorption of carbohydrates in the esophagus. Additional advantage includes making your stomach feel full leading to reduced food intake and thereby eliminating the chances for obesity.


4. Consume foods with low glycemic index – foods with low glycemic index contain a low amount of carbohydrates in them which prevent glucose to build up in your body and eventually reduce the circumstances for rising blood sugar levels.

Green vegetables, raw carrots, kidney beans, chickpeas, and lentils are some of the very good options if you are ready to inculcate foods with the low glycemic index in your diet.

Drinking enough water a day keeps you on the safer side

5. Drinking enough water a day keeps you on the safer side – It is scientifically proven that people who drank at least 1 liter of water a day faced 25% less risk blood sugar getting high than the people who drank only 500 ml or less water per day.

An ideal amount of water a person with blood sugar spikes should drink is recommended to be 1.5 liters a day. Not to forget that dehydration makes your problem more adverse, so better to avoid such issues before they happen.


6.Berberine – A potent supplement to treat diabetes along with its further abilities to cure cancer, depression and cholesterol reduction.

Berberine is chemically a quaternary ammonium salt belonging to the protoberberine group of benzylisoquinoline – an alkaloid found in some plants. It is generally extracted from the roots of plants like barberry and goldenseal.

The working strategy of Berberine is such that it activates AMP-activated protein kinase which regulates the way the body uses blood sugar. Authentic studies made previously reveal that it enhances overall insulin sensitivity and stabilizes the blood sugar levels.

Thorne Research Berberine 500 is regarded as the best berberine supplement brand of 2019. You can get this or other similar products either through local stores or online sites.

Brown rice and Basmati rice

7. Brown rice and Basmati rice – Brown rice is definitely the best choice for your diabetes management. Brown rice is packed with fibers. Since fibers are not digested by our bodies, they don’t affect our blood sugar in any way.

Basmati rice, on the other hand, has the lowest glycemic index among all the rice types, that is, once digested it will release energy gradually maintaining stable blood sugar levels giving an essential contribution towards your health management.

8.Artificial sweetening agents – all the artificial sweeteners whether natural or artificial comes with no calories or very low calories, if any but still are 90 to 600 times sweeter than table sugar. Therefore, if you feel the lack of sweetness in your food, you can switch towards some trusted artificial sweetening products like Stevia, Tagatose, Saccharin, Aspartame, and Sucralose. These are available at local stores and online under different brand names. Some widely used brands are Sugarfree, Nunaturals, Splenda, Zevic, Nevella, Sugar twin and so on.

Related: Top 20 Indian foods for Diabetes control

Foods and drinks you must avoid to ensure better control over increased blood sugar

According to a widely quoted dictum, “Health is wealth” and obviously our health has to be our priority. Many other people’s lives and expectations are linked with our good health. Keeping the same in mind, here is the complete array of things you need to eradicate from your plate to have better control over the disease.

1.Refined carbohydrates – The prime reason for rising up of blood sugar levels is carbohydrates. Further, refined carbohydrates have a very high glycemic index favoring lifting up of blood sugar too far above than safer limits.

The amount of sugar an average person consumes in a day is reported to be 25g in women and 38g in men. However, the appropriate amount recommends for people with Hyperglycemia is 22g for women and 34g for men.

2. Bottled juices – bottled juices are one of the worst things to consume when your blood sugar is high as can be seen from the index of the packets that all the packeted juices are exhaustively rich in glycemic index and calories which will worsen your health for sure.

3.Caffeinated coffees – Researches unleash that regular consumption of caffeinated coffee can decrease the body’s ability towards insulin sensitivity and result in lifting up of blood sugar levels.

4.Honey – Honey is usually considered superfood in Indian Ayurvedic culture. Although it has remarkable potency to treat many diseases, it is still destructive in the case of the hyperglycemic conditions. A single tablespoon of honey contains about 17 grams of carbohydrates which means that the glycemic index of honey is extremely high causing a direct accelerating impact on your blood sugar levels.


5. Trans fats – Trans Fatty acids or trans unsaturated fatty acids, commonly called trans fats comes with several negative health impacts.

Doctors consider them the worst kind of fats to eat not just because it sets the risk for type 2 diabetes but also because it is associated with triggering heart-related diseases and increasing cholesterol levels as well.

Trans fats are a part of peanut butter, flavored yogurt, junk foods, and packaged snacks.

6. Sweetened cereals – compositionally, cereals contain 75% carbohydrates which are going to lift up your blood sugars making it a bad choice for bringing in your routine. Despite the nutritional claims marked on their packets, they are far less healthy for someone with high blood sugar.


7. Processed snacks – industrially processed snacks are abundantly loaded with calories and undesired materials. They are typically made with refined flour, often containing fast-digesting carbohydrates that rapidly accelerate blood sugar.

8.White rice and white bread – both white rice and white bread contain a peak amount of carbohydrates in them together with refined flour and low fiber content. That overall makes a really dreadful combination for the people who already have got their blood sugar levels raised.

Instead, you should turn on to brown rice for which the benefits have already been mentioned above.

Related: 20 Indian Foods to be Avoided in DIABETES

Shake hands with spices

Spices can help you a lot to bring down increased blood sugar back to normal. Some must consume spices include cinnamon, garlic, turmeric, and cloves.

 Cinnamon is the most loved spice among diabetic patients. The reason is that you can replace it in the place of table sugar or sprinkle it on the top of other foods and dishes you eat.

Cinnamon is known for improving insulin sensitivity of the body eventually improving your diabetic health.


Turmeric has been used as an Ayurvedic medicine for a long time due to its remarkable antiseptic and antioxidant properties.

Chemical complex named curcumin found in it impels your blood sugar levels to the optimized range. One of the best ways to include turmeric in your diet is by taking it along with milk, something which is very common in Indian society.

Cloves prominently serve with the benefaction of maintaining low blood sugar. Apart from this, it too promotes insulin production which gives an ultimate boost for controlled blood sugar levels.


Do’s and Don’ts to follow for a healthy lifestyle

  • Never skip meals as it can result in obesity. Whenever you remain without eating anything for longer hours, your body uses the glucose already stored in the liver in the form of glycogen. This provokes the liver to release more glucose into the bloodstream.
  • Don’t cut off necessary sleep. The appropriate time you should allow for sleeping is 7 to 8 hours to prevent unnecessary blood sugar spikes.
  • Be cautious with your sleeping hours, even sleeping more than required makes you overweight and cause more problems.
  • Eat more foods with low glycemic index and must involve apples, pineapple, citrus fruits, strawberries for high fiber intake
  • Regular exercise is the key to maintaining normal blood sugar levels. Weightlifting, walking, running, cycling, dancing or even short term intense workouts, all can help you to fight high blood sugar.

  • Not to forget, exercising under the condition when you have high ketone count in your body might prove harmful.
  • Simple yogurt can be beneficial to you but sweetened and flavored yogurt will adversely affect your diabetic health.
  • Don’t take unnecessary stress. This causes the narrowing of blood vessels resulting in poor blood circulation and providently poor health.
  • Keep a continuous check on your glucose levels. If it ranges between 180-250 mg/dL, you are entering the danger zone and readily need to consult a doctor.
  • If you are well-versed with modern technology, then you must connect with some great Android apps like “Beat Diabetes” which provides meal recommendations, guidance for weight loss and much more .”Apollo Sugar” is another such app that aims to connect specialists, patients, and technology together. You can access reports, prescription and chat online with personalized health specialists to gain educational information.


Concluding words

When blood sugar rises beyond the safer limit, it becomes a matter of utmost concern but no disease is such a big that can surpass your determination and will power. Things definitely get easier once you know the right tactics and solutions.

Immediately switch on to low glycemic foods, high protein diet, consume more of fibers and obviously drink maximum water to ensure hydration. Keep in touch with the doctor as to when required.keep a track of your daily activities to make your conversation with the doctors and specialists more productive.

Exercise and sleep well with a stress-free mind for better convenience. Selectively pick up only a healthy menu and cut off all the extra stuff from your diet chart. Lastly, a joyous and happy mind builds up good health. Make sure to find a reason which makes you laugh through a day.